(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof

Ask A Question on the daf

Previous daf

Shabbos 63

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 63a [line 25]:
The words "Kad Havina Bar Tamnei Serei Shenin *v'Havah*"
should be "Kad Havina Bar Tamnei Serei Shenin *Havah*"
(Oxford manuscript)

1) [line 1] YAYIN CHARDALI - (a) a dark red wine, i.e. a woman with a dark complexion (RASHI); (b) an ugly woman (ARUCH)

2) [line 1] MASAV RACHAV - a wide couch, i.e. a large woman
3) [line 4] KINAMON - (a) fragrant cinnamon, the dried bark of the cinnamon tree, cultivated mainly in Ceylon; (b) aloeswood or lignum aloes, which grow in the East Indies and tropical Southeast Asia. (There are indications that they used to grow in the Holy Land.)

4) [line 4] REICHAN NODEF - their fragrance would waft
5) [line 6] B'GAZA'EI D'TZIMTZEMA'I MALKESA - (a) in the treasures of Queen Tzimtzema'i (RASHI); (b) It is set aside in a king's storehouse with which the queen alone may adorn herself (the word "Metzamtzem" means "Mekashet" - to adorning oneself, as explained by the Pesikta d'Rav Kahana) (MAHARSHA, citing the ARUCH)

6) [line 7] SAYIF - sword
7) [line 7] KESHES - bow
8) [line 7] TERIS - shield
9) [line 7] ALAH - club, mace
10) [line 8] ROMACH - spear
11) [line 9] "V'CHITESU ..." - "And they shall beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks" (Yeshayahu 2:4)

12) [line 10] BIRIS - a metal ring worn around the thigh to hold up leggings. It does not receive Tum'ah because it is not directly useful to people. It is a utensil that serves a utensil (the leggings.) The Sages did not worry that a woman would take it off to show her friends since she would thereby uncover her leg, an unthinkable embarrassment.

13) [line 11] KEVALIM - two Biris rings attached by a chain
14) [line 11] KULFA - (O.F. macugue) club, mace
*15*) [line 14] SHERAGA B'TIHARA - That is, the beauty of wearing weapons is that the weapons show a person's power and confidence. In the times of Mashiach, a display of power will be totally unnecessary (since everyone will be perfectly safe without any weapons) just as a torch is unnecessary and useless in the light of day. Therefore, weapons will lose their beauty.

16) [line 16] SHI'ABUD GALUYOS - the oppression and subjugation of the people of Yisrael by the nations of the world, due to the Diaspora

*17*) [line 16] MESAYEI'A LEI L'REBBI CHIYAH - The *Rabanan of the first Beraisa* support the statement of Rebbi Chiya bar Abba (which contradicts Shmuel's statement.)

18) [line 23] "CHAGOR CHARBECHA AL YARECH, GIBOR HODECHA VA'HADARECHA" ..." - "Gird your sword upon your thigh, O mighty one, it is your majesty and splendor" (Tehilim 45:4)

19) [line 25] HAVAH GAMIRNA - I had learned
20) [line 27] LIGMAR INISH V'HADAR LISBAR - a person should first learn the simple meaning of Shas and then go over it and try to understand its deeper meanings

*21*) [line 27] SIMAN ZARUS - The Dikdukei Sofrim #70 is not Gores these two words, and they are indeed ambiguous. There are those who say that it is a mnemonic for Rebbi Ela*z*ar, *R*eish Lakish *v'S*almideihem (those who quoted the teachings in their names)

22) [line 28] HA'MECHADEDIN ZEH LA'ZEH B'HALACHAH - that sharpen one another when learning Halachah (to attain the correct Halachah)

23) [line 28] MATZLI'ACH LAHEM - makes them successful
24) [line 28] "VA'HADARCHA TZELACH RECHAV AL DEVAR EMES V'ANVAH TZEDEK, V'SORECHA NORA'OS YEMINECHA" - "And this is your splendor: gain success, ride high on truthfulness and righteous humility, May it guide you to awesome deeds with your right hand" (ibid. 45:5) - The Sages describe the great deed and the rewards alluded to in this verse.

25) [line 30] HEGIS DA'ATO - if he became haughty
26) [line 32] B'YMINAH SHEL TORAH - they will merit the things that are promised to those who learn Torah in the correct fashion, as described in the verse "Orech Yamim b'Yminah" (Mishley 3:16,) according to the teaching of Rava bar Rav Shila

27a) [line 35] MAIMININ BAH - (a) those who learn it to the best of their ability; (b) those who learn li'Shmah (for a thorough explanation of Torah li'Shmah, see Nefesh ha'Chayim by Rav Chayim mi'Volozhin, Fourth Sha'ar
b) [line 36] MASME'ILIM BAH - (a) those who learn it with less than their full capability; (b) those who learn she'Lo li'Shmah

28) [line 37] HA'NOCHIN ZEH LA'ZEH B'HALACHAH - (a) who learn Halachah with each other in a *pleasant* manner; (b) who *lead* each other while learning together to understand the Halachah correctly

29) [line 38] "AZ NIDBERU ..." - "Then those who fear the Lord spoke to one another, and the Lord hearkened, and heard it, and a book of remembrance was written before Him for those who feared the Lord, and took heed of his name." (Malachi 3:16) - In this verse the word "Nidberu" refers to speaking.

