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Shabbos 118

1) [line 9] TAMCHUY - a charity-plate distributed daily, that contained food collected from contributors; soup-kitchen

2) [line 10] KUPAH - the communal fund for dispensing money to the poor every Friday

3) [line 16] MA'ALEI SHABATA - Friday [morning]
4) [line 21] MI'KIKAR B'FUNDYON ME'4 SE'IN B'SELA - [not less] than a loaf of bread that sold for a Pundyon (a certain small coin), when the price of wheat was such that one Sela (a coin equal to 48 Pundyonin) could buy four Se'in (approx. 33 or 58 liters, depending upon the Halachic opinion) of wheat. Chazal estimated that two meals could be eaten from this loaf.

6) [line 27] D'MALVINAN LEI SE'UDAH BA'HADEI - they provide him with a meal [for his journey]

7) [line 27] PURYA - a bed
8) [line 27] BEI SADYA - a cushion
9) [line 32] KITONIYOS - flasks
10) [line 32] TZELOCHIYOS - bottles with a wide belly and a narrow neck
11) [line 33] EIN KEVA L'SHETIYAH - there is no set time (or amount) for drinking

"The birth pangs of Mashi'ach." The period of time that will precede the coming of Mashi'ach. It is compared to the pain of a woman in labor because it will be fraught with suffering of the worst sort, never experienced before by the Jewish people. Just as a woman who is about to give birth may feel that her end is approaching, so too will the Jewish people not know whether they will survive that time of tribulation. However, just as a woman who withstands the pain of labor merits to experience the birth of her child, so too will the Jewish people who endure the suffering and remain true to the Almighty, merit to experience the coming of Mashi'ach

Magog is first mentioned among the sons of Yefes, son of Noach, in Breishis 10:2. The prophet Yechezkel (chapters 38-39) describes a cataclysmic war lead by Gog of the land of Magog, where many nations combine forces to wage war against the land of Yisrael. The prophecy assures Gog that HaSh-m Himself will ruin the war effort and will destroy all of his multitudes. It is traditionally assumed that this war will take place at the end of days, preceding the revelation of HaSh-m as master of His world.

14) [line 40] "YOM EVRAH HA'YOM HA'HU" - "That day is a day of wrath, a day of trouble and distress, a day of ruin and desolation, a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and thick darkness." (Tzefanyah 1:15) - Although the prophet is describing the punishment that HaSh-m will mete upon the inhabitants of Yerushalayim who continue in their wicked ways and fail to do Teshuvah, the Gemara finds a hint in this verse to the punishment that sinners will receive in Gehinom.

15) [line 41] NACHALAH BELI METZARIM - an portion or estate without bounds
16) [last line] "AZ TIS'ANAG ..." - "Then shall you delight yourself in HaSh-m, and I will cause you to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed you with the inheritance of Yakov, your father, for the mouth of HaSh-m has spoken." (Yeshayahu 58:14)


*17*) [line 4] KOL HA'ARATZOS HA'EL - that is, even the lands of the Keini, Kenizi and Kadmoni, three of the ten nations that were promised to Avraham Avinu (see Bereishis 15:19) that were not included in the conquest of Yehoshua

18) [line 14] TERADIN - beets
19) [line 15] ROSHEI SHUMIN - the green leaves of a garlic or the garlic cloves themselves
20) [line 17] KASA D'HARSENA - fish which is cooked in its own oil with flour
21) [line 31] PESUKEI D'ZIMRA - selections from Tehilim that are read each morning during the Shacharis prayer, which are meant to "prune" (from the word Zomer) the heart of all outside influences, so that it is possible to direct one's thoughts solely towards HaSh-m

22) [line 31] IM DIMDUMEI CHAMAH - (a) when the sun is red (from the word Adom), i.e. at sunrise and at sunset (RASHI); (b) when the sun is absent (from the verse "va'Yidom ha'Shemesh," - "and the sun was silent," - Yehoshua 6:13, i.e. at the point where it is not visible yet or anymore), i.e. at dawn and at dusk (RITVA)

23) [line 33] "YIRA'UCHA IM SHAMESH, V'LIFNEI YARE'ACH DOR DORIM" - "May they fear You as long as the sun and the moon endure, throughout all generations." (Tehilim 72:5) - The word "Yira'ucha" is referring to prayer, which instills the fear of HaSh-m into a person

*24*) [line 38] L'DIDI CHASHDAN V'LO HAVAH BI - Rashi and Rashbam (Pesachim 112b) relate the story of when Rav Papa was suspected of suffocating a non-Jewish child by sitting on him (but see Berachos 8b) (M. Kornfeld)

25) [line 47] IMREI CHALUKI - the hems of my undershirt
26) [line 51] IYUN TEFILAH - prayer with intense, heartfelt thoughts directed towards HaSh-m

27) [line 51] LO SAGEINA - I never walk
28) [last line] V'LO NACHIS V'ASA, KEMAH D'LO RAMYEI - and he did not come down until he put other Tzitzis on his garment
29) [last line] D'SHALIM MASECHTEI - who completed learning a Masechta

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