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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Shabbos 156



(a) Kali - is flour that is made from roasted ears of wheat, and that therefore has a sweet taste.

(b) The Yesh Omrim - is Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah, who does not render someone who adds liquid to a solid Chayav, until he mixes them.

(c) The Shinuy required is to stir only a little at a time, rather than in bulk.

(a) The Tana Kama agrees that one may stir Shasis - because one adds a lot of liquid, to make a thin paste, and this does not constitute Lishah.

(b) During the week, one tends to pour the vinegar first, so, on Shabbos, one must pour the mixture first, and the vinegar afterwards.

(c) The baker of the Bei Nasha mixed the food before feeding the ox - but he did so with a Shinuy - by stirring it vertically and horizontally (in two actions) instead of the single circular motion that is normally employed.

(d) If that method was ineffective - one could always pour the mixture from vessel to another to mix it well.

(a) 've'Lo Mesafin' - is the same as 'Ein Ma'amirin', which we learnt in our Mishnah (on the previous Amud, and which, according to Rav Yehudah, means that one should not stuff the food to a point where the animal is unable to eject it).

(b) 'Piruk' (which Rebbi Chiya permits) - means to take from in front of one animal to place in front of another one, or to take from in front of two animals to place in front of two.

(c) It is forbidden to take from in front of three animals to put in front of two - because one does not normally do so during the week (which is presumably forbidden because of unnecessary Tircha. And if taking from *three* animals to place in front of *two* is forbidden, how much more so will taking from in front of *two* to place in front of *one* be forbidden.

(d) Rebbi protested vehemently - about the Babylonians, who used to mix the Shesisa, but he protested in vain, because they followed the opinion of Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah, who permitted it - with a Shinuy.

(a) Anybody born on a Sunday, claimed Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi, would be a leader (just like Sunday was the head of the days) - he might be a Rosh Yeshivah (like Rav Ashi), or he might lead a band of robbers (like Dimi bar Kakuzta - who were both born on Sunday) - but a leader he will be!

(b) If he was born ...

l. ... on Monday, he would be a man with a temper - because just as Hashem separated between the upper water and the lower water, so too, will he, with his angry outbursts, separate between one man and the other
. 2. ... on Tuesday, he would be both wealthy and with a tendency to immoral behavior - like the blades of grass, which increase profusely and very quickly (which has a connotation of immorality).
3. ... on Wednesday, he would be a Talmid-Chacham and enlighten others - like the sun and moon, which were placed in the sky on Wednesday (and the Torah is called light).
4. ... on Thursday, he would be a kind man - because that is when the birds and the fish were created, who do not need to work hard for their sustenance, but are fed purely by the kindness of Hashem.
5. ... on Friday, he would run after Mitzvos - because on Erev Shabbos, people tend to run after Mitzvos.
(c) Someone who is born on Shabbos - will also die on Shabbos, according to Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi (having caused the Shabbos to be profaned on his account, by dying on Shabbos, he will atone for that by sanctifying the Shabbos - he will die on Shabbos, and nobody will profane it on his account). However, he will still be referred to as a great, holy man' - because he was born on a great, holy day.

(d) Rebbi Chanina disagrees with Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi - on the grounds that it is not the *day* of the Mazel under which one is born that determines his character, but the *hour*.

(a) If someone is born under the Mazal Chamah ...
l. ... he will not steal - just like the sun, which never encroaches on the moon at night, only shining in the day; and all his attempts to steal will fail.
2. ... all his secrets will be revealed - just like the sun shines publicly, and has no permission to hide its light.
(b) Someone who is born under ...
l. ... Mazel Nogah will be wealthy and have a tendency to behave immorally - because fire was created on that day, and fire is symbolical of a strong Yetzer-ha'Ra - to which Chazal usually attach the character-trait of desire.
2. ... Mazel Kochav (Mercury) will be a person who enlightens and is wise - because Kochav is also known as 'Sun's Scribe'.
3. ... Mazel Levanah (Moon) will be the exact antithesis of one who is born under Mazel Chamah - because the moon encroaches on the sun's domain by shining in the day, and its light has the connotation of secrecy - because its light, unlike that of the sun, becomes constantly smaller (it is also surrounded in darkness - clouded in secrecy).
4. And he will also bear suffering - like the moon, which wanes (a sign of suffering - its punishment for suggesting that one of the major sources of light should be reduced (so it was); and he will build and demolish, demolish and build - like the moon wanes and then grows and then wanes once more.
(c) The plans of someone born under Shabsai always fail (others say that the thoughts of those who plan against him will fail - because one of the meanings of Shabbos is to cease (like in the Pasuk in No'ach "Yom va'Laylah Lo Yishbosu").