30) [line 39] "YADBER AMIM TACHTENU" - "He subdues nations under our dominion and kingdoms beneath our feet" (Tehilim 47:4) - In this verse the word "Yadber" refers to (a) pleasantness and humility or (b) subduing.

31) [line 41] K'MA'AMARAH - exactly as stated
32) [line 43] "BA'ASHER DEVAR MELECH SHILTON ..." - "Since a king's word has authority, who would dare say to him 'What are you doing?'" (Koheles 8:4) - Since the next verse states that one who keeps the commandments shall feel no evil thing, we learn that one who keeps the commandments has the ability (kiv'Yachol) to tell HaSh-m what to do.

33) [line 46] "HA'YOSHEVES BA'GANIM ..." - "O you who dwell in the gardens (synagogues and study-houses), your fellow scholars are listening to your voice of Torah, let Me hear it" (Shir ha'Shirim 8:13)

34) [line 48] HA'MADGILIM ZEH LA'ZEH - (a) who *gather* one another together to learn Torah since they do not have a teacher (RASHI); (b) who learn *incorrectly*, and never arrive at the true interpretation of the Torah. Nevertheless, HaSh-m loves them for their effort (TOSFOS Avodah Zarah 22b DH Ragla, citing RABEINU TAM)

35) [line 49] TZURSA D'SHEMA'ATA - the outline or background of the topic, which they did once learn from a teacher

36) [line 50] MASA - the city
37) [line 50] L'MIGMAR MINEI - to learn from him
38) [line 51] MATIL B'CHIS - a person who gives a Talmid Chacham money with which to do business for half of the profit

39) [line 52] NOKEM V'NOTER - takes revenge and remembers the wrong done to him
40) [line 53] CHAGREIHU AL MASNECHA - gird him on your loins, i.e. stay close to him

41) [line 53] IM AM HA'ARETZ HU CHASID - if an Am ha'Aretz (an unlearned Jew) appears to be meticulous in his keeping the Mitzvos


42) [line 4] L'MEIFA - to bake
43) [line 5] NAVACH BAH KALBA - a dog barked at her
44) [line 5] IS'AKAR VELADA - she miscarried
45) [line 5] MAREI D'VEISA - the owner of the house
46) [line 6] LO SIDCHALI - do not fear
47) [line 7] D'SHAKILEI NIVEI - because his canine teeth have been removed
48) [line 8] U'SHKILAN TUFREI - and his nails have been removed
49) [line 9] SHEKULA TIVUSICH V'SHADYA A'CHIZREI - your good intentions were useless (lit. the good that you did has been removed and thrown on the thorns)

50) [line 10] KEVAR NAD VELAD - the fetus has already been aborted
*51*) [line 10] MAI DI'CHTIV "SEMACH BACHUR" - Apparently, Rav Huna's statement is quoted in our Gemara because (a) it refers to the world to come (that is, the Day of Final Judgment), a subject discussed in an earlier Sugya, and (b) there is an argument as to whether the verse he is discussing ("Semach Bachur...") is to be taken literally, or refers to learning Torah, just as we saw with regard to the verse "Chagor Charbecha" in an earlier Sugya. (M. Kornfeld)

52) [line 11] "SEMACH BACHUR B'YALDUSECHA ..." - "Rejoice young man in your childhood, and let your heart cheer you in the days of your youth, follow the path of your heart and the sight of your eyes; but be aware that for all these things Elokim will call you to account" (Koheles 11:9)

53) [line 18] ETZ'ADAH - a bracelet
54) [line 24] SHALSHELES - a chain
55) [line 34] SHE'HAYU PESI'OSEIHEN GASOS - they took wide steps
56) [line 34] V'HAYU BESULOSEIHEN NOSHROS - their Besulim tore because of their wide steps
57) [line 37] IS'AR BEHU - he woke up
58) [line 38] YEYASHER - well-said!
59) [line 38] KI ASA RAV DIMI - when Rav Dimi came to Bavel (from Eretz Yisrael)
60) [line 39] ARIG KOL SHEHU - a woven cloth of a minute size
61) [line 40] ME'TZITZ - from the Tzitz (the ornament worn by the Kohen Gadol on his forehead)

62) [line 41] TAS - plate
63) [line 45] B'SHITAH ACHAS - on one line
64) [line 45] KI SALIK RAV DIMI - when Rav Dimi went up
65) [line 47] BERAM - truly, however
66) [line 51] MUSAF SAK AL HA'BEGED - a minute piece of Sak (a sack made of goat's hair) has an additional Halachah not found in the laws of a minute piece of Beged (an article of clothing,) namely that even though the piece of Sak is not woven (it is braided,) it may become Tamei

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,