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Shabbos 148

1) [line 3] ADA DAILA - Ada the officer (O.F. menestrel), attendant to the Rabbis
2) [line 3] GARVEI - seize his clothes
3) [line 10] SHANYA LEI YADEI - his hand became dislocated (O.F. esloisier)
4) [line 11] ISPACH YADEI - his hand was healed
5) [line 17] [ATU] KULHU B'CHADA MACHATA MACHTINHU? - lit. "Are they all woven in one tapestry?" or "Are they all stitched together with one stitch?" - "Did Shmuel always rule contrary to the Mishnah regarding healing limbs?"

*****PEREK #23 SHO'EL*****

6a) [line 25] HASH'ILEINI - lend me for a short period of time
b) [line 26] HALVEINI - lend me for an extended period of time, e.g. for thirty days (RASHI); Tosfos explains that "Hash'ileini" is *usually* used in reference to something which is itself returned, whereas "Halveini" is used to reference to something whose exchange is returned, e.g. money

7) [line 32] D'MALYAN CHATZAVAIHU MAYA - that fill their pitchers with water
8a) [line 33] CHATZVA RABA - a large pitcher
b) [line 33] CHATZVA ZUTA - a small pitcher
9) [line 33] KA MAFSHU B'HILUCHA - they will increase the amount of walking they have to do on Yom Tov


10) [line 1] NIFROS SUDRA - let them spread a cloth over it
*11*) [line 1] NECHASYEI B'NACHTEMA - let them cover it with a wooden cover (This makes it more inconspicuous. The Gemara is suggesting that any minimal change should be made, to remind people that it is Yom Tov - Rashi Beitzah 36a.)

12) [line 2] L'MIKTEREI - to tie the string that holds the cover to the pitcher, thus violating the prohibition of Kosher (tying)

13) [line 4] LO MESAPKIN - it is forbidden to clap (which was done publicly as a sign of mourning)

14) [line 4] LO METAPCHIN - it is forbidden to beat the heart (which was done publicly as a sign of mourning)

15) [line 4] LO MERAKDIN - it is forbidden to dance
16) [line 7] A'PUMA D'LECHAYA - at the entrance (lit. mouth) [of a Mavoy], at the point where the Lechi stands (the plank or pole which is used to permit carrying in a Mavoy by reminding a person not to carry into Reshus ha'Rabim)

17) [line 7] DILMA MIGANDER LEI CHEFETZ - lest an object roll away from him
18) [line 8] D'MOSVEI CHATZAVEI - that they set down their pitchers
19) [line 9] V'YASVAN A'PUMA D'MAVO'AH - and sit at the entrance of the Mavoy
20) [line 19] AD SHE'TEI'ASENAH DAMIM - until they figure out its value
21) [line 21] HA B'ASRA D'KITZ DAMEI - our Mishnah is discussing a place where the loaves always have a fixed value. If the price goes up, she will pay the price of the loaf at the time that she borrowed it.

22) [line 24] LO NITNAH LITAVA - the case will not be heard by Beis Din
23) [line 30] LO BA'INA D'LEIKUM B'DINA V'DAYANA - "I do not need the nuisance of going to court, finding judges who will hear the case, etc."

(a) The Torah requires that all loans shall be canceled every seventh year, as it states in Devarim 15:2, "Shamot Kol Ba'al Masheh Yado" - "every creditor that lends anything to his neighbor shall release it." To demand payment of a loan after the Shemitah year is a violation of the prohibition of "Lo Yigos Es Re'ehu v'Es Achiv" - "he shall not exact it of his neighbor or of his brother" (ibid.)

(b) Hashmatas Kesafim applies mid'Oraisa only when the Yovel year is in practice. Mid'Rabanan it applies today, whether inside or outside Eretz Yisrael.

(c) Most Rishonim rule that the Shemitah year cancels loans at the *end* of the year, on the last day of the month of Elul. (RAMBAM Hilchos Shemitah v'Yovel 9:1-4)

25) [line 39] MA'ARIM I'ARUMEI - used a seemingly deceptive act to insure that the loan he gave on Yom Tov would be returned, e.g. to take an object after Yom Tov from the person who borrowed from him

26) [line 42] B'MEMANEH ACHEIRIM IMO - in a case where he appointed others to join in his Pesach sacrifice on Shabbos (and not that he first designated the animal as a sacrifice on Shabbos)

27) [line 43] EIN NIMNIN AL HA'BEHEMAH - it is prohibited on Yom Tov to apportion an animal among the people for whom it will be slaughtered. It is similar to buying and selling.

28) [line 47] HEKDESH ILUY MID'RABANAN - an extra Hekdesh required by the Chachamim

29) [line 48] LO MA'ARICHIN (ERCHIN)
Erech (= endowment valuation) refers to a special form of vow. If a person declares, "Erech Ploni Alay" ("I accept upon myself to give the endowment value of so and so to Hekdesh"), he must give the specific value that the Torah designates for the person's gender and age group as stated in Vayikra 27:1-8. It makes no difference at all whether the person is healthy or sick, strong or weak.

1 Mo.-5 Yrs. 5 Shekels 3 Shekels
5-20 Yrs. 20 Shekels 10 Shekels
20-60 Yrs. 50 Shekels 30 Shekels
OVER 60 Yrs. 15 Shekels 10 Shekels

There are two types of Charamim (a type of vow or pledge): a) Chermei Kohanim, which are given to the Kohanim for their personal use and can no longer be redeemed from the Kohen;
b) Chermei Shamayim, which are given to the Beis ha'Mikdash for the Bedek ha'Bayis and which can be redeemed like any other Hekdesh.

31) [line 51] PARPEROSAV - his portions of delicacies; appetizers and deserts

32) [line 51] MEFIS - he may cast lots
*33*) [line 52] SHE'LO YISKAVEN LA'ASON MANAH GEDOLAH - that is, the lots are being cast just to see who will receive their portion first (TOSFEFTA)

34) [last line] MATILIN CHALASHIN - it is permitted to cast lots
35) [last line] MANOS - (a) the portions of Kodshim that were offered before Yom Tov (RASHI); (b) portions of Chulin (specifically not Kodshim. It is permissible to cast lots on Yom Tov even for Kodshim that were offered before Yom Tov as an expression of love for the Mitzvah - RAMBAM Hilchos Yom Tov 4:20)

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