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Shabbos 114

1) [line 7] HA'METULA'IM - that are patched
2) [line 11] RAVAV - a thick viscous mass, e.g. fat (see Insights)
3) [line 13] REVED - (a) Shichvas Zera (RASHI); (b) dry blood (RIF) (see Insights)
4) [line 14] GELIMA - cloak, coat, poncho
5) [line 18] (MARDE'A) MARDA'AS - a saddle pad which is made to support a load on an animal's back, or to keep it warm

*6*) [line 25] REBBI YOSI OMER - Rebbi Yosi said, in explanation of the opinion of Rebbi Yishmael (Rashi)

7) [line 25] BANA'IN - builders (the Gemara explains what type of builders this is referring to)

8) [line 26] BUR - an ignoramus
*9*) [line 28] ELU TALMIDEI CHACHAMIM - that is, a Talmid Chacham is careful not to get a stain even on one side of his shirt since he will not turn his shirt inside out if it is stained (in order that the seams should not show, as the Gemara says later on the Amud). A boor, however, simply turns the shirt inside out, and therefore it is not considered a Chatzitzah unless the stain goes through both sides of his shirt.

10) [line 33] PARNAS AL HA'TZIBUR - an administrator; leader of a community

11) [line 34] MASECHES KALAH - (a) one of the small Masechtos printed after Seder Zer'im in the Vilna Edition. It is rare to find a scholar who is fluent in this Masechta (RASHI); (b) the compendium of lessons that were taught during the Yarchei Kalah (the assembly of Babylonian students in the months of Adar and Elul), with regard to the laws of the festivals (TOSFOS, citing RI)

12) [line 37] L'MITRACH B'RIFTEI - to take care of supplying him with bread, a basic need

13) [line 39] B'CHULEI TENUYEI - in all of Shas
14) [line 40] B'REISH MESIVTA - at the head of the Yeshiva
15) [line 40] HA'OLIYARIN - keeper of clothes at a bathhouse
16) [line 41] CHIVREI - white
17) [line 44] SUMKEI - red
18) [line 45] CHELVEI SHABBOS - the fats (Chelev) of the afternoon Korban Tamid that was brought on Shabbos

19) [line 48] K'SH'TIMTZA LOMAR - if you are exacting, you will conclude

(a) A person may offer a Korban in the Beis ha'Mikdash as a voluntary sacrifice, as it states in Vayikra 1:2. Voluntary Korbanos may be Olos (which are burned entirely on the Mizbe'ach, see Vayikra 1:2-17, 6:1-6), Shelamim (parts of which are eaten, see Vayikra 3:1-17, 7:11-21, 7:28-37) or Menachos (flour offerings, see Vayikra 2:1-13, 6:7-11, 7:9-10).

(b) When a person states, "I pledge an Olah," without singling out a specific animal, his pledge is called a Neder. When he sets aside an animal with which to fulfill his pledge, and the animal gets lost or dies, he must bring another in its place. If he states, "*This* animal is an Olah," his pledge is called a Nedavah. If the animal gets lost or dies, he has no obligation to bring another in its place.

(c) There is a dispute among the Tana'im as to whether voluntary sacrifices may be offered on Yom Tov, as is recorded in Beitzah 19b. The Tana'im that state that they may be offered argue that: (1) since parts of Shalmei Nedavah are eaten, the Melachos necessary for offering them are permitted, just as cooking is permitted for the preparation of food. (2) According to some (see RASHI Beitzah 19a DH Aval Lo Olos), even Olos Nedavah may be offered because the person who offers them benefits from them by increasing the glorification of HaSh-m. Therefore, slaughtering Olos falls under the category of mi'Toch she'Hutrah l'Tzorech, Hutrah Nami she'Lo l'Tzorech Ochel Nefesh (since they may be slaughtered for a slight Tzorech Hedyot (layman's use), they may be slaughtered even though no preparation of food is involved). (Alternatively, the extra word "la'HaSh-m" (Vayikra 23:41) was written specifically to include offering Nedarim and Nedavos on Yom Tov -- Beitzah 19a, 20b).

(d) The Tana'im that state that they may *not* be offered on Yom Tov rule that even Shalmei Nedavah may not be offered (and certainly not Olos Nedavah) since: (1) they are not considered Tzorech Hedyot at all. Korbanos are brought l'Tzorech Gavo'ah (for supernal use), and the layman only receives his share from on high. Melachos that are performed *solely* l'Tzorech Gavo'ah are not permitted on Yom Tov, since the verse (Shemos 12:16) states "Lachem" (TOSFOS Shabbos 24b DH Lefi). (2) Alternatively, since the verse (Vayikra ibid.) states "v'Chagosem," only Korbanos such as the Chagigah may be offered. The Chagigah has a set time at which it may be offered. Nedarim and Nedavos, which may be offered on any day, may not be offered on Yom Tov (RASHI Beitzah 20b DH mid'Oraisa)

(e) All of the above reasons follow the opinion of Beis Hillel. According to Beis Shamai, Nedarim and Nedavos certainly may not be offered on Yom Tov (Mishnah Beitzah 19a)


21) [line 15] KENIVAS YEREK - cutting the leaves from the stalks of leafy vegetables (that have already been picked)

22a) [line 18] SHEVUS KEROVAH HITIRU - the Chachamim may override a Rabbinical transgression for a current need
b) [line 18] SHEVUS RECHOKAH LO HITIRU - the Chachamim do not override a Rabbinical transgression for a future need (e.g. the blowing of a Shofar on Yom ha'Kipurim, normally prohibited mid'Rabanan, may not be performed when Yom ha'Kipurim falls on Friday to announce that Kenivas Yerek is permitted in the afternoon. This announcement is not pertinent *this* year, since cooking the cut leaves is prohibited at nightfall, which is Shabbos).

23) [line 23] MECHAVARTA - it is clear

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