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Shabbos 76

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Rashi 76a DH Ho'il u'Re'uyin:
The words "Im Kitze'a mi'Shenayim" are the beginning of a new Dibur. (In
it, Rashi repeats what he already wrote earlier, in more detail -- see Girsa Section 71:1)

1) [line 5] TEVEN - the hard, thick part of the stalk that is left in the ground when the wheat is harvested

2) [line 6] ATZEH - the Gemara explains this (see below, #6)
3) [line 6] AMIR - the soft, thin part of the stalk that is harvested with the wheat
4a) [line 7] ALEI SHUM - garlic shoots
b) [line 8] ALEI VETZALIM - onion shoots
5) [line 8] KI'GROGERES - the size of a dry fig
6) [line 11] TEVEN SHEL MINEI KITNIS - the hard, thick part of the stalk that is left in the ground when legumes are harvested

7a) [line 14] B'URSA - at night
b) [line 14] L'TZAFRA - the following morning
8) [line 22] ACHILAH AL YEDEI HA'DECHAK - eating food that is not normally eaten, where it is the only food available. In this case, the animal is not accustomed to eat another animal's food

9) [line 29] LA'CHAMUR SHE'BAHEN - [the animal food that requires a larger measure to be Chayav is not combined with the food] that requires a smaller measure [to create a Chiyuv of the smaller measure for the person who takes them out to Reshus ha'Rabim. The food that requires a smaller measure, however, *will* combine with the food that requires a larger measure to create a Chiyuv of the larger measure for the person who takes them out to Reshus ha'Rabim.]

10) [line 31] HA'BEGED 3 AL 3
(a) A Zav who emits Zov two or three times, whether it is emitted in one day or in two or three consecutive days, is an Av ha'Tum'ah.
(b) He can cause objects that are under him to become Avos ha'Tum'ah whether he touches them or not. The objects become Tamei Midras (lit. an object that is treaded upon), otherwise known as Mishkav or Moshav ha'Zav (or the *Tachton*, of a Zav.) An object may become a Midras if it was made for lying, sitting, or leaning upon.
(c) A cloth must be at least three Etzba'os (finger-breadths) square in order to become a Medras. A cloth that is smaller than this is Tahor due to its insignificance. Earthenware objects (Klei Cheres) cannot become Midras.
(d) A person who touches or carries a Midras is Tamei and is Metamei the clothes he is wearing and other utensils (except for earthenware utensils) that he is touching. He and the items he touches get the status of Rishon l'Tum'ah.
(e) Utensils or clothes which lie above the Zav also get the status of a Rishon l'Tum'ah, whether he touches them or not. These are called the *Elyon* of a Zav.


a) BEGED - a cloth garment
b) [line 31] SAK - a sack made of goats' hair
c) [line 32] OR - an article made of leather
d) [line 32] MAPATZ - a mat woven from reeds

12) [line 1] CHAZYA L'DUGMA - they are fit to be used together as samples [of what the store owner has to sell]

13) [line 3] GAR'INEIHEN - their pits
14) [line 3] UKTZEIHEN - their stems
15) [line 4] SUBAN - their bran that adheres to the wheat kernel that is separated out in the last stages of sifting

16) [line 4] MURSENAN - their coarse bran that comes off the wheat when it is pounded (RAMBAM, Peirush ha'Mishnayos, RASHI Chulin 88b - Rashi on our Daf exchanges the definitions of Suban and Mursenan)

17) [line 4] KELIPEI ADASHIN - lentil shells

18) [line 7] CHALAH
Whenever a person kneads a dough made from one of the five species of grain (wheat, barley, oats, rye or spelt), he must separate a small portion to be given to the Kohen, as specified in Bamidbar 15:17-21. This portion is called Chalah. The requirement to separate Chalah with a Berachah only applies to a dough made from the volume of 43.2 Beitzim of flour (about 10 1/2 cups or 2.48 liters). An amount about half that much requires Chalah to be separated without a Berachah. A baker must separate 1/48 of his dough as Chalah, while a normal homeowner must separate 1/24.

19) [line 8] BELUSAH - mixed with bran
20) [line 12] ATIKEI - stored, dried (lit. old)
21) [line 14] KI'ZEVUVIN BA'KE'ARAH - like flies in the plate (since the bean shells of stored beans are black)

**********PEREK HA'MOTZI YAYIN*********

22) [line 16] KEDEI MEZIGAS HA'KOS - the amount of undiluted wine necessary such that it will achieve the proper dilution when water is added. The Gemara defines the type and size of cup that the Mishnah is discussing

23) [line 16] CHALAV - milk
24) [line 17] GEMI'AH - a swallow
25) [line 18] KASIS - a graze; wound (on the back of beasts of burden)
26) [line 19] LA'SHUF - to dilute and soften by mixing in water
27) [line 19] KILOR - a salve
28) [line 20] SHOFCHIN - foul-smelling water
29) [line 23] KOS SHEL BERACHAH - the cup of wine used for Grace after Meals
30) [line 25] ROVA REVI'IS - 1/4 of a Revi'is, which in turn is 1/4 of a Log (see Rashi 77a DH Tanina)

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