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Shabbos 44

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 44a [line 14]:
The words "v'Rebbi *Eliezer* b'Rebbi Shimon Omer"
should be "v'Rebbi *Elazar* b'Rebbi Shimon Omer"
(This is the Girsa in the Tosefta, the Rishonim, Dikdukei Sofrim, and the
Oxford Manuscript. This is also the way it should appear below.)

1) [line 1] ASI LI'CHEBUYEI - he will come to put out the fire
2) [line 4] MOSAR - the remainder

If an object is so disgusting (Mi'us) that people generally do not use it at all, Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon argue as to its status on Shabbos. Rebbi Yehudah prohibits moving it because it is considered to be "Muktzah Machmas Mi'us." Rebbi Shimon (who holds of a much narrower definition of Muktzah) permits moving and using it on Shabbos.

4) [line 6] YASHAN - a lamp which has been used


(a) MUKTZAH - The word Muktzah literally means "set aside at the brink [of one's intentions for use]." The term is used to describe items that are set aside not to be used right now, such as wood stacked in a barn. In a broader sense, the word Muktzah includes anything that a person did not intend to use during Bein ha'Shemashos at the start of Shabbos, for whatever reason it may be.

(b) THE ARGUEMENT OF THE TANA'IM - Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon argue as to whether one may move or use on Shabbos items that fit into certain categories of Muktzah. There are at least six different categories of Muktzah over which Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon disagree [(1) Hiktzehu mi'Da'ato; (2) Nolad; (3) Muktzah Machmas Isur; (4) Muktzah Machmas Mi'us; (5) Keli she'Melachto Eino Ela l'Isur; (6) Muchan la'Adam Eino Muchan l'Kelavim.] On Shabbos, objects that fit into one of these categories may not be moved according to Rebbi Yehudah. There are other categories of Muktzah which may not be moved according to both Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon [such as (1) Muktzah Machmas Gufo; (2) Huktzah l'Mitzvaso; (3) Davar she'Eino Ra'uy she'Decha'o b'Ydayim; (4) Davar he'Asur she'Lo Chashav she'Yavo l'Ydei Heter b'Shabbos.]

(c) Rebbi Meir rules that the lamp that was lit on Shabbos is Muktzah Machmas Isur. Even *after* the lamp goes out, the lamp may not be moved or used.

6) [line 13] ASHASHIS - lantern
7) [line 15] NER HA'KAVEH - a lamp which is going out - see Insights
8) [line 15] HA'METAFTEF - that drips
9) [line 26] DA'ATEI ILAVEI - he intends from before Shabbos to use it (lit. his mind is on it)

10) [line 26] NEFISHEI - there is a lot of oil
11a) [line 29] PAMOT - a metal lamp
b) [last line] METALTELIN NER CHADASH - That is, one may move an unused lamp on Shabbos l'Tzorech Gufo u'Mekomo, i.e. in order to use the lamp itself to perform activities that are permissible on Shabbos or to use the space upon which it is resting


12) [line 10] MUCHNI SHELAH - (a) its wheel (RASHI); (b) its base (RABEINU TAM); (c) its drawer (RAMBAM in Peirush ha'Mishnayos) - see Insights

13) [line 11] NISHMETES - come off, is removable
15) [line 12] EIN MATZELES IMAH B'OHEL HA'MES - see Insights

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