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Shabbos 60

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 60a [line 2]:
The word "*b'Arsi*"
should be "*b'Adsha*"
This is the Girsa of Dikdukei Sofrim #7, the Oxford manuscript and the
Aruch (Erech Adash.) It also appears this way in Rashi of the Soncino
edition of the Shas.

[2] Gemara 60b [line 24]:
The words "Ba'a Minei Rav Huna mi'Rav *Ashi*"
should be "Ba'a Minei Rav Huna mi'Rav *Ami*"
This is the Girsa of the Oxford manuscript, Rabeinu Chananel and
Chidushei ha'Ran. (See Hagahos Dikdukei Sofrim #8)

[3] Gemara 60b [line 28]:
The words "Amar *Rav Ashi* v'Lo Yada Mar Mai Ta'ama"
should be "Amar *Rebbi Asi* v'Lo Yada Mar Mai Ta'ama"
(Rav Ashi lived much later than Rebbi Ami) Ya'avetz

1) [line 1] KULAV - a movable stand with nails for hanging merchandise
2) [line 1] MASMEROSAV - its nails
3) [line 2] (ARSI) ADSHA - (O.F. estadera) a large scale
4) [line 2] SHALSHELOSAV - it chains
5) [line 3] HAMA'AMID - the object that supports it
6) [line 4] LI'TZEDADIM KETANI - the two objects mentioned refer to two different cases, respectively

7) [line 6] TUM'AH A SHABBOS KA'RAMIS - are you posing a question from Tum'ah to Shabbos?! (i.e. they have different laws)

8) [line 11] OGERES BAH SA'ARAH - (a) gathers and winds her hair around the pin (RASHI);
(b) sticks the pin in her headdress to tighten it so that her hair stays inside (TOSFOS)

*9*) [line 12] K'BIRIS, TEHORAH - like the Biris, which the Mishnah (63a) tells us is Tahor. (See Tosfos who discusses what point there is in mentioning that the Biris is *Tahor*)

10) [line 17] PADACHTAH - her forehead
*11*) [line 17] SANDAL HA'MESUMAR - a wooden sandal that has nail-heads protruding from its sole, which may be worn forwards or backwards.
METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION: A block of wood was covered in the center by a piece of leather which allowed the foot to enter. The leather was nailed down on both sides, with the nail-heads protruding slightly from the bottom of the wood. A long strap extending from both sides was attached in the center by nails, which was used to secure the sandal on the foot. The wooden block is called *Sole*, the upper piece of leather is called *Panta* and the straps are called *Tarsiyos* (Rashi 60b DH Ela l'Chazek and DH Tarsiyosav) (see Graphic #1)

12) [line 18] YACHID - with only one sandal
13) [line 19] KEMEI'A - amulet or charm
14) [line 20] MIN HA'MUMCHEH - made by a doctor who is an authority
15) [line 20] SHIRYON - armor, suit of mail
16) [line 20] KASDA - a leather cap worn under a metal helmet
17) [line 21] MAGAPAYIM - boots of armor
18) [line 23] SHILFEI HA'GEZEIRAH - people escaping the decree against practicing Judaism

19) [line 23] NECHBA'IN - hiding


20) [line 4] KINUFIYAH - a large gathering of people

21) [line 11] OCHEL NEFESH
The Mishnah (Megilah 7b) states that the only difference between Shabbos and Yom Tov is that the preparation of food is permitted on Yom Tov. This is learned from Shmos 12:16, which excludes food preparation from the prohibitions of Yom Tov. All Melachos of Shabbos are prohibited on Yom Tov even if they are done expressly for the purpose of food preparation, except for the Melachos of Hotza'ah mi'Rshus li'Rshus (transferring objects from one domain to another) and Hav'arah (transferring flames,) which are necessary for food preparation. Since these Melachos were permitted for the purpose of food preparation, they were also permitted for any purpose. (RAMBAM Hilchos Yom Tov 1:4)

22) [line 15] ASBERA LACH - I will explain to you
23) [line 15] L'DIDI - according to my opinion
24) [line 16] TARSIYOSAV - its straps
25) [line 17] SANDAL HA'NOTEH - a sandal which is leaning to one side, since that side of the sole has been worn down

26) [line 22] EIFAH - the name of a Sage, the son of Rachba of Pumbedisa
27) [line 27] RATZ'ANA - shoemaker, leather-worker
28) [line 28] TAFRO MIBIFNIM - if he sewed a leather lining inside of it
29) [line 33] K'MIN KALABUS - bent like a staple
30) [line 35] CHIFAHU - he filled it (lit. he covered it)
31) [line 36] SHE'LO SEHE KARKA OCHALTO - so that the sole does not get corroded by the ground

32) [line 40] NASHRU - fell out
33) [line 42] K'MIN TAS - [nails] with a wide, flat head
34) [line 43] K'MIN YASED - [nails] with a sharp head
35) [line 52] BAVLA'I SHA'RI ISUREI - the Babylonian who permits things that are forbidden.

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