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Shabbos 100

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 100b [line 12]:
"Tashmish Al Yedei ha'Dechak Lo Shmei Tashmish"
Source - Shabbos 8a

[2] Gemara 100b [line 42]:
"*v'Ha* Mursha Is Lah"
This is the Girsa of Rashi. The Girsa of Tosfos, Dikdukei Sofrim #3 and the
Oxford manuscript is "*v'Dilma* Mursha Is Lah"

[3] Rashi 100b DH Heicha d'Havah Rachbo *Arba Amos*:
It seems that these words in the Dibur ha'Maschil should read *Arba'ah
(This is the way is appears in Rashi Eruvin 78b DH v'Rachav Arba'ah, and
this Girsa is supported by the word "Arba'ah" of our Sugya, which is in the
masculine gender, referring to Tefachim - RASHASH) ************************************************

1) [line 9] MACHATZELES - a mat
*2*) [line 9] V'ZARAK L'SOCHAH MACHATZELES, CHAYAV - if the mat falls on the bottom of the ditch, the person who threw it is Chayav. (See Insights for an explanation of why the mat does not take away the ditch's status of Reshus ha'Yachid by lessening its depth.)

3) [line 18] ISRATYA - a wide street
4) [line 25] DEVEILAH SHEMENAH - a thick mass of pressed figs (which sticks to the wall)

(a) Chokekin l'Hashlim is a Halachic device in which we may view a small space to be the correct size, when needed. Rebbi Meir rules that Chokekin l'Hashlim may be used if there is sufficient volume in the surrounding walls to provide the extra size. The Gemara (Yuma 11b) records the argument between Rebbi Meir and Rabanan as to whether we say Chokekin l'Hashlim with regard to an archway whose opening is too small to require a Mezuzah. They argue in the case where the walls of the archway are thick enough such that had they been excavated, there would be a proper-size doorway.

(b) The Rishonim on Daf 7b disagree as to which case the Gemara is discussing. The words "b'Chor Kol she'Hu" seem to suggest that the hole may be infinitesimally small, and this appears to be Rashi's opinion. Tosfos 7b DH v'Halchah, citing Ri, claims that it is small on the side of Reshus ha'Rabim, but it extends through the wall and is four Tefachim wide on the side of Reshus ha'Yachid. Rebbi Meir then says that the law of Chokekin l'Hashlim gives the hole the status of a hole that is four by four Tefachim. (see Tosfos ibid. and Tosfos Yuma 11b DH ha'Kol)

6a) [line 32] TEL - an elevation (hill)
b) [line 33] HA'MISLAKET ASARAH - that gradually rises ten Tefachim
c) [line 33] MI'TOCH ARBA - within a distance of four *Amos*
7) [line 34] SHE'SHAVEH L'SOCHO - which is level on its own plane (lit. on its inside)
8) [line 35] V'NA'ASEH MADRON L'RESHUS HA'RABIM - and slopes down at its entrance to Reshus ha'Rabim

9) [line 36] LECHI/KORAH
(a) A Mavoy is an alleyway which is enclosed on three sides, through which the people of the surrounding courtyards must pass in order to go out to the street (Reshus ha'Rabim). Although mid'Oraisa such a Mavoy is a Reshus ha'Yachid, nevertheless, the Chachamim prohibited carrying objects in it a distance of four Amos or more. This decree was enacted because of its similarity to a Reshus ha'Rabim, since many families make use of a single Mavoy.

(b) Carrying in a Mavoy is permitted if a Lechi is placed vertically against one of the walls at the entrance to the Mavoy. A Lechi is a pole or plank that is at least ten Tefachim high. It serves as a Mechitzah (a fourth wall) or as a Heker (reminder) to the people who live in the Mavoy so that they do not transfer objects from the Mavoy to the adjacent Reshus ha'Rabim.

(c) Another method to permit carrying in a Mavoy is with a Korah (a beam, one Tefach thick). The Korah was placed horizontally across the top of the entrance to the Mavoy.

(d) Both the Lechi and Korah signal the border of Reshus ha'Rabim and Reshus ha'Yachid. With the Lechi or Korah, in conjunction with a Shituf (see Background to Shabbos 6a #11b), Chazal permit carrying within the Mavoy.

*11*) [line 44] V'AF AL PI SHE'CHAZRAH V'HOTZI'ATU - even if the wind eventually blew the object back out of 4 Amos -- *after* it rested for a second within 4 Amos

12) [line 45] ACHAZTO HA'RU'ACH MASHEHU - if the wind held the object still in mid-flight for a moment (RASHI)


*13*) [line 2] MISGALGEL KA'AMART - the case of the Mishnah involves an object that is being blown around in the wind, and not an object that is simply falling under the force of gravity (Rashi); Alternatively, in the Mishnah the object is rolling on the floor and may never cone to rest, therefore it is not considered a Hanachah, however an object thrown in the air will eventually fall to the ground, at which point it will have been Nach (relative to flying in the air). Therefore it should be a Hanachah even before it actually reaches the ground (Tosfos 100a DH Achazto)

14) [line 5] REKAK MAYIM - a puddle of water
15) [line 11] HILUCH AL YEDEI HA'DECHAK - walking [in a place where one normally does not walk] when it becomes necessary

16) [line 15] D'AVIDEI INSHEI D'MASGEI - that people normally walk [into the water]
17) [line 16] L'AKUREI NAFSHAIHU - to cool themselves off
18) [line 17] D'MITANFEI - they get dirty
19) [line 20] AKUFEI MAKFEI LEI - they go around it
20) [line 24] A'GUDA D'GAMLA - on a loose plank of a bridge
21) [line 25] RABIM BOK'IN BO - many people walk on it
22) [line 29] SHE'MUKAFOS - they are next to each other
23) [line 31] ZIZ - a stick of wood
24) [line 35] ME'AR'A MASHCHINAN - we measure from the ocean floor

25) [line 35] MAKOM PETUR
Mekomos Petur are those places and objects that do not fulfill *any* of the conditions that characterize the other three Reshuyos (domains) of Shabbos: Reshus ha'Yachid; Reshus ha'Rabim; Karmelis (see Introduction to Maseches Shabbos). Transferring from a Makom Petur to one of the other three Reshuyos is permitted, as long as it is not used to circumvent the prohibition of Hotza'ah, e.g. transferring from Reshus ha'Yachid to Reshus ha'Rabim through a Makom Petur. Some examples of Makom Petur are (1) a doorstep with an area less than four by four Tefachim, (2) a pole in Reshus ha'Rabim with an area less than four by four Tefachim and a height not greater than ten Tefachim and (3) the air above Reshus ha'Rabim or a Karmelis (i.e. above a height of ten Tefachim). See Charts #1-2.

26) [line 38] MAYA AR'A SEMICHTA - the water has the status of the solid (thick) ground of a Karmelis

27) [line 42] MURSHA - a projecting bow
28) [line 42] GASHOSHEI AZLEI KAMAH - sailors holding sounding poles in advance of the ship

29) [line 45] ME'ISEI LEI - the water which he will draw up from there in the future will be loathsome

30) [line 45] A'DAFNA D'SEFINAH - on the outer wall of the boat

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