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Shabbos 59

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 59b [line 36]:
The words "Amar Rav Yehudah Amar Rav *Shmuel*"
should be "Amar Rav Yehudah Amar Rav *Sheshes*"
This is the Girsa of Rabeinu Chananel, Rif, Rashba and other Rishonim. It
is also the Girsa of Dikdukei Sofrim #4. (The Girsa was changed according
to the emendation of the Maharshal, however, the Girsa in the Maharshal was
then changed to read "Rav Sheshes," and not "Rav Shmuel," in accordance
with all of the above Rishonim.)

[2] Gemara 59b [line 44]:
The words "*v'Amar* Rebbi Zeira Lo Kashya"
should be "*Amar* Rebbi Zeira Lo Kashya"
This is the Girsa of the Warsaw edition of the Shas and all other editions,
except for the Vilna edition.

[3] Rashi 59b DH a'Avnet Shel Melachim:
The words "Benei Melachim *Re'uyim* Lo"
should be "Benei Melachim *u'Re'uyim* Lo"
(This is the Girsa of Rashi on the Rif)

1) [line 1] L'HAKISHO - to bang it (producing a sound)
2) [line 4] L'GAME'A BO MAYIM L'TINOK - to give a child water to sip from it

(a) A Zav, whether he sees Zov two or three times, is an Av ha'Tum'ah. He can cause objects that are under him to become Avos ha'Tum'ah whether he touches them or not. The objects becomes Tamei Midras (lit. an object that is treaded upon), otherwise known as Mishkav or Moshav ha'Zav (or the *Tachton*, of a Zav.) Any object (besides earthenware utensils and foods) may become a Mishkav or Moshav if it was made for lying or sitting upon.

(b) A person who is touching or carrying a Mishkav or Moshav is Metamei the clothes he is wearing and other utensils (except for earthenware utensils) that he may be touching. These items get the status of Rishon l'Tum'ah.

(c) Utensils or clothes which lie above the Zav also get the status of a Rishon l'Tum'ah, whether he touches them or not. These are called the *Elyon* of a Zav.

4) [line 6] KAFAH - he turned over

5a) [line 6] SE'AH - a container used for measuring a Se'ah

  • 1 Se'ah = 6 Kavim
  • 1 Kav = 4 Lugim
  • 1 Lug = 6 Beitzim
b) [line 7] TARKAV - a container used for measuring 3 Kavim (half of a Se'ah)

*6*) [line 11] V'EIN OMRIM B'TAMEI MES, AMOD V'NA'ASEH MELACHTENU - We do not require a broken Kli to serve a purpose similar to its original purpose, in order for it to be Mekabel Tum'ah. (That is, even if, when broken, it is used for an entirely new purpose, it is still Tamei. See Insights.)

7) [line 14] EIFUCH KAMAISA - switch the names of the Amoraim in the first Beraisa so that Rebbi Yochanan is the one who says that the object must still serve the purpose of a bell

8) [line 14] SANDAL SHEL BEHEMAH - a animal's shoe (which is in the form of a receptacle for the animal's foot, unlike the horseshoes in our time)

9) [line 18] KERAV - battle
10) [line 19] BARKANIM - thistles
11) [line 20] D'MA'IS - if it is dirty and disgusting to drink from
12) [line 21] D'YAKIR - if it is heavy


13) [line 10] KELILA - tiara, a decorative half-crown that a bride wears
14) [line 11] D'ANISKA - [a Kelila] made of cast metal
15) [line 12] D'ARUKTA - [a Kelila] made of a cloth band decorated with gold and precious stones

16) [line 21] ARICHA - tall
17) [line 21] MATLA - lame
18) [line 24] B'REISHA - at the head of the Yeshiva
19) [line 25] L'MEISAV GABEI - to sit and learn with him
20) [line 30] MEIKAF HAVAH KAYIF LEI - he was subordinate to him
21) [line 32] KA NAICHA NAFSHEI D'REBBI - when Rebbi passed away

22) [line 34] "V'SIGZAR OMER ..." - "You shall also decree a thing and it shall be established for you, and the light shall shine upon your ways (Iyov 22:28) - Elifaz ha'Teimani tells Iyov that if a person is righteous, he will have the opportunity to have all that he decrees come about. Chazal learn that this applies to all true Tzadikim.

23) [line 37] ME'CHADA MAVO'AH - from one alleyway
24) [line 38] KAMRA - an ornamental belt
25) [line 38] D'ARUKTA - [a Kamra] made of a cloth band decorated with gold and precious stones

26) [line 39] D'ANISKA - [a Kamra] made of cast metal
27) [line 40] ILUYEI HEMYANA - on top of a belt
28) [line 41] RISUKA - a wide cloak
29) [line 41] MAFRACHYASA - (O.F. pendanz) strings to fasten a cloak
30) [line 42] NIZMEI HA'AF - nose-rings
31) [line 44] KATLA'OS - chokers
32) [line 47] ALMOG - coral
33) [last line] OL - a yoke
34) [last line] SIMLONAV - pegs that are placed in a yoke at a distance of the width of the ox's neck. The yokes used at the time were straight beams, with pegs to keep them from slipping.

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