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1) [line 8] CHABUVEI MITZVAH - cherishing the Mitzvah of circumcision (to show that it overrides Shabbos)
2) [line 9] CHASHADA - suspicion (that he is Mechalel Shabbos)
4) [line 26] RISHBA - bird-catcher
8) [line 37] KETATAH - quarreling, contention
12a) [line 45] YIKRU ES MOCHO - they will pierce his skull (at the spot
where the Tefilin Shel Rosh are placed) [(O.F. forjier) to pierce]
13) [line 49] "KANFEI YONAH NECHPAH VA'KESEF, V'EVROSEHA B'YRAKRAK CHARUTZ" - "the wings of a dove covered with silver, and her pinions (limbs of the wing) with yellow gold (Tehilim 68:14) - This chapter of Tehilim deals with the lofty spiritual level of Benei Yisrael after they left Egypt, crossed the Yam Suf and accepted the Torah at Har Sinai.
14) [line 5] KARPIFOS - enclosed areas that are located outside of a settlement, used for storage of timber and other such objects. The enclosures were *not* made for dwelling purposes.
15) [line 12] SHE'SHAVSU B'SOCHAN - that *rested* in them, i.e. that were in them from the beginning of Shabbos
16) [line 14] NISHTATFU
(b) King Shlomo decreed that transferring objects from one Reshus ha'Yachid to another is forbidden, unless an Eruv Chatzeiros (lit. a mixing of the courtyards) is created on Friday, before Shabbos begins. (Shabbos 14b, Eruvin 21b). The equivalent of an Eruv Chatzeiros for an alley or a city is called a Shituf Mavo'os. These are accomplished by all of the neighbors collectively setting aside a loaf of bread or some other food in one container in one of the houses of the courtyard, or, in the case of Shituf, in one of the courtyards of the alleyway. This shows that all neighbors have an equal share in all of the Reshuyos ha'Yachid, just as they all have a share in that bread. They can be considered one Reshus again. (An Eruvei Chatzeros uses bread. A Shituf is not limited to bread, and any food may be used except for water, salt and mushrooms.) (RAMBAM ibid. 1:4-9)
(c) The Halachah of Shituf Mavo'os applies only to a Mavoy which has at least two courtyards open to it, each of them containing at least two houses, and whose length exceeds its width. Anything less than that is just considered a Chatzer, and Eruvei Chatzeros will suffice.
17) [line 15] MAHU L'TALTEL B'CHULO? - may objects that were in the Mavoy at the onset of Shabbos be carried all over the Mavoy and not only within four Amos of their location?
18) [line 20] IS LEI DIYURIN - it is constantly being used by the people who live in the houses
19) [line 22] ZIMNIN - at a different time
21) [line 34] AGAV SHITFECH RAHIT LACH GEMARACH - while you were occupied with reviewing other things that you learned, you forgot what you had heard from Rebbi Oshaya (RASHASH); [Rashi's Girsa is AGAV SHITFECH ASYA LACH - as you were reviewing what you learned, the teaching of Rebbi Oshaya came back to you]
22) [line 41] IRVU CHATZEIROS
(b) King Shlomo decreed that transferring objects from one Reshus ha'Yachid to another is forbidden, unless an Eruv Chatzeiros (lit. a mixing of the courtyards) is created on Friday, before Shabbos begins. (Shabbos 14b, Eruvin 21b). (The equivalent of an Eruv Chatzeiros for an alley or a city is called a Shituf Mavo'os.) This is accomplished by all of the neighbors collectively setting aside a loaf of bread, in one common container, in one of the houses of the courtyard (or, in the case of Shituf, in one of the courtyards of the alleyway). This shows that all neighbors have an equal share in all of the Reshuyos ha'Yachid, just as they all have a share in that bread. They can be considered one Reshus again. (An Eruvei Chatzeros uses bread. A Shituf is not limited to bread, and any food may be used except for water, salt and mushrooms.) (RAMBAM ibid. 1:4-9)
(c) In the event that the inhabitants of the courtyard did not set an Eruv Chatzeiros before Shabbos, carrying may still be permitted if Bitul Reshuyos is done. All of the inhabitants of the courtyard nullify their domains in favor of one the inhabitants. The entire houses/courtyard area is considered the private domain of the person chosen. Bitul Reshuyos may be done as long as the following conditions are met: (1) the nullification is done only in favor of *one* person. If more people are involved, the area is not considered one private domain; (2) the other inhabitants do not transfer objects from their houses to the courtyard. Bitul Reshuyos only permits carrying in the courtyard and from the courtyard to the house of the person chosen. If one of the houseowners (other than the one in whose favor the Bitul was done) transfers from his house to the courtyard or v.v., it constitutes a repeal of the nullification. It becomes once again prohibited to carry in the courtyard.
23) [line 45] NITKU CHATZEIROS V'NA'ASU BATIM - the Halachic existence of the courtyards has stopped. They are now considered as part of the houses, i.e. one Reshus ha'Yachid of houses and courtyards.
24) [last line] LECHI/KORAH
(b) Carrying in a Mavoy is permitted if a Lechi is placed vertically against one of the walls at the entrance to the Mavoy. A Lechi is a pole or plank that is at least ten Tefachim high. It serves as a Mechitzah (a fourth wall) or as a Heker (reminder) to the people who live in the Mavoy so that they do not transfer objects from the Mavoy to the adjacent Reshus ha'Rabim.
(c) Another method to permit carrying in a Mavoy is with a Korah (a beam, one Tefach thick). The Korah was placed horizontally across the top of the entrance to the Mavoy.
(d) Both the Lechi and Korah signal the border of Reshus ha'Rabim and Reshus ha'Yachid. With the Lechi or Korah, in conjunction with a Shituf (see above, #22b), Chazal permit carrying within the Mavoy.