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Shabbos 123

1) [line 2] MEDOCHAH - a mortar
2) [line 3] SHUM - garlic
3) [line 6] ELI - a pestle
4) [line 10] SIKEI - (a) tools used by painters (RASHI); (b) the upright supports of the loom which rest on the ground (RASHI, citing RABEINU HA'LEVI); (c) pegs that are used to unravel silk (RABEINU CHANANEL)

5) [line 11] ZAIREI - (a) tools used by painters (RASHI); (b) laze rods (thin wooden sticks that keep the Shesi (warp) threads distinct) (RASHI, citing RABEINU HA'LEVI); (c) flat boards or beams that are used to press clothes that have been cleaned (RABEINU CHANANEL)

6) [line 11] MEZOREI - (a) tools used by painters (RASHI); (b) the two round, heavy beams of the loom, one which holds the unwoven Shesi (warp) threads and one which holds the finished cloth (RASHI, citing RABEINU HA'LEVI); (c) wooden utensils used by clothes-washers to beat clothes (that are immersed in water) against a rock in order to clean them (RABEINU CHANANEL)

7) [line 11] MEYACHED LEHU MAKOM - he designates a place for them, i.e. he sets them aside so that they should not be used except for their specific purpose

8) [line 13] ZAHAVIM - goldsmiths
9) [line 14] BASAMIM - spice dealers
10) [line 18] PAGAH - an unripe fig
11) [line 18] CHARARAH - a flat cake baked on coals
12) [line 23] TILTUL MIN HA'TZAD - moving something in an indirect manner -- see Insights to Shabbos 44:1

13) [line 28] (CHARARAH) CHORAH - its hole
14) [line 28] UKTZAH - its point
15) [line 41] GOLMEI - unfinished needles
16) [line 43] GRUTA'OS - broken pieces of metal
17) [line 43] ASUVEI YENUKA - (a) straightening or smoothing out the limbs of a newborn baby, including relocating dislocated joints (RASHI); (b) extracting a dislocated bone from the throat of a newborn, which may induce vomiting (RABEINU CHANANEL). See Insights


18) [line 1] APIK'TVI'ZIN - [taking a tonic to induce] vomiting (this word is a combination of the words APIK [=exuding] TVEI [=abundance] ZIN [=food])

19) [line 4] PAKID - [the thorn] is only located there (lit. deposited there) temporarily. There is no connection between thorn and skin that would render the extraction "Tikun" (repair) of the body

20) [line 5] KANEH SHEL ZEISIM - a long reed or rod used to turn over olives that are packed in a vat or pit to soften. The amount of oil that adheres to the reed determines whether the olives are ready to be pressed.

21) [line 5] KESHER - a knot in the reed where oil is retained

22) [line 8] PESHUTEI KLEI ETZ (Wooden utensils that do not have a receptacle)
(a) The Torah teaches (Vayikra 11:32) that vessels made of certain types of material become Tamei when they come into contact with a Mes or a Sheretz.
(b) Vessels made of wood, fabric (wool, linen, canvas, etc.), leather, sack (made of goat hair), and bone do not become Tamei through contact with a Mes or Sheretz unless they have a receptacle (that is, the vessel must be made in such a way that it can be filled with another object or liquid). This Halachah is derived from a Hekesh which compares the abovementioned materials to a sack, which always has a receptacle to hold things (Gemara Chagigah 26b). Therefore, wooden utensils that do not have a receptacle ("Peshutei Klei Etz") cannot become Tamei with Tum'as Mes or Tum'as Sheretz.

23) [line 12] MASAR HA'GADOL - a large saw (used for cutting beams)
24) [line 13] YASED SHEL MACHAREISHAH - the spike of a plow (used for making furrows)

25) [line 14] UCHLA D'KATZREI - (a) a copper utensil shaped like a sieve that is used by clothes-washers to sprinkle water onto garments (RASHI);
(b) according to the Girsa *UVLA* D'KATZREI - the large rock used by clothes-washers against which they beat clothes (that are immersed in water) to clean them (RABEINU CHANANEL)

26) [line 15] CHARBA D'USHKEFEI - the knife of leather-workers
27) [line 15] SAKINA D'ASHKAVTA - (a) a butcher's knife (RASHI); (b) a Shochet's knife (RABEINU CHANANEL)

28) [line 16] CHATZINA D'NAGAREI - (O.F. doledoire) carpenter's adze, a type of ax

29) [line 18] MAKTZU'A - tool for cutting fig or date cakes
30) [line 18] ZUHAMA LISTERAN - a utensil shaped on one end like a large spoon and on the other like a fork, used in cooking, mostly for skimming off the froth from the top of a stew

31) [line 32] KATZAV - carved or chopped [meat]
32) [line 34] "DORCHIM GITOS" - "treading wine presses" (Nechemya 13:15)
33) [line 35] "HA'AREIMOS" - "sheaves [of grain]" (ibid.)
34) [line 35] GELOSTERA - a wide fastening device attached to the top of a door-peg (that is placed into a hole in the doorstep to lock the door). The Gelostera can be used as a pestle

35) [line 36] KANIN (LECHEM HA'PANIM)
(a) The Lechem ha'Panim (Showbread) is an offering of 12 loaves (that are Matzah) which are arranged in two stacks (Sedarim), six loaves to each stack, on the Golden Table of the Mishkan or Beis ha'Mikdash. Fresh loaves were arranged on the Table every Shabbos and are left there until the following Shabbos. The loaves that are removed are eaten by the Kohanim. (Vayikra 24:5-9).
(b) The loaves are separated by wooden rods (*Kanin*) to allow air to circulate so that the bread will not spoil.
(c) A Kometz (the amount that will fit under the middle three fingers) of Levonah (frankincense) in a bowl (Bazach) is placed alongside each stack. Only the Levonah is offered on the Mizbe'ach.

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