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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shabbos 39


(a) To what extent has one transgressed if the egg beside the boiling kettle roasts slightly?

(b) What are the only two foods that one may not wash with hot water on Shabbos, and why?

(c) How does this prove the statement in a?

(a) Is it permitted to place ...
  1. ... a cooked pot into a pit to be stored?
  2. ... a container of hot water into a ditch of dirty water to cool?
(b) The Mishnah in Perek Chavis permits one to place cold water in the sand to heat.
Can the author of *this* Mishnah be the Tana Kama of Rebbi Yossi in our Mishnah, who forbids the frying of an egg in a hot cloth?

(c) What is the Machlokes between Rebbi Yossi and the Tana Kama?

(d) Why does Rebbi Yossi not argue with the prohibition of placing an egg in the sand (two answers - Rabbah and Rav Yosef)?

(a) What is the difference whether the reason for the prohibition of placing the egg in the sand is because one may subsequently come to place it in hot ashes, or because one may move some sand in the process, and dig a hole?

(b) Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel permits one to roast an egg on a hot roof.
According to Rav Yosef, why is he not concerned about moving some of the earth to place the egg?

(a) What is the Kashya on Rav Yosef from the men of Teverya in our Mishnah?

(b) Why is it not a Kashya on Rabbah?

(c) How does the Gemara answer the Kashya on Rav Yosef?

(d) Why does Rebbi Yossi disagree with the Rabbanan's proof from there that Toldas ha'Chamah is forbidden?

Answers to questions



(a) Which major decree emerges from the Chachamim's ruling by the men of Teverya?

(b) Ula thought that the Halachah is like the men of Teverya, who permitted the pipe.
What did Rav Nachman comment on that?

(a) May one take a bath on Shabbos with water that was heated on Erev Shabbos?

(b) May one wash one's head, arms and legs on Yom-Tov with water that was heated on Yom-tov specifically for washing?

(c) What is the problem then, with our Mishnah, which writes, in reference to the pipe of the men of Teverya: 'Im be'Shabbos, *ke'Chamin she'Huchmu be'Shabbos*, va'Asurin bi'Rechitzah u'vi'Shesiyah; Im be'Yom-Tov, ke'Chamin she'Huchmu be'Yom-Tov, *va'Asurin bi'Rechizah*, u'Mutarin bi'Shesiyah'?

(d) The Gemara answers that our Mishnah is referring to Shituf, and that the author is Rebbi Shimon.
What is Shituf, and what does Rebbi Shimon say about it?

(e) How do we now explain our Mishnah?

7) Rebbi Meir forbids Shituf altogether.
What is Rebbi Yehudah's opinion regarding Shituf?


(a) The Gemara at first thinks that Rav Chisda confines the Machlokes Tana'im regarding Shituf with water that was heated before Shabbos, to water that was heated in a vessel, but that, if it was heated in the ground - even in hot water - the water will be permitted (like Rebbi Yehudah), according to all opinions.
Why should water that is heated in the ground be any better than water that is heated in a vessel?

(b) On what grounds does the Gemara reject this contention?

(c) How does the Gemara finally explain Rav Chisda's statement?

(a) Rebbi Yochanan opinion is quoted as being that the Halachah in the above Machlokes is like Rebbi Yehudah.
From which general statement of Rebbi Yochanan do we derive this ruling?

(b) Which is the only exception to that ruling, and why is that (two reasons?

(c) Why might we have thought that Rebbi Yochanan's statement does not apply to the Machlokes in the Beraisa?

Answers to questions
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