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1) [line 2] NAGAR - a door-peg (that is placed into a hole in the doorstep to lock the door)
2) [line 3] SHOMTAH - he may drag it
4) [line 10] B'CHATZER SHE'EINAH ME'UREVES
(b) King Shlomo decreed that transferring objects from one Reshus ha'Yachid to another is forbidden, unless an Eruv Chatzeiros (lit. a mixing of the courtyards) is created on Friday, before Shabbos begins. (Shabbos 14b, Eruvin 21b). (The equivalent of an Eruv Chatzeiros for an alley or a city is called a Shituf Mavo'os.) This is accomplished by all of the neighbors collectively setting aside a loaf of bread, in one common container, in one of the houses of the courtyard, or one of the courtyards of the alleyway. This shows that all neighbors have an equal share in all of the Reshuyos ha'Yachid, just as they all have a share in that bread. They can be considered one Reshus again. (In the case of an alley or city, any food is permissible to use as an Eruv, except for water, salt and mushrooms.) (RAMBAM ibid. 1:4-9)
5) [line 26] GERAF SHEL RE'I (a pan of refuse)
(b) However, when an item of Muktzah which is disgusting is resting in a place where people would like to sit and they find it very unpleasant to sit near such a disgusting item, the Rabanan permitted the item to be removed, due to the honor of Shabbos which the item would otherwise be diminishing. For example, a pan of human or animal refuse, or a dead mouse, even though it is Muktzah, may be removed.
(c) It is not permitted to place a disgusting item in a place where people will want to sit, with the intention to move it later when people sit there and are disgusted by it. For example, while eating dates, one may not pile up the date pits in one place at the table in order to permit moving the pits when the pile becomes disgusting to those who want to sit there (Daf 143a).
6) [line 27] RAV SAFRA CHAVRIN - Rav Safra, our peer
9) [line] OSO V'ES BENO
10) [line 40] OSEH LO PARNASAH - he provides it with sustenance
11) [line 5] MAR - (O.F. fosoir) hoe; pick-ax
14) [line 12] BEI SADYUSA - a felt pillow
19) [line 30] NOLAD
(b) THE ARGUEMENT OF THE TANA'IM - Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon argue as to whether one may move or use on Shabbos items that fit into certain categories of Muktzah. There are at least six different categories of Muktzah over which Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon disagree [(1) Hiktzehu mi'Da'ato; (2) Nolad; (3) Muktzah Machmas Isur; (4) Muktzah Machmas Mi'us; (5) Keli she'Melachto Eino Ela l'Isur; (6) Muchan la'Adam Eino Muchan l'Kelavim.] On Shabbos, objects that fit into one of these categories may not be moved according to Rebbi Yehudah. There are other categories of Muktzah which may not be moved according to both Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon [such as (1) Muktzah Machmas Gufo; (2) Huktzah l'Mitzvaso; (3) Davar she'Eino Ra'uy she'Decha'o b'Ydayim; (4) Davar he'Asur she'Lo Chashav she'Yavo l'Ydei Heter b'Shabbos.]
(c) NOLAD - When an item did not exist in its present form during the Bein ha'Shemashos between Friday and Shabbos, rather it was created (or was significantly changed on Shabbos, it belongs to the category of Muktzah known as Nolad (born). Utensils that broke on Shabbos did not exist in their present form before Shabbos. Therefore they are Nolad. Similarly, date pits from dates that were eaten on Shabbos are Nolad, since they were part of a fruit when Shabbos came in and only emerged as pits on Shabbos. Moving them is prohibited according to Rebbi Yehudah and permitted according to Rebbi Shimon.
20) [line 34] HANEI LIVNEI D'ISHTAYUR MI'BINYANA - the bricks left over after a building is constructed
21) [line 35] L'MIZGA - to sit or recline [on them]
*23*) [line 36] CHERES KETANAH - a shard from a broken earthenware vessel. (Since it originally was part of a vessel, it is not Muktzah -- RAMBAN and Rishonim.)
24) [line 38] (RISKA) [RISTEKA] D'MECHUZA - the marketplace of Mechuza, a large Jewish trading town on the Tigris River
25) [line 39] ITVAS'EI MESANEI TINA - his shoe got muddy
28) [line 42] MEGUFAS CHAVIS SHE'NICHTETAH - (a) the lid of a shattered barrel (RASHI); (*b*) the shattered lid of a barrel (RITVA, SHITAH L'RAN) According to these Rishonim, the Beraisa is teaching that although a lid of a barrel is not as significant a vessel as the barrel itself, nevertheless its shards are not Muktzah since they originally started out as a complete vessel (see above, #23). (Alternatively, the Beraisa is teaching that a broken lid is not Muktzah even according to the Rebbi Yehudah of our Mishnah, who requires that the broken piece be used in a manner similar to its original use, since a broken piece is also used to cover vessels (as the Gemara mentioned earlier), just like a barrel-lid - M. Kornfeld)
29) [line 43] YISPOS - file down its rough edges