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Shabbos 126

1) [line 1] SHE'MESUKAN - it is prepared for this purpose before Shabbos
2) [line 5] NAGAR HA'NIGRAR - a *peg* (that is placed into a hole in the doorstep to lock the door) that is attached to the door with a rope and which *drags* on the floor

3) [line 7] MEDINAH - the entire area of the Land of Israel to the exclusion of the Beis ha'Mikdash


*****PEREK #18 MEFANIN*****

4) [line 27] MEFANIN - it is permitted to clear away and remove
*5*) [line 27] KUPOS - baskets, each of which can hold 3 Se'ah (TOSFOS, see Gemara 127a)
6) [line 29] OTZAR - storehouse

7) [line 30] DEMAI
(a) Produce bought from an Am ha'Aretz (an unlearned Jew who is lax in his Torah-observance - see Berachos 47b) is referred to as Demai ("Da Mai?" = "what is this?").

(b) Terumas Ma'aser, and Ma'aser Sheni must be separated from this produce since a minority of Amei ha'Aretz cannot be trusted to have separated them before selling it. Terumah Gedolah, however, (because of its stringency) is presumed to have been separated. Ma'aser Rishon and Ma'aser Ani are separated from the produce, but eaten by the owner (in keeping with the principle "ha'Motzi Mechavero Alav ha'Re'ayah").

8) [line 30] MA'ASER RISHON
(a) After a crop is harvested, and brought to the owner's house or yard, he must separate Terumah from the crop, which he gives to a Kohen. Although the Torah does not specify the amount to be given, the Rabanan set the requirement at one fiftieth.

(b) After Terumah is removed from the produce, the first tithe to be given every year is called Ma'aser Rishon; one tenth of the produce must be given to a Levi.

9) [line 31] MA'ASER SHENI
(a) A second tithe is given every year after Ma'aser Rishon has been separated. The tithe that is separated in the third and sixth years of the 7-year Shemitah cycle is called Ma'aser Ani and is given to the poor.

(b) The tithe that is separated during the first, second, fourth and fifth years is called Ma'aser Sheni. The Torah requires that Ma'aser Sheni be brought and eaten by its owner in Yerushalayim. Alternatively, Ma'aser Sheni produce may be redeemed, in which case the money used to redeem it is brought to Yerushalayim. The food which is bought with that money in Yerushalayim becomes Kodesh like Ma'aser Sheni and must be eaten b'Taharah.

10) [line 32] TURMOS - lupine, a type of pod or bean of the pea family
11) [line 32] IZIM - goats
12) [line 35] LUF - a type of onion, similar to colocasia, with edible leaves, roots and beans

13) [line 36] CHARDAL - mustard-seed
14) [line 37] ORVIN - home-raised ravens
15) [line 38] ZERADIM - young tender reeds or branches

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