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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shabbos 41


(a) Why should one not place one's hand in front of the Mekom ha'Milah when Toveling?

(b) Why did Rebbi Avahu then do so?

(c) What did other Rabbanan used to do when going down to the river to Tovel, and when returning?

(a) Why is it forbidden to touch the Mekom ha'Milah?

(b) Why might it possibly be permitted to do so when going to Tovel in a river?

(c) The Gemara proves this from the Mishnah of 'Baleshes ha'Nichnas la'Ir'.
What does the Mishnah say, and what is the proof from there for our case?

(a) What useful tips - concerning someone who Tovels - did Rebbi Zeira learn from Rav Yehudah before leaving Bavel for Eretz Yisrael?

(b) How did Rebbi Zeira interpret the Pasuk in Yirmiyah "Bavelah Yavo'u, ve'Sham Yihyu"?

(a) About what does the Beraisa say ...
1. ... 'Achilaso Dam, ve'Zehu Techilas Choli Me'ayim?
2. ... 'Achilaso Merakeves, ve'Zehu Techilas Rei'ach Ra?
(b) Which three things does the Beraisa advise someone who bathes in hot water to do?
(a) The Mishnah permits one to drink from a 'Muliar ha'Garuf', but not from an Antichi ha'Garuf'.
What is a 'Muliar', and what is an 'Antichi'?

(b) Why may one drink from the former on Shabbos, but not from the latter?

(c) Rabbah permits the water in the Antichi that we have described; in his opinion, an Antichi is a 'Bei Kiri'.
What is a 'Bei Kiri', and why is it more stringent than an Antichi?

(d) The Gemara proves that an 'Antichi' is indeed a 'Bei Dudi', like Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak explains, from a Beraisa, which gives the reason for the prohibition to drink from it 'Mipnei she'Nechushtah Mechamemasah'. What does 'Nechushtah' mean?

(e) How do Rashi's Rebbes translate 'Nechushtah', and why does Rashi disagree with them?

6) The Mishnah writes 'ha'Meicham she'Pinehu, Lo Yiten le'Tocho Tzonan Bishevil she'Yechamu'.
How does Rav Ada bar Masna explain this?

Answers to questions



(a) What is 'Metzaref', and why is it Asur on Shabbos?

(b) Why is it then permitted to pour a little cold water into a boiling hot pot on Shabbos? Why has one not transgressed the Melachah of Metzaref?

(a) What is Abaye's objection to Rav Ada's (above-mentioned) explanation of the Mishnah - 'ha'Meicham she'Pinehu?

(b) So how does Abaye interpret the Mishnah?

(c) Who will now be the author of the Mishnah, which forbids one to pour cold water into a boiling pot that has been emptied?

(a) What does Rav mean when he says 'Lo Shanu Ela Lehafshir, Aval Letzaref, Asur'.
Why can his words not be taken literally?

(b) What then, *does* he mean?

(c) What is the basis of the Machlokes between Rav and Shmuel?

Answers to questions
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