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 Gemara 46a [last line]
1) [line 1] LINTOSAH - to spread out [the canopy.] Since the uppermost part of the canopy is not a Tefach wide, it does not violate the prohibition of pitching a tent, which falls under the Melachah of Boneh (building)
2) [line 1] L'FARKAH - to take it apart
5) [line 17] HORAH BI'MENORAH K'REBBI SHIMON B'NER - [Rebbi] ruled in the case of a candelabrum like Rebbi Shimon in the case of a lamp. The Gemara ponders whether (a) Rebbi ruled that a candelabrum is not Muktzah *like* Rebbi Shimon ruled with regard to a lamp, or (b) Rebbi ruled that a candelabrum is Muktzah *and* that the Halachah with regard to a lamp follows Rebbi Shimon's ruling, that it is not Muktzah
6) [line 31] SHERAGA D'MISHCHA - an oil lamp (which has gone out)
8) [line 33] BEI KAR'EI - his shoe[s]
12) [line 1] SHEIRIM - bracelets
15) [line 9] MUMO
(b) If the Bechor has a Mum, it cannot be offered as a Korban. It must be slaughtered and eaten during its first year. If it develops a Mum after the year (in the case where the Kohen was negligent and did not offer it as a Korban in its first year,) it must be slaughtered and eaten within thirty days. The Kohen can give it away or sell it, even to someone who is not a Kohen. However, it may not be sold in the marketplace or weighed in the usual manner.
(c) If the Kohen suspects that his Bechor has a Mum, he must take it to a Chacham (an authority on Mumim) to check whether the Mum is permanent. If it is, the Chacham rules that the animal no longer needs to be brought as a Korban. A Kohen who is a Chacham may not rule with regard to his own animals.
(d) Now that there is no Beis ha'Mikdash, a Kohen must care for a Bechor without a Mum until it develops one. Alternatively, he can sell it, even if it has no Mum, to someone who is not a Kohen, who may eat it after it develops a Mum. It may not be bought, however, in order to resell for a profit. (Sefer ha'Chinuch #393, #445)
*16*) [line 16] MI YEIMAR D'MIZDAKEK LEI CHACHAM - who is to say that he will find a Chacham [on Yom Tov who will rule with regard to the Mum on his animal]? (Furthermore, Rebbi Shimon rules that it is *prohibited* for a Chacham to check Mumim on Yom Tov - TOSFOS.)
17) [line 17] MEFIRIN NEDARIM
(b) If they made a vow that pertains to Shabbos (e.g. not to eat on Shabbos,) he may even annul it on Shabbos.
18) [line 17] NISHALIN LI'NEDARIM
19a) [line 5] CHACHAM - an authority on vows who has the power to cancel a
*20*) [line 25] LO KAVSA LO, MAI TAIMA - That is, even though we have established that it is prohibited to take out oil from a burning lamp since the oil is Muktzah Machmas Mitzvah (above, Daf 45a), nevertheless this does not prohibit moving the lamp, according to Rebbi Shimon. Moving the lamp does not diminish the Mitzvah (TOSFOS 45a DH Ela.) See Insights, and Chart #8 footnote 2.
21) [line 25] BAHADEI D'NAKIT LAH - while he is holding it
22) [line 26] DAVAR SHE'EIN MISKAVEN, MUTAR
(b) Rebbi Shimon and Rebbi Yehudah disagree only if it is not clear that a furrow will be created (i.e., a Melachah will be done). If it is inevitable for a furrow to be created, the act is prohibited even according to Rebbi Shimon -- even though the person dragging the bench is not the least bit interested in the furrow, and does not intend to create it. Such a situation, in which a Melachah will inevitably be accomplished, is referred to as "Pesik Reisha v'Lo Yamus."
(c) A person must have specific *intent* to do a Melachah on Shabbos in order to be liable for punishment or to be required to bring a Korban. Therefore, if a person drags a bench and a furrow *does* result, even Rebbi Yehudah will agree that the person who dragged it is not obligated to bring a Korban, since the furrow was created accidentally. Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon argue only as to whether it is permitted *in the first place* to perform an action that may result in a Melachah.
23) [line 27] CHARITZ - furrow, groove