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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shabbos 30


(a) Who must be the author of our Mishnah, which rules, that someone who extinguishes a light in order to save the lamp, the oil or the wick, is Chayav?

(b) Then why is he Patur in the Reisha, where he extinguished it for a sick person?

(c) In that case, why did the Mishnah not write 'Mutar', instead of 'Patur'?

(d) And how do we then explain the Beraisa, which writes that someone who extinguishes a light for a sick person, is 'Patur Aval Asur'?

(a) What did David mean when he wrote in Tehilim "Lo ha'Mesim Yehalelu Kah", and "ba'Mesim Chofshi"?

(b) When Shlomoh wrote in Koheles "ve'Shavach Ani es ha'Mesim she'Kevar Mesu", he was referring either to Moshe Rabeinu's inferiority during his lifetime, or to his superiority after death.
What does this mean?

(c) He could also have been referring to his father's superiority after death.
To which dual episode does this refer?

(a) Why did the gates want to destroy Shlomoh?

(b) What made them relent?

(c) Following the celebrations at the completion of the Beis Hamikdash, the Pasuk in Melachim uses the following five expressions:

1. "va'Yelchu le'Oholeihem";
2. "Semeichim";
3. "ve'Tovei Lev";
4. "Al Kol ha'Tovah Asher Asah Hashem le'David Avdo";
5. "u'le'Yisrael Amo".
What do they all mean?
(a) David asked Hashem when he would die.
What did Hashem reply?

(b) What was David's reaction when he was informed that he would die on Shabbos, and what was Hashem's response?

(c) What was Hashem's reply when he asked to die on Friday?

(d) What did David do from that time on?

(e) How, in the end, did the Angel of Death outwit him?

Answers to questions



(a) Which two Sha'alos did Shlomoh then ask in the Beis Hamedrash?

(b) What did they answer him?

(c) How did this prompt Shlomoh to write in Koheles "Ki la'Kelev Chai Hu Tov min ha'Aryeh ha'Mes"?

(a) How did Rebbi Tanchum answer the Sha'aleh about extinguishing a light for a person who is dying?

(b) Is that the real source for this Halachah?

(c) Then why did he quote it as such?

(a) They wanted to hide the Book of Koheles, because it contained (apparent) self-contradictory statements.
Why did they decide not to do so?

(b) What did they infer from the words of the opening Pasuk "Mah Yisron la'Adam be'Chol Amalo, she'Ya'amol *Tachas ha'Shamesh*?

(c) The final Pasuk too, is Divrei Torah.
What does the final Pasuk say?

(d) What is the gist of the final phrase "Ki Zeh Kol ha'Adam"?

(a) How do we reconcile the two Pesukim
1. "Tov Ka'as mi'Sechok" & "li'Sechok Amarti Mehulal"?
2. "u'le'Simchah Mah Zoh Osah" & "ve'Shibachti Ani es ha'Simchah"?
(b) What do the following have in common:
1. Hashra'as ha'Shechinah; 2. a Devar Halachah; 3. a good dream?

(c) How was Elisha's calling a minstrel to play for him, a 'Simchah shel Mitzvah'? Which Mitzvah was it?

(a) How do we Darshan the Pasuk in Shir ha'Shirim "Sifvosav Shoshanim Notfos Mor Over"?

(b) How do we reconcile this with what we learnt a little earlier about a Simchah shel Mitzvah (two explanations)?

(c) Why did they not hide the book of Mishlei when they discovered that it too, contained apparently contradictory statements?

(a) How does the Gemara reconcile the two Pesukim "Al Ta'an Kesil ke'Avlaso" & "Anei Kesil ke'Avlaso"?

(b) What is the reason for this?

(c) What saved Rebbi from people calling his children 'Mamzeirim'?

(a) What did Rabban Gamliel learn from the Pasuk in Yirmiyah "Harah ve'Yoledes Yachdav"?

(b) Why did that Talmid consider that very funny?

(c) What did Rabban Gamliel answer him?

(a) What did Rabban Gamliel answer the Talmid who laughed when, based on a Pasuk in Yechezkel, he taught that in the days of Mashiach, the trees will bear fruit every day?

(b) And what did he tell the Talmid who laughed when, based on a Pasuk in Tehilim, he said that, in the days of Mashi'ach, both bread and silk garments will grow from the ground?

Answers to questions
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