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Shabbos 87

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Rashi 87a DH Ta Shema:
The words "b'Milsa d'Shelishi Kamairi"
should be "b'Milsa *Acharisa* d'Shelishi Kamairi"

1) [line 1] MITZVAS HAGBALAH - the commandment to set up boundaries around Mount Sinai within which it was forbidden for Benei Yisrael to go

2) [line 15] D'LO SHARYA SHECHINAH - the Shechinah did not dwell on Mount Sinai

(a) It is a Mitzvah for all Jews to offer a Korban Pesach on the fourteenth of Nisan in the afternoon, as it states in the Torah (Shmos 12:6), "and the whole assembly of the congregation of Yisrael shall slaughter it towards evening." The Pesach is a male lamb or goat within its first year.

(b) An adult (who was Tahor and was not far from the Beis ha'Mikdash on the fourteenth of Nisan) who willfully did not offer the Korban Pesach is liable to the Kares punishment.

(c) Groups are formed for each Korban Pesach of people who are able to eat at least a k'Zayis of the meat on the night of the fifteenth of Nisan. Each Korban is sacrificed in the name of the people who were appointed for that specific Pesach animal.

4) [line 28] BEN NECHAR - a non-Jew or a Jew who does not fulfill the Mitzvos (lit. a stranger)

5) [line 31] YEYASHER KOCHACHA - well-done! (a phrase of approval and thanks)
6) [line 36] SHELISHI L'MAI? - the third day with regard to which occurrence?
*7*) [line 41] ZU MITZVAS HAGBALAH - that is, Moshe returned on the fourth day to tell HaSh-m that the Jews had accepted upon themselves the Mitzvah of distancing themselves from the mountain (which Moshe had apparently presented to the Jews on the third day - RASHI DH Shishi.)

*8*) [line 42] REBBI OMER, BI'TCHILAH - that is, Moshe discussed Kabalas ha'Torah with the Jewish People for three days, and on the fourth day he returned to tell HaSh-m that they were ready to accept it. When the Beraisa mentions the "third day," it means the third day that Moshe discussed the Torah with the people.

9) [line 43] SHE'MESHABEVIN DA'ATO - (a) which chastise a man's mind (due to the punishments involved) (RASHI); (b) which break a man's spirit (RADAK to Hoshea 8:6, RASHASH)

10) [line 45] AGADAH - the class of Rabbinical literature that explains the Tanach homiletically

11) [line 46] SHE'MESHIVIN DA'ATO - which refresh the mind
12) [line 47] GIDIN - bitter herb; wormwood


13) [line 1] L'CHANAYASAN - from the day that Benei Yisrael encamped in Midbar Sinai

14) [line 1] L'MASA'AN - from the day that Benei Yisrael traveled from Refidim which (according to Rav Acha Bar Yakov) took place on the same day that they encamped in Midbar Sinai

15) [line 2] B'SHABBOS D'MARAH - about the commandment of Shabbos that they received in Marah

16) [line 4] IFKUD - they were commanded
17) [line 13] ABUREI ABRUHA - they made the month of Iyar into a 30-day month (instead of a 29-day month)

18) [line 23] "U'VOKER U'R'ISEM ..." - "and in the morning you shall see the glory of HaSh-m when he hears your complaints against the Lord." (Shemos 16:7) - The Gemara proves that the fifteenth of the month of Iyar was on Shabbos from this verse, which promises that the Man would fall on the morning after they arrived in Midbar Sin. That morning must be Sunday since Benei Yisrael were commanded to collect it for six days until the next Shabbos.

19) [line 34] BAMOS
(a) A Bamah is a raised area used for sacrifices. Before the Beis ha'Mikdash was built (when the Mishkan was not in use), it was permitted to offer sacrifices on public and private altars.

(b) Only one public altar (referred to as the Bamas Tzibur or the Bamah Gedolah) was in use at any particular time. At various times in our history, the Bamah Gedolah was in Gilgal, Nov and Giv'on (see Zevachim 112b). An individual could offer only voluntary sacrifices on a Bamah Gedolah. There is a difference of opinion among the Tana'im as to whether all communal sacrifices could be offered on a Bamah Gedolah or only the communal sacrifices that had a fixed time. (Zevachim 117a)

(c) Anyone could build a private altar anywhere (in Eretz Yisrael). An altar built by an individual for his personal sacrifices was called a Bamas Yachid or Bamah Ketanah. Only voluntary sacrifices were allowed to be offered on a Bamas Yachid.

20) [line 37] EIN BEIN ATZERES L'ATZERES, V'EIN BEN ROSH HA'SHANAH, ELA 4 YAMIM BILVAD - The day of the week on which Shavuos falls in two consecutive years is always four days apart; e.g. since Shavuos fell this past year on a Wednesday, it will fall next year on a Sunday

21) [last line] CHASERIN - months of only 29 days

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