ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafShabbos 96
(a) Gezuztera'os are projections that protrude from of a wall, on which
planks are placed.
The Rabbanan maintain that someone who throws in the above case, is Patur,
because it is above ten Tefachim (see Sugya later, 97a).
(b) 'ha'Zorek me'Reshus ha'Yachid li'Reshus ha'Yachid, u'Reshus ha'Rabim
be'Emtza', refers to someone who throws from one Reshus ha'Yachid to
another ha'Yachid alongside it (but not across the street), via the Reshus
(c) The reason for the difference is because, whereas the Levi'im would
hand the planks from one wagon (which was a Reshus ha'Yachid) to the wagon
standing *in front* of it - along the street -, they never had occasion to
hand them from one wagon to a wagon standing *beside* it in the Reshus
ha'Rabim - across it.
(a) We learn from the Pasuk in Vayakhel "va'Yetzav Moshe, va'Ya'aviru Kol
ba'Machaneh" - the Melachah of Hotza'ah - i.e. the prohibition of carrying
from the Reshus ha'Yachid (from their private homes) to the Reshus
ha'ha'Rabim (Machaneh Levi'ah).
(b) We know that the announcement was a matter of Halachah, and not just
one of practicality (because they had sufficient materials), from a
Gezeirah Shavah "Ha'avarah" "Ha'avarah" - from Yom Kipur of Yovel, where
the Torah writes "ve'Ha'avarta Shofar Teru'ah" (Behar); just as over there,
there is an Isur on the day, so too here, we are speaking when there is an
Isur on the day (the Derashah is extremely unclear, since the Pasuk by Yom
Kipur is talking about the Yovel, and not about the Isur Melachah - see
Tosfos DH 'u'Mimai', who, in the name of Rabeinu Chananel, learns it from
the Lashon of the Pasuk "Ish ve'Ishah Al Ya'asu Od *Melachah* ba'Boker
(c) We know the Isur of Hachnasah from a Sevara: If one is Chayav for
carrying from a Reshus ha'Yachid to a Reshus ha'Rabim, then why should one
not also be Chayav for carrying from a Reshus ha'Rabim to a Reshus
(d) Yes! In spite of the Sevara, the Hotza'ah is an Av, Hachnasah, a
(a) Whether one transgresses an Av or a Toldah, one is Chayav a Chatas -
be'Shogeg, and Kares or Sekilah - be'Mezid. The difference between them is
that someone who transgresses two different Avos or two Toldos of two
different Avos, is Chayav *two* Chata'os; whereas for an Av and its Toldah,
or for two Toldos of the same Av, one would need to bring only *one*
(b) According to Rebbi Eliezer, one is Chayav *two* Chata'os for
transgressing and Av and its Toldah.
(c) According to Rebbi Eliezer, there really is no practical difference
between an Av and a Toldah - other than that any significant Melachah that
was performed in the Mishkan is referred to as an Av, and any Melachah that
was not, or, even if it was, but it was not significant, is referred to as
(a) Someone who throws four Amos on a wall *above* ten Tefachim, is Patur,
*below* ten Tefachim, he is Chayav'. This speaks when he throws a sticky
object, such as a dried fig, which then sticks to the side of the wall.
(b) He is Patur if it lands above ten Tefachim, because the air above ten
Tefachim no longer belongs to the Reshus ha'Rabim, but is a Makom Petur.
(c) If it lands below ten Tefachim, he is Chayav, because it has landed in
the Reshus ha'Rabim. It cannot be considered a Karmelis or a Makom Petur,
since it has not landed on a specific area - only in the air (and a
Karmelis and a Makom Petur are defined as specific areas).
1. The weavers of the curtains would hardly have thrown their needles to
each other - because why would weavers need needles?
(b) They would avoid knocking each other, by sitting with their looms, in a
2. Nor would the people who sewed the curtains need to throw their needles
to each other - since they probably worked one beside the other, and would
therefore have been able to hand them to one another without throwing them.
3. As for the weavers throwing the shuttle between the walls of the
weaving-loom - there are two reasons why they would not be Chayav for doing
that either (A) because they would still be holding on to the thread, and
one is not Chayav unless one leaves go of the end; or (B) because the space
between the walls of the weaving-loom is no more than a Makom Petur, for
which he would not be Chayav anyway.
4. The weavers would not need to throw the shuttle to one another (at
least, not a distance of four Amos), since they worked next to each other.
(c) We learn from the Pasuk "Ish Ish mi'Melachto Asher Hemah Osim" - that
each person who worked for the Mishkan was given his own tools, and that it
was unnecessary to borrow from one another.
(a) The Gemara has no suggestions as to how carrying four Amos in the
street was performed in the Mishkan.
(b) Therefore, it immediately concludes that carrying four Amos in the
street, is Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai, and that is also the only genuine
source for *throwing* four Amos in the street.
(a) The three Melachos which the 'Mekoshesh' might have transgressed - are
carrying four Amos in the street (Ma'avir), cutting wood (from the tree)
(Tolesh), or piling up wood (Me'amer).
(b) Rav found a Megilas Setarim, in which Isi ben Yehudah wrote that there
is one Melachah for which one is not Chayav Misah. Once we know for which
Melachah the Mekoshesh was Chayav, we know that *that* Melachah is not the
one in question.
(c) A Megilas Setarim - is notes which the Tana'im used to write secretly,
and to hide - since writing Torah she'be'Al Peh in an official capacity,
(a) Rebbi Akiva learns from the Gezeirah Shavah "Vayihyu B'nei Yisrael
*ba'Midbar*, va'Yimtze'u Ish" & "Avinu Mes ba'Midbar" - that the Mekoshesh
(b) Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira argued that if the Torah made a point of
hiding the name of the Mekoshesh - even if it *was* Tzelafchad - then who
was Rebbi Akiva to reveal it? If on the other hand, he was wrong, he was
being Motzi Shem Ra on that Tzadik!
(c) A 'Gezeirah Shavah' is only valid if it was handed down from one's
Rebbe's, and Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira did not receive this Gezeirah Shavah
from his Rebbes.
(d) According to Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira, Tzelafchad was one of the
Ma'pilim - those who rebelled after the Meraglim, who insisted on going
forward to fight, after Moshe had warned them not to go - a serious sin,
but not as severe as Chilul Shabbos.