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Shabbos 47

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Rashi 47a DH d'Is Bei Karatin:
The words "u'Levonah *d'Chazya* l'Hari'ach"
should be "u'Levonah *Chazya* l'Hari'ach"

[2] Rashi 47b DH Min ha'Tzad:
The words "Mipnei *she'Einah Teku'ah*"
should be "Mipnei *she'Eino Tok'ah*"
(as it appears in the Ran.)

[3] Rashi 47b DH Ein Bahen Mamash:
See Girsa Section 43:1

[4] Rashi 47b DH k'Rebbi Yosi:
"b'Chol Kisvei"
Source: 120a

1) [line 1] BASIS L'DAVAR HE'ASUR See Insights

*2*) [line 4] MACHTAH B'AFARAH - The Gemara currently assumes that the ashes are Muktzah. Two example of ashes that are Muktzah are: (a) the ashes left over from what a fire burned on Shabbos (RITVA); (b) ashes that were there before Shabbos, but the person who owned them did not intend during Bein ha'Shemashos to use them on Shabbos (RAMBAN)

3) [line 6] KALKALAH - a basket
4) [line 9] ESHTOMAM K'SHA'A CHADA - Rav Asi was stunned speechless for a moment. [This is a quote from Daniel 4:16 when Daniel heard Nevuchadnetzar's dream.]

5) [line 10] KARATIN - grains of incense
6) [line 11] BEI REBBI - in the house of Rebbi Yehudah ha'Nasi
7) [line 14] GERAF SHEL REI'I - a clay vessel for the collection of excrement
8) [line 18] KANONA AGAV KITMA - a fire pan because of its (usable) ashes. See Insights

*9*) [line 20] V'SHAVIN SHE'IM YESH BAH SHIVREI PESILAH SHE'ASUR L'TALTEL - That is, it is prohibited to move a lamp that contains leftover oil and broken pieces of wick even according to Rebbi Shimon, who permits moving the lamp when it contains only leftover oil.

10) [line 21] BI'GLILAH SHANU - this Beraisa was taught in the Galil (where the leftover wicks had value)

*11*) [line 22] LEVI BAR SHMUEL - It seems that this Sugya is connected to the Sugya on Daf 46a, which refers to a candelabrum that has separable parts. The intervening Sugyos completed the explanation of our Mishnah, and now the Gemara continues with a discussion of a bed made of separable parts. (M. Kornfeld)

12) [line 24] MITAH SHEL TARSIYIM - a folding bed, i.e. a bed that has separable parts

13) [line 28] HA'MACHTZIR KENEI MENORAH - a person who attaches a detachable branch of a candelabrum

14) [line 29] KENEI SAYADIN - the extension pole used by whitewashers, which was made of separable parts

15) [line 33] MALBENOS HA'MITAH - small cubes used to protect the feet of beds

16) [last line] LEVACHIM SHEL SEKIVAS - (a) a piece of wood used in a crossbow (O.F. arbaleste) (RASHI, ARUCH); (b) the target (ARUCH)


17) [line 1] LO YITKA - he should not put them firmly in place with wedges (O.F. coinz)
18) [line 3] MITAH GELALANISA - (O.F. torendiz) a folding bed
19) [line 3] HAVAH MEHADREI LEI - they would set it up
*20*) [line 4] L'RAVA - Rava was the grandson of Chama who is mentioned here. Rabeinu Chananel, however, had the Girsa *l'Rav Chama* and this appears to be the Girsa of the Rosh, also.

21) [line 5] BINYAN MIN HA'TZAD - building in an unusual manner on Shabbos, which is not liable to punishment

22) [line 9] NITZOTZOS - sparks
23) [line 14] GOREM L'CHIBUY ASUR - an action which indirectly causes a fire to be extinguished is forbidden

24) [line 14] V'TISBERA? - do you really think so

**********PEREK BA'MEH TOMNIN**********

25) [line 23] TOMNIM
In order to keep food warm for the Shabbos day meal, dishes are heated on Friday and completely wrapped in insulating material (the process called Hatmanah) before sunset. If the material used adds heat to the food, the Hatmanah is prohibited.

26) [line 24] GEFES - olive-waste after their oil has been pressed out
27) [line 24] ZEVEL - dung
28) [line 25] SID - lime, plaster
29) [line 26] ZAGIN - grape-waste after they have been pressed to make wine
30) [line 26] MUCHIN - soft substances such as combed wool, rag, lint, etc.
31) [line 29] SHUMSHEMIN - sesame seeds
32) [line 31] CHAD D'VEI REBBI YANAI - one of the scholars of the Beis ha'Midrash of Rebbi Yanai

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