(d) The tendency of someone born under Mazel Tzedek - will be to give a lot of Tzedakah.

(a) Someone who is born under Mazel Ma'adim - will tend to spill blood.

(b) He will either be a blood-letter (a doctor), a robber, a butcher or a Mohel.

(c) Rabah was born under Mazel Ma'adim, and that explains why he punished those who were guilty and sometimes sentenced them to death.


1. 'Ein Mazel le'Yisrael' - means that the Mazel does not finally determine a Jew's character, because he has the power to change it for the better (through Tefilah and Tzedakah).
2. Rebbi Chanina's source for this is the Pasuk in Yirmiyah "Koh Amar Hashem ... u'me'Osos ha'Shamayim al Yechatu, ki Yechatu ha'Goyim me'Heimah" - the gentiles need to be afraid of them, but not us.
3. When Avraham said "ve'Hinei ben Beisi Yoresh Osi" - he was responding to Hashem's promise to bless him. What is the use of blessings, he asked Hashem, since he was unable to have children, and all his wealth would go to his slave Eliezer, after his death?
4. When Hashem told Avraham that he would move Tzedek from the West to the East - He meant that although Avraham's Mazel, Tdedek, was now in the West (symbolizing coldness and infertility [which is how Avraham knew that he could not have children], He would move it to the East, symbolizing that his Mazel had now changed and that he would now have children.



(a) When Avalat, a gentile astrologer, predicted that the man who was just walking past would not return, Shmuel replied that, if he was a Jew, then he may well return, since good deeds (Rashi says here 'Tefilah') could avert the disaster which the stars foretold.

(b) When the man returned, Avalat inspected his things, and discovered that his bundle of canes had cut a snake that had been about to pounce on him, in two.

(c) It transpired that that man belonged to a group that used to pool their food, and that, on that day, he had seen how one of the group did not have any food to put into the kitty; so, pretending to take from him, he gave some of his own food on his behalf. This is hinted in the Pasuk in Mishlei, which says "u'Tzedakah Tatzil mi'Maves".

(d) We can also learn the concept of 'Ein Mazel le'Yisrael'...

1. ... from Rebbi Akiva's daughter - who was destined to die on the day of her wedding. Some time on her wedding day, she stuck her hat-pin into the wall behind her, and in the process, she pierced a snake that was about to attack her, and killed it. When her father asked her what good deed she had performed that day, she told him how she had given her wedding portion to a poor man to whom nobody else had paid any attention.
2. ... from Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak - who was destined to be a thief. However, the special head-gear that his mother made him (to cover his head, to increase his Yir'as Shamayim - at a time when it was not customary to do so) - , prevented this prediction from coming true. Once, his head-gear slipped off whilst he was sitting under someone else's fruit-tree, and, on impulse, he got up and picked some of the fruit.
(a) 'Mechatchin es ha'Delu'in Lifnei ha'Beheimah, ve'es ha'Neveilah Lifnei ha'Kelavim'. The common Chidush - is that although both of these were fit for humans when Shabbos came in, and not for animals, one may nevertheless feed them to the animals, should they become fit during the course of Shabbos.

(b) According to Rebbi Yehudah, who holds of Muktzah - it is forbidden to feed an animal which died on Yom-Tov, since it had not not been fit for animals *before* Yom-Tov.

(c) 'Karchi de'Zuzi' (which Rav forbids) - are large mats which are used to cover cargo whilst it is being transported by boat.

(d) Levi used to examine animals that were Safek Tereifah - by a trash-heap, so that, should they turn out to be Tereifah, it would not be necessary to move them. They could just be left were they were.

(a) Ze'iri, who holds like Rebbi Shimon regarding Muktzah, establishes the Mishnah 'Beheimah she'Meisah, Lo Yezizenah mi'Mekomah' - by an animal which is Kodshim, and which one may not feed to the animals. Consequently, even Rebbi Shimon will agree that this is the Halachah.

(b) The Mishnah in Beitzah, which forbids chopping up beams that were designated for building purposes, and a beam which broke on Yom-Tov - may well be a Stam Mishnah (like which Rebbi Yochanan always concurs); however, Rebbi Yochanan has another Stam Mishnah (above on Daf 143a), which holds like Rebbi Shimon. The Mishnah there quotes Beis Shamai as saying that one may remove the bones and the shells from the table, and Beis Hillel disagrees. And Rebbi Yochanan agrees with Rav Nachman, who inverts the opinions. According to him, it is Beis Hillel who permits the removal of bones and shells from the table, and Beis Shamai who forbids it - and Beis Hillel is considered a Stam Mishnah (even when they argue with Beis Shamai).

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