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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shabbos 31


(a) What wager did the two men make, and what were the stakes?

(b) How did the one man go about winning his bet?

(c) Why were ...

  1. .... the Babylonian's heads misshapen?
  2. .... the Tarmudians' eyes round?
  3. .... the Africans' feet wide (or flat)?
(a) What was Hillel's reaction to the better's rudeness?

(b) Ultimately, it was not Hillel who lost his patience, but the better.
Why was that?

(c) But it was Hillel who had the last word.
What was it?

(a) Hillel's unparalleled patience brought three people under the wings of the Shechinah.
How did he prevail upon the first of the three gentiles to accept the fact that there is an oral Torah?

(b) How did he teach the second gentile that the entire Torah whilst he (the gentile) stood on one leg?

(c) What are the two ways of explaining that the Pasuk in Vayikra "ve'Ahavta le'Rei'acha Kamocha" comprises the whole Torah?

(d) What made the third gentile want the Kehunah Gedolah?

(e) How did Hillel then go on to convince him that it was not worth going for?

(a) What are the six things contained in the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'Hayah Emunas Itecha, Chosen Yeshu'os Chochmas va'Da'as"?

(b) Why is 'Seder Zera'im called "Emunas"?

(c) Which is the key point in this Pasuk?

(a) The Gemara also derives from this Pasuk the six questions that we will all be asked by the Heavenly Court when our time comes.
What are they?

(b) Why is 'Kevi'us Itim la'Torah' so important?

(c) How much 'Chumtun' (sandy, salty earth) is a wheat-merchant permitted to add to the wheat that he sells?

Answers to questions



(a) What do Chazal mean when they compare someone who has Torah but no Yir'as Shamayim, to a treasurer who has been handed the inner keys, but not the outer ones?

(b) And what do they mean when they say 'What a pity when a person builds a door to his non-existent house?

(c) What does the Pasuk in Koheles "ve'ha'Elokim Asah she'Yir'u mi'Lefanav" mean?

7) When Rebbi Ya'akov bar Aba walked past Rebbi Simon and Rebbi Elazar, one of them wanted to stand up because he was a ben Torah, the other one, because he was a Yer'ei Shamayim.
How do we know that Rebbi Elazar was the proponent of the first reason?


(a) What do we learn from ...
  1. ... the Pasuk in Koheles "Al Tirsha Harbeh"?
  2. ... the Pasuk in Tehilim "Ki Ein Chartzubos le'Mosam, u'Bari Ulam"?
(b) How does the Pasuk (also in Tehilim) "Zeh Darkam Kesel Lamo - va'Achareihem be'Fihen Yirtzu Sela" support the latter Derashah?
(a) 'Rebbi Yossi Poter be'Chulan, Chutz Min ha'Pesilah, Mipnei she'Hi Osah Pecham'.
If Rebbi Yossi holds like Rebbi Yehudah, why does he hold 'Chutz Min ha'Pesilah'? Why should one not be Chayav even in the other cases?

(b) Considering that whenever they took down the Mishkan in the desert, they did so with the intention of setting it up in a different location, why was it not always considered 'Soser Al Menas Livnos she'Lo bi'Mekomo'?
So how can Rebbi Yossi hold that 'Soser Al Menas Livenos bi'Mekomo' is always Patur?

(c) According to Rebbi Yochanan, Rebbi Yossi holds like Rebbi Shimon. Why then, does he say, 'Chutz min ha'Pesilah' etc. According to Rebbi Shimon, why will he not be Patur, even if he wanted to save the wick?

(d) How is this proven from the Lashon of Rebbi Shimon in the Mishnah?

10) For which three sins are women prone to die at childbirth?

Answers to questions
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