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Shabbos 156

1) [line 1] MESHANEI - he does it in a unusual manner
2) [line 3] BOCHASHIN - one may stir with a spoon
3) [line 3] SHATIS - (a) a food made from flour that was ground from oven-dried unripe grain (RASHI Berachos 38a); (b) boiled flour mixed with water or other liquids (RAMBAM Hilchos Berachos 3:3)

4) [line 3] ZISOM HA'MITZRI - Egyptian beer. It is composed of one part wheat or barley, one part safflower and one part salt (see Shabbos 110a)

5) [line 9] D'VEI NESHEI - of the house of his father (TOSFOS 23b DH d'Vei)
6) [line 10] BATASH BEI - he kicked him
7) [line 15] SHESI V'EREV - one time lengthwise and one time widthwise
8) [line 24] GEVER V'LO CHADA BEI - a person who has *only* good or bad attributes
9) [line 25] L'VISHU - [not one] bad [quality]
10) [line 28] RAGZAN - angry
11) [line 29] ATIR - wealthy
12) [line 29] V'ZANA'I YEHE - and he will be a adulterer
13) [line 30] NAHIR - (a) with a bright countenance (RASHI); (b) with a good memory (ARUCH)

14) [line 32] CHAZRAN - that searches for Mitzvos to do
15a) [line 33] DEB'SHABATA YEHEI - that is born on Shabbos
b) [line 34] D'ACHILU ALOHI YOMA RABA D'SHABATA - since people were force to profane the great day of Shabbos because of him (when he was born)

16) [line 34] KADISHA RABA YISKEREI - he will be called "The Great Holy Person"
17) [line 36] MAZAL SHA'AH - see Graphic #7 and Insights to Daf 129:1-3
18) [line 36] ZIVTAN - with a bright countenance
19) [line 37] RAZOHI GALYAN - his secrets will be revealed
20a) [line 37] B'KOCHAV NOGAH - during the hour when the planet Venus "rules" the heavenly hosts
b) [line 38] B'KOCHAV - during the hour of Mercury
21) [line 39] SAFRA D'CHAMA HU - it is the scribe of the Sun. Mercury always trails the sun, just as the scribe follows the nobleman who employs him

22a) [line 40] YEHEI GEVER SAVIL MAR'IN - will be a person who suffers from diseases
b) [line 40] BANAI V'SATIR - he will build and tear down
23) [line 41] RAZOHI KASYAN - he secrets are hidden
24) [line 41] SHABTAI - Saturn
25) [line 42] TZEDEK - Jupiter
26) [line 43] ASHID DAMA - a murderer
27) [line 44] UMANA - a blood-letter
28) [line 47] "KO AMAR ..." - "Thus says HaSh-m, learn not the way of the nations, and be not alarmed by the signs of heaven; for the nations are alarmed by them." (Yirmeyahu 10:2)

29) [line 52] ITZTAGNINUS - astrological predictions; horoscope


30) [line 2] "MI HE'IR ..." - "Who raised up one from the east whom righteousness met wherever he set his foot?" (Yeshayahu 41:2) - The Gemara reads this verse as "Who caused Tzedek (Avraham's Mazal) to rise in the east at the time that (astronomically) it should have been in the west?" According to Rabeinu ha'Levi, the east symbolizes warmth and fruitfulness while the west symbolizes cold and barrenness

31) [line 6] TARIK LEI CHIVYA - he will be bitten by a snake
32) [line 9] SHADYEI L'TUNEI - he (Avlat) threw down the [Jewish worker's] load [of cut reeds]

33) [line 10] D'PASIK V'SHADI B'TARTEI GUVEI - that was cut in two pieces (he chopped the snake in half while cutting down the reeds)

34) [line 11] MERAMINAN RIFTA - [each person] puts bread into a communal basket
35) [line 13] MICHSIF - he was embarrassed
36) [line 14] ANA KA'IMNA V'ARMINA - I will collect the bread today
37a) [line 20] KALDA'EI - stargazers; astrologers
b) [line 20] BEI GENANA - the Chupah (wedding canopy)
38) [line 21] DE'IGA - he was anxiety-ridden
39) [line 23] MACHBANTA - hair-pin; brooch
40) [line 23] DATZTA B'GUDA - she stuck it into [a hole in] the wall
41) [line 25] KA SARICH V'ASI - [the dead snake] trailed after it (as she pulled out the hair-pin)

