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Shabbos 141

1) [line 5] LO YENA'ANE'O - he may not move it
2a) [line 6] KAR - bolster, mattress
b) [line 7] SADIN - sheet
3) [line 7] MACHBESH - (O.F. presse) a press consisting of two long boards, of which the lower is fixed and the upper can move up and down along poles that are placed into holes in its four corners. Clothes are arranged on the lower board and the upper board is brought down on the clothes and held tight with pegs that are inserted into holes in the poles.

4) [line 10] SHOMTO - and he removes his garment
5) [line 11] PUGLA - radish
6) [line 16] TILTUL MIN HA'TZAD - moving something in an indirect manner -- see Insights to Shabbos 44:1

*7*) [line 17] AMAR RAV YEHUDAH, HANEI PILPELI - From here until the end of the Perek, the Gemara sums up the Halachos of Shabbos by discussing assorted Melachos that are prohibited only mid'Rabanan. The discussion begins with crushing peppercorns with a Shinuy, since moving items with a Shinuy was discussed in our Mishnah (TOSFOS DH Hani).

8) [line 18] PILPELEI - peppercorns
9) [line 18] MEIDAK CHADA CHADA - one may crush them one at a time
10) [line 18] B'KATA D'SAKINA - with the handle of a knife
11) [line 19] KEIVAN D'MESHANEI - since he is grinding it in an unusual manner
12) [line 20] D'SACHI B'MAYA - who bathes in [the] water [of a river]
13) [line 21] LINGIV NAFSHEI - he should dry himself
14) [line 27] HA BINYAN CHAKLA'AH HU - (lit. this is a boorish way to build) this is not a normal way to build. Even if he intended to build in this way he would not be Chayav; all the more so since he wiped mortar off of his shoe with no intention to build. (RITVA)

15) [line 34] A'PUMEI D'LEICHAYA - at the entrance (lit. mouth) [to a Mavoy], outside of the place where the Lechi stands (the plank or pole which is used to permit carrying in a Mavoy by reminding a person not to carry into Reshus ha'Rabim)

16) [line 35] MIGANDERA LEI CHEFETZ - [lest] an object roll away from him
17) [line 36] LO LITZDAD INISH KUVA - a person should not set a heavy cask into place [on an earthen floor]

18) [line 38] UDRA - stuffing material
19) [line 38] B'FUMA D'SHISHA - into the mouth of a pitcher
20) [line 39] MEKASKESO MI'BIFNIM - he rubs the garment on the inside
21) [last line] MEGARERIN - one may scrape


22) [line 2] SAMI DIDACH MEKAMEI HA D'TANI REBBI CHIYA - withdraw yours (your teaching) because of this Beraisa that Rebbi Chiya taught

23) [line 7] MIS'AGEL - and he may roll
24) [line 7] KATAVLA - a hardened sheet of leather used to cover a table or a bed
25) [line 8] L'TZACHTZECHO - to make the shoe shiny
26) [line 15] MERUPAT - torn in a noticeable place
27) [line 20] IMUS - (O.F. forme) a last, a footlike shape on which a shoemaker makes and repairs shoes

28) [line 28] B'RAFUY - when the shoe is loosely placed on the last (and can be removed without moving the last)

*****PEREK #21 NOTEL*****

29) [line 38] KALKALAH - a basket

30) [line 40] MEDUMA
(a) Terumah only becomes Batel if one part of Terumah falls into at least 100 parts of Chulin. Even if the Terumah is Batel, it is forbidden for non-Kohanim to eat the entire mixture; the equivalent of the amount of Terumah that fell in must first be removed.

(b) If the percentage of Terumah that fell into the Chulin was greater than one in one hundred, the mixture is known as *Meduma* (lit. mixed) and is forbidden to be eaten by non-Kohanim.

(c) According to Tosfos in Chulin 99a DH Ein, this law applies only if the Terumah was the same type of food as the Chulin; otherwise Terumah is Batel just like any other Isur.

31) [line 43] CHAI NOSEI ES ATZMO
(a) The Torah does not prohibit carrying *live* people (or animals, according to Rebbi Nasan) from one Reshus to another on Shabbos, because the live person "carries himself."

(b) The commentaries offer various explanations to explain *why* one is exempt for such a Hotza'ah. (The Gemara's statement that the live person "carries himself" is very ambiguous.) According to TOSFOS (95a DH she'ha'Chai as explained by KORBAN NESAN'EL on the Rosh, #6), this means that the act of carrying live objects is a different class of carrying. Since it was not done in the Mishkan, it is not included in the Melachah of Hotza'ah.


(a) When a person performs a Melachah (one of the 39 creative acts that are forbidden on Shabbos) on Shabbos intentionally but is interested in a secondary result, rather than the primary result, of the action, it is called Melachah she'Einah Tzerichah l'Gufa. For example, if a person digs a hole not because he needs the hole but rather because he needs the sand, it is considered a Melachah she'Einah Tzerichah l'Gufah (Chagigah 11a).

(b) When such a Melachah is performed, Rebbi Yehudah rules that one is Chayav since it is considered to be a Melachah mid'Oraisa, while Rebbi Shimon rules that he is Patur and that it is only prohibited mid'Rabanan.

(c) There are a number of opinions in the Rishonim as to what exactly is considered the "primary" result, and what is the "secondary" result of a Melachah (See Insights to Shabbos 93:3 for details).

33) [last line] GI'AGU'IN - extreme love, longing (of a boy for his father)

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