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1) [line 6] DAVAR SHE'EIN MISKAVEN
(b) The laws of a Davar she'Eino Miskaven (that it is permitted according to Rebbi Shimon or forbidden mid'Rabanan according to Rebbi Yehudah) apply only when it is not inevitable that a Melachah will occur as a result of one's action. However, when a Melachah will definitely occur as a result of one's action, this is a Pesik Reshei and is forbidden. (For example, if a person cut the head off of a chicken and states that he had no intention to kill the animal but he merely wanted its blood to feed to his dogs, it is considered as though he had full intention to kill the animal since it was an inevitable outcome of his act, and he is Chayav.)
(c) A person must have specific *intent* to do a Melachah on Shabbos in order to be liable for punishment or to be required to bring a Korban. Therefore, if a person does an action that *does* result in a Melachah being performed inadvertently, even Rebbi Yehudah will agree that the person is not obligated to bring a Korban, since the Melachah was done accidentally. Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon argue only as to whether it is permitted *in the first place* to perform an action that may result in a Melachah. (See Insights to Shabbos 41:2)
2) [line 9] PESIK REISHEI V'LO YAMUS
(a) An act which is a Pesik Reshei is a type of Davar she'Eino Miskaven. See above, #1.
(b) The laws of a Davar she'Eino Miskaven (that it is permitted according
to Rebbi Shimon or forbidden mid'Rabanan according to Rebbi Yehudah) apply
only when it is not inevitable that a Melachah will occur as a result of
one's action. However, when a Melachah will definitely occur as a result of
one's action, this is a Pesik Reshei and is forbidden. (For example, if a
person cut the head off of a chicken and states that he had no intention to
kill the animal but he merely wanted its blood to feed to his dogs, it is
considered as though he had full intention to kill the animal since it was
an inevitable outcome of his act, and he is Chayav.)
(c) Even though the laws of a Pesik Reshei differ from a Davar she'Eino
Miskaven, nevertheless if the Melachah which inevitably occurs as a result
of one's action is *not desirable* to him, he will not be Chayav according
to Rebbi Shimon, because it is no worse than a Melachah she'Einah Tzerichah
l'Gufah (103a, Tosfos). Some maintain that such a Pesik Reshei is even
permissible l'Chatchilah to perform on Shabbos according to Rebbi Shimon,
and it is like any other Davar she'Eino Miskaven (Aruch, cited in Tosfos
103a; see Insights to Shabbos 110:1).
3) [line 16] SIV - the fibrous substance (just under the surface of the palm-tree) with which one ties his shoes.
4) [line 17] MOT - a pole used for carrying
5) [line 31] "LO SOSIRU MIMENU AD BOKER [VEHA'NOSAR MIMENU AD BOKER BA'ESH
(b) Tana d'Bei Chizkiyah learn that this verse teaches a general rule about Yom Tov. Anything, even a Mitzvah, whose principal time of obligation is not on Yom Tov, may not desecrate Yom Tov. The Pesach sacrifice is offered on the fourteenth of Nisan, which is not Yom Tov. Its leftovers may not be burned on Yom Tov. A Milah where the eighth day is not Yom Tov likewise may not be performed on Yom Tov.
6) [line 44] POR'IN - [after the circumcision has been performed,] we may peel off the layer of skin that covers the tip of the Ever
7) [line 44] MOTZETZIN - [after the Peri'ah, we may compress the blood vessels of the wound by] sucking
8) [line 45] ISPELANIS - a compress
14) [line 3] TZITZIN - small strips of skin
16) [line 22] SHNEI SEDARIM
(b) The loaves are separated by wooden rods (*Kanin*) to allow air to circulate so that the bread will not spoil.
(c) A Kometz (the amount that will fit under the middle three fingers when they are pressed upon the palm) of Levonah (frankincense) in a Bazach (bowl) is placed alongside each stack. Only the Levonah is offered on the Mizbe'ach.
(d) The loaves had the shape of a box with the top and both ends removed. Each loaf was 5 Tefachim wide (15"). Its base was 5 X 6 Tefachim (15" X 18"). Its sides were bent up 2 Tefachim (6") on each side.
(e) In order to strengthen the walls of the loaves, pieces of dough 7 Etzba'os (5 1/4") by one Tefach (3") were placed on the corners.
(f) The Gemara (Pesachim 37a) says that the loaves were a Tefach thick. It is referring to the thickness of the sides (RASHI, TASHBATZ); that is, the pieces of dough placed in the corners (TIFERES YISRAEL).
17) [line 22] SHNEI BAZICHIN - two bowls [of Levonah ]
18) [line 25] TEFACHO SHEL ZEH B'TZAD TEFACHO SHEL ZEH - (a) as the Kohanim replaced the Lechem ha'Panim, they were careful that there would not be more than a Tefach of space in between them (see Tosefta Menachos 11:7), to fulfill the requirement that there must be an unceasing presence of Lechem ha'Panim on the Golden Table; (b) the Tefach-thickness (see above, #16f) of the new loaf would correspond to the Tefach-thickness of the old loaf (so that the Table would continuously have Lechem ha'Panim on it)
19) [line 27] MEHALKETIN ES HA'MILAH - (a) the Mohel must cut off (lit. *to gather*) all strips of flesh that are part of the Orlah (RABEINU CHANANEL); (b) the Mohel must cut off all of the Orlah (including all strips of flesh that are part of the Orlah) which is like a *Yalkut* (pouch) around the Atarah
20) [line 28] UMAN - the Mohe
22) [line 36] AMRAH LI EM - my "mother" told me (Abaye was an orphan and he called his nursemaid "Em")
23) [line 37] D'CHULHON KEIVEI - of all pains/sores
26) [line 38] KAR'INHU BENEI MINYOMI ASYA L'MANAIHU - the sons of Minyomi the doctor tore their clothes
27) [line 38] SHAVKI LECHU CHADA - I left one remedy for you (which I did not reveal to the public)
28) [last line] NIKTERU LEI - he will contract [Chaspenisa]