42) [line 27] KARA A'BAVA - he called at the gate
43) [line 29] RISTENAI - (O.F. amenestraison) my portion (of cooked meat)
44) [line 33] BREICH GANVA HAVA - your son will be a thief
45) [line 34] KASI REISHEICH - cover your head
46) [line 36] ALMEI YITZREI - his evil inclination got the better of him
47) [line 37] PASKEI L'KIVURA B'SHINEI - he gnawed off a whole cluster of dates with his teeth, from a date palm that did not belong to him

48) [line 37] DELU'IN - gourds


(a) MUKTZAH - The word Muktzah literally means "set aside at the brink [of one's intentions for use]." The term is used to describe items that are set aside not to be used right now, such as wood stacked in a barn. In a broader sense, the word Muktzah includes anything that a person does not intend to use or did not intend to use during Bein ha'Shemashos at the start of Shabbos, for whatever reason it may be.

(b) THE ARGUMENT OF THE TANA'IM - Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon argue as to whether one may move or use on Shabbos items that fit into certain categories of Muktzah. There are at least six different categories of Muktzah over which Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon disagree [(1) Hiktzehu mi'Da'ato; (2) Nolad; (3) Muktzah Machmas Isur; (4) Muktzah Machmas Mi'us; (5) Keli she'Melachto Eino Ela l'Isur; (6) Muchan l'Adam Eino Muchan l'Kelavim.] On Shabbos, objects that fit into one of these categories may not be moved according to Rebbi Yehudah. There are other categories of Muktzah which may not be moved according to both Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon [such as (1) Muktzah Machmas Gufo; (2) Huktzah l'Mitzvaso; (3) Davar she'Eino Ra'uy she'Decha'o b'Ydayim; (4) Davar he'Asur Bein ha'Shemashos she'Lo Chashav she'Yavo l'Ydei Heter b'Shabbos; (5) Muktzah Machmas Chisaron Kis.]

(c ) MUCHAN L'ADAM EINO MUCHAN L'KELAVIM is the type of Muktzah that our Sugya is discussing. It is important to note that there are two distinct types of Muktzah which may be included in this expression: (1) If the laws of Shabbos or Yom Tov prevent man from using an object. For example, on Shabbos, a live animal is not fit for human use since it is forbidden to slaughter an animal on Shabbos. Even though live animals are sometimes fed to dogs, since this animal is not fit for *humans* at present it is Muktzah (even according to Rebbi Shimon) and may not be fed to dogs. (2) If something happens to an object *on Shabbos* that makes it unfit for man, it may not even be fed to dogs, according to Rebbi Yehudah. (This is a form of Nolad). For example, if an animal was alive before Yom Tov (and was fit for man, since he could slaughter and eat it on Yom Tov) and then died on Yom Tov, becoming unfit for man, Rebbi Yehudah prohibits feeding it to dogs. Rebbi Shimon permits feeding it to dogs, and he is the Tana Kama of our Mishnah.

50) [line 39] AReL (SHaCHaZ) [SHaZaCH] SIMAN - a mnemonic device to remember the names of the Amora'im that follow. It stands for *U*la, *R*av, *L*evi, *SH*muel, *Z*e'iri and Rebbi Yo*ch*anan. The first three rule like Rebbi Yehudah and the last three rule like Rebbi Shimon.

51) [line 41] MID'KARCHEI D'ZUZEI - from the case of Karchei d'Zuzei, a pair of mats used to cover merchandise on a boat (see also TOSFOS 19b DH Hani)

52) [line 42] TERIFTA - an animal that is a *possible* Tereifah. A Treifah is an animal with one of the 18 signs described in Chulin 42a. There is a Machlokes Tanaim whether an animal like this can live for twelve months or not.

53) [line 43] A'KILKALITA - on a garbage heap

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