|(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)
 Rashi 87a DH Ta Shema:
1) [line 1] MITZVAS HAGBALAH - the commandment to set up boundaries around Mount Sinai within which it was forbidden for Benei Yisrael to go
2) [line 15] D'LO SHARYA SHECHINAH - the Shechinah did not dwell on Mount Sinai
3) [line 26] PESACH (KORBAN PESACH)
(b) An adult (who was Tahor and was not far from the Beis ha'Mikdash on the fourteenth of Nisan) who willfully did not offer the Korban Pesach is liable to the Kares punishment.
(c) Groups are formed for each Korban Pesach of people who are able to eat at least a k'Zayis of the meat on the night of the fifteenth of Nisan. Each Korban is sacrificed in the name of the people who were appointed for that specific Pesach animal.
4) [line 28] BEN NECHAR - a non-Jew or a Jew who does not fulfill the Mitzvos (lit. a stranger)
5) [line 31] YEYASHER KOCHACHA - well-done! (a phrase of approval and
*8*) [line 42] REBBI OMER, BI'TCHILAH - that is, Moshe discussed Kabalas ha'Torah with the Jewish People for three days, and on the fourth day he returned to tell HaSh-m that they were ready to accept it. When the Beraisa mentions the "third day," it means the third day that Moshe discussed the Torah with the people.
9) [line 43] SHE'MESHABEVIN DA'ATO - (a) which chastise a man's mind (due to the punishments involved) (RASHI); (b) which break a man's spirit (RADAK to Hoshea 8:6, RASHASH)
10) [line 45] AGADAH - the class of Rabbinical literature that explains the Tanach homiletically
11) [line 46] SHE'MESHIVIN DA'ATO - which refresh the mind
13) [line 1] L'CHANAYASAN - from the day that Benei Yisrael encamped in Midbar Sinai
14) [line 1] L'MASA'AN - from the day that Benei Yisrael traveled from Refidim which (according to Rav Acha Bar Yakov) took place on the same day that they encamped in Midbar Sinai
15) [line 2] B'SHABBOS D'MARAH - about the commandment of Shabbos that they received in Marah
16) [line 4] IFKUD - they were commanded
18) [line 23] "U'VOKER U'R'ISEM ..." - "and in the morning you shall see the glory of HaSh-m when he hears your complaints against the Lord." (Shemos 16:7) - The Gemara proves that the fifteenth of the month of Iyar was on Shabbos from this verse, which promises that the Man would fall on the morning after they arrived in Midbar Sin. That morning must be Sunday since Benei Yisrael were commanded to collect it for six days until the next Shabbos.
19) [line 34] BAMOS
(b) Only one public altar (referred to as the Bamas Tzibur or the Bamah Gedolah) was in use at any particular time. At various times in our history, the Bamah Gedolah was in Gilgal, Nov and Giv'on (see Zevachim 112b). An individual could offer only voluntary sacrifices on a Bamah Gedolah. There is a difference of opinion among the Tana'im as to whether all communal sacrifices could be offered on a Bamah Gedolah or only the communal sacrifices that had a fixed time. (Zevachim 117a)
(c) Anyone could build a private altar anywhere (in Eretz Yisrael). An altar built by an individual for his personal sacrifices was called a Bamas Yachid or Bamah Ketanah. Only voluntary sacrifices were allowed to be offered on a Bamas Yachid.
20) [line 37] EIN BEIN ATZERES L'ATZERES, V'EIN BEN ROSH HA'SHANAH, ELA 4 YAMIM BILVAD - The day of the week on which Shavuos falls in two consecutive years is always four days apart; e.g. since Shavuos fell this past year on a Wednesday, it will fall next year on a Sunday
21) [last line] CHASERIN - months of only 29 days