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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shabbos 13


(a) Why does our Mishnah write 'Lo Yochal ha'Zav Im ha'Zavah', and not 'Lo Yochal *ha'Tahor* Im ha'Temei'ah'?

(b) Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar says that a Zav who is a Parush should not eat with a Zav who is an Am ha'Aretz, because he may lure him into be in his company, or because he may feed him food that is Tamei.
What is the problem with those two versions of Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar's statement?

(c) According to Abaye, it is a decree that perhaps the Zav who is an Am ha'Aretz will feed the Zav who is a Parush, food that is not Ma'asered properly. What is Rava's objection to that?

(d) So how does Rava interpret the decree quoted by Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar?

(a) The Gemara asks whether a Zav is permitted to sleep beside a Zavah, when they are both fully dressed, and it brings a proof from Beis Hillel, who forbids one to place chicken together with cheese on the same table. How does the Gemara refute that proof?

(b) The Gemara attempts to prove this distinction from the Seifa of the Beraisa, which permits two guests at a hotel to eat together, the one meat, the other cheese, at the same table. How does the Gemara reject that proof?

(c) The Gemara believes to have proved from its latest contention, that where the two people know each other, we are strict, and forbid even the least contact. Why does this stringency not prove that a Zav and a Zavah may not sleep in the same bed fully clothed?

(d) How does Rav Yosef resolve our Sha'alah from the Pasuk in Yechezkel, which compares the relationship between a Nidah and a married woman?

(a) Rav Pedas disagrees with Rav Yosef. What does he learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra "Ish Ish El Kol She'er Besaro Lo Sikrevu Le'galos Ervah"?

(b) What is the basis of the Machlokes between Rav Yosef and Rav Pedas?

(c) When Ula returned from the Yeshivah, he would kiss his sisters.
What other statement did he make, which appears to contradict this one?

(a) How did the grief-stricken and perplexed wife of the Talmid-Chacham react, when her husband died very young - what was her problem?

(b) What did they answer her?

(c) How did Eliyahu ha'Navi eventually explain to her why this happened, and what did he mean when he said 'Baruch ha'Makom she'Hargo' etc.?

(d) How does the Gemara define (minimize) their sin (two explanations)?

Answers to questions



(a) The Chachamim went up to visit Chananya ben Chizkiyah ben Gurion when he was ill. How many decrees did they issue on that day?

(b) In the previous Mishnah, we learnt that one is forbidden to de-louse or to read, by the light of a lamp on Shabbos.
What does that have to do with the Gemara's Sha'aleh regarding this Mishnah 'Eilu Tenan, O 've'Eilu Tenan'?

(c) What is the Gemara's conclusion?

(a) What is Megilas Ta'anis?

(b) The Gemara explains that Chananya together with his associates wrote it, because they were particularly fond of Tzaros.
What does that mean?

(c) Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel gave three possible reasons for not writing a similar Megilah (although he 'loved Tzaros' no less than Chananya. Because ...

1. ... 'Ein Anu Maspikin';
2. ... 'Ein Shoteh Nifga'. What do these mean?
(a) The third reason the Gemara gives (for Rabban Gamliel's not writing a second Megilas Ta'anis) is because 'Ein Basar ha'Mes Margish be'Izmal How did the Gemara initially interpret this maxim?

(b) What do Chazal learn from the Pasuk in Iyov "Ach Besaro Yich'av Alav" ... which will clash with that?

(c) How do we therefore amend the above statement?

(a) Why did they add to Chananya ben Chizkiyah ben Gurion's name - 'Zachur Oso ha'Ish le'Tov'?

(b) Why did Yechezkel need to write "Neveilah Lo Yochlu *ha'Kohanim*? Does this mean that Yisraelim are permitted to eat Neveilah?

The 18 decrees (two of which we have already discussed earlier on the Amud):


(a) Decrees 3,4 & 5: Someone who eats a food which is a Rishon or a Sheni le'Tum'ah, or someone who drinks Tamei drinks (which are always a Rishon). There is only one possibility for a person to become Tamei min ha'Torah through eating Tamei food.
What is it?

(b) What is the Shiur of these Tum'os de'Rabbanan? How much does one have to eat to become Tamei, what are its effects and exactly when does he become Tahor again?

(c) Decree 6: Someone whose head and most of him enters water that has been drawn (e.g. a bath-tub full of water).
Does this mean, that whenever someone takes a bath, he is Tamei?

(d) Decree 7: A Tahor person upon whose head and most of him there fell three Lugin (1 Lug = 6 egg-volumes) of drawn water.
Decrees 8 & 9: A Sefer and unguarded hands are automatically Tamei. What is meant by a Sefer, and what are the ramifications of this Tum'ah?
Decree 10: A Tevul-Yom (which will eventually be erased).
Decrees 11 & 12: Food and vessels that become Tamei through Tamei liquids.

Answers to questions
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