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Shabbos 150

1) [line 2] "U'RVU YESEIRAH ..." - "and still more greatness was added to me." (Daniel 4:33) - In order to show Nevuchadnetzar that the world is ruled by HaSh-m and that his glory was given to him by HaSh-m, it was decreed that he live like a beast in the fields for seven years. He ate grass like oxen, his hair grew like eagles' feathers and his nails grew like birds' claws. After seven years he lifted up his eyes to heaven and blessed, praised and honored HaSh-m, and his reason and understanding returned to him. He returned to his former glory as king of the known world, receiving added dominion over the wild beasts of the fields.

2) [line 8] EIN MACHASHICHIN AL HA'TECHUM - it is forbidden to walk to the farthest limit of the Techum Shabbos and stay there until the end of Shabbos, with intention to leave the Techum when Shabbos departs for the sake of doing an activity that on Shabbos is prohibited

(a) Shevus refers to actions that the Rabanan prohibited on Shabbos. The Torah states "uva'Yom ha'Shevi'i Tishbos" ("and you shall rest on the seventh day") (Shemos 23:12). The Rabanan learn that this applies even to things that are not Melachos, and as a result they prohibited actions that were permitted mid'Oraisa (see Shabbos 114b).
(b) Telling a non-Jew to do Melachah for a Jew is one of the Shevus decrees. Even though non-Jews transgress no prohibition by doing Melachah on Shabbos, the Rabanan prohibited telling them to do Melachah for Jews. This prohibition applies even if they are told on Friday, and even if the Melachah is only needed after Shabbos. (see RAMBAM Hilchos Shabbos, Chapter 6)

4) [line 17] HA'NIR'EH SHE'TA'AMOD IMI LA'EREV - do you think that you can meet me this evening?

*5*) [line 35] ASUR LIKROS KERI'AS SHEMA KENEGDO - One may not read Shema before him, but one *may* think about Torah matters before a non-Jew -- or even a Jew -- that is not dressed.

6a) [line 45] MEFAKCHIN PIKU'ACH NEFESH - we may discuss on Shabbos matters that may lead to life-saving situations
b) [line 45] PIKU'ACH RABIM - matters that concern the public, such as speaking to government officials

7a) [line 48] TARTEYA'OS - theaters b) [line 48] KIRKESA'OS - circuses, places of amusement c) [line 49] BASILKA'OS - basilacas, a building with colonnades used as a meeting place for merchants and exchange, and as a forum

9a) [line 54] CHESHBONOS SHEL MELACH - (a) the word "Melach" comes from the root of the word that means "counsel" - calculations that do not concern the person who is making them, i.e. it would cost such and such to build such a house, when he has no intention of building; (b) alt. SHEL MALACH (Mah Lach, lit. "what are they to you?") calculations of no practical purpose. (RASHI) (c) Others suggest, SHEL MEILECH, or counting his *guests* (ARUCH)
b) [line 54] SHEL MAH B'CHACH - (lit. "what is in it?") of no practical purpose


11) [line 8] D'IKA AGRA D'AGIDA GABEI - he still has to pay the wage of the hired laborer
12) [line 13] TZELAF - caper-berry bush
14) [line 24] TIVNA SARYA - rotted straw
15) [line 28] L'MIGZA LEI ASA - to cut for him a myrtle branch
16) [line 39] BEIN HA'GITOS SHANU - at the time of the pressing of the grapes in the field

17) [line 40] AVDINAN TZORCHIN - we do any Melachos that we have to
18) [line 41] MESALTINAN SILTEI - (a) we would cut chips of wood (RASHI); (b) we would tear apart the fibers that grow around palm trees which results in a fine flour (RABEINU CHANANEL 74b)

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