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1) TWO DEATHS OR TWO KORBANOS
QUESTION: The Gemara says that Shmuel learns the concept of Chiluk Melachos (that doing multiple Melachos on a single Shabbos will be Mechayev him to bring multiple Korbanos) from the verse "Mechaleleha *Mos Yumas*" -- "He who desecrates Shabbos *shall die, he shall die*" (Shemos 31:14), which implies that one who desecrates Shabbos is Chayav more than one death. This means, according to Shmuel, that one is Chayav more than one *Korban* for desecrating the Shabbos inadvertently, by doing multiple Melachos. The Gemara points out that even though the simple meaning of the verse is that he is Chayav more than one death for desecrating Shabbos intentionally, we may nevertheless use this verse to teach us about inadvertent desecration, because there is another verse that teaches us the Chiyuv for one who desecrates Shabbos intentionally.
70b2) IF ONE FORGOT BOTH SHABBOS AND MELACHOS
OPINIONS: Rav Nachman and Rav Ashi argue in case where a person forgot both that it was Shabbos and that this act is forbidden on Shabbos. Rav Nachman says that he is Chayav only one Korban, because it was his Ha'alamah of Shabbos that caused him to sin, while Rav Ashi says that it depends on what we determine his Ha'alamah to have been; if he ceases from doing the transgression when we tell him that today is Shabbos, then he is Chayav only one Korban (because his sin was done in He'elem Shabbos). If he ceases when we tell him that what he is doing is a Melachah, then he is Chayav to bring a Korban for each Melachah that he did (He'elem Melachos).Next daf(a) RASHI (DH Iy) explains that if we tell him that it is Shabbos and as a result he stops doing Melachah, then that shows that he was acting in He'elem Shabbos, and he is Chayav to bring only one Korban. Similarly, if we tell him that performing the Melachah on Shabbos is forbidden and as a result he stops doing Melachah, we know that his Ha'alamah was He'elem Melachah and he is Chayav to bring two Korbanos (or a Korban for every Melachah that he performed)..
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