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Shabbos 104

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 104a [line 42]:
The words "she'Ba'atu b'GI"F"
should be "she'Ba'atu b'Gif"
(The word "Gif" is not an acronym, as is clear from Rashi.
This is also the Girsa in the Warsaw edition and other printings

[2] Gemara 104b [line 26]:
"v'Ein Mevi'in Re'ayah Min ha'Shotim"
At this point there is a section of the Gemara that was deleted by the
censors. Parts of Rashi and a noticeable part of Tosfos DH Ben Setada were
also deleted. In various new editions the missing sections have been added
based upon manuscripts and early printings.

[3] Rashi 104b DH ha'Mesaret:
The words "O *b'Sid*"
should be "O *b'Sira*"

1) [line 1] ILUYEI KA MA'ALI LEI - he gave it a more elevated status
2) [line 4] MANTZEPACH TZOFIN AMARUM - the prophets designated the letters Mem, Nun, Tzadi, Peh, and Kaf (the letters which have a different shape if they are the last letter of a word)

3) [line 15] DARDEKEI - students who have not reached a level where they can make logical deductions (RASHI Daf 145b)

4) [line 17] ALEIF BINAH - learn Understanding (Torah)
5) [line 18] GEMOL DALIM - do Chesed with the poor
6) [line 21] D'LIMTZEI LEI NAFSHEI - that he should make himself available to the giver (to make it easier for the giver)

7) [line 23] LICHSIF - to be embarrassed
8) [line 25] MA'AMAR PASU'ACH - there are teachings that are open and exposed for everyone to learn from

9) [line 25] MA'MAR SASUM - there are teachings that must be concealed and kept secret
10) [line 26] NE'EMAN KAFUF - a faithful (righteous) person must be bowed and humbled in this world

11) [line 26] NE'EMAN PASHUT - a faithful (righteous) person will be erect in the world to come

12) [line 26] SIMANIN ASEH BA'TORAH - make mnemonic devices in order to remember the Torah

13) [line 29] B'MANOD ROSH - with quaking and extreme humbleness
14) [line 30] MEHADER APEI D'KUF ME'REISH - (a) (lit. the face of the *Kuf* is turned away from the *Reish*) this is actually a euphemism, since the face of the *Reish* is turned away from the *Kuf*. HaSh-m turned the Rasha away from Him, not wanting to look at his face (RASHI); (b) the leg of the Kuf closes off and hides most of its letter from the Reish (RITVA)

"15) [line 33] "IM LA'LEITZIM ..." - "[HaSh-m] scoffs at the scoffers and gives grace to the humble." (Mishlei 3:34) - since HaSh-m scoffs at the Leitzim, he holds back Divine assistance and does not prevent their spiritual downfall

16) [line 35] MEKARVAN MILEI - it letters are next to each other
17) [line 36] A'CHADA KAR'A KAI - [each one of its letters] stand on one pointed foot
18) [line 36] MELABEN LEVUNEI - its letters have a broad or firm base
19) [line 37] OSI TA'AV, ES'AVEH LO - he (the wicked person) has loathed Me; will I desire him?!

20) [line 40] GUR B'DOK - dwell in the Heavens (which are spread out like a *curtain* - as in Yeshayahu 40:22)

*21*) [line 41] HA'SATAN - the Gemara interchanges the Ches with a Hei for this Derashah, and "*Cha*"s Ta"n" becomes "*ha*'Satan"

22) [line 42] (B'GI"F) [B'GIF] - in adultery (-- as found Targum Onkelos on Vayikra 20:10)
23) [line 44] MARI! ZANEINI - my Master! feed me
24) [last line] TAR - wait


25) [line 2] SAM - orpiment, a mineral that is used as a yellow dye
26) [line 2] SIKRA - (O.F. minie) minium, red lead used to make red paint
27) [line 2] KUMOS - an ink prepared with the sap/gum of the Acacia tree
28) [line 3] KANKANTUM - (O.F. adrement), vitriol, black ink used by shoemakers
29) [line 4] KOSLEI ZAVIYOS - walls that form a corner with each other
30) [line 4] LEVACHEI PINKAS - on [the adjacent edges] of two boards that are coated with wax (that served as writing tablets)

31) [line 4] NEHEGIN - read
32) [line 6] HA'MESARET - one who scratches
33) [line 8] AVAK HA'SOFRIM - scribe's powder, the refuse of writing material found in the scribe's ink container

34) [line 10] MARPEIKO - his elbow
35) [line 14] OS ACHAS NOTARIKON - one letter as an abbreviation
36) [line 19] CAHRTA D'USHKEFEI - (O.F. adrement), vitriol, black ink used by shoemakers
37) [line 21] MEI TARYA - juice of a certain fruit; alt., rain water
38) [line 21] AFTZA - the juice of gall-nuts (large round abnormal growth on oak trees, caused by insects) (O.F. gales)

39) [line 22] AVAR - lead (solution)
40) [line 22] SHACHOR - coal
41) [line 22] SHICHOR - (O.F. adrement), vitriol, black ink used by shoemakers
42) [line 29] ACHAS AL HA'ARIG - if a person adds one additional string to a weave
43) [line 35] EIN HA'SHEM MIN HA'MUVCHAR - the Holy Name written in this way is not the choicest and is therefore Pasul (SHACH Yoreh Deah 276:2) -- rather the mistake must be erased and the Holy Name must be written with sanctity (Maseches Sofrim 5:3)

44) [line 44] HASAM, MECHUSAR MA'ASEH D'KERIVAH - over there, where he is Patur, an action is still needed, such as breaking down the wall or breaking the writing tablet in order to bring the letters together

45) [last line] TAGO SHEL DALES - the part of the roof of the Dales that sticks out to the right

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