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Shabbos 35

1) [line 2] PALGA D'DANKA - one half of one sixth, i.e. one twelfth [of one Mil]. Since it takes an average man eighteen minutes to walk a Mil, the difference between the times of Rabah and Rav Yosef is one 1/2 minutes. According to the Rishonim who claim that it takes and average man 24 minutes to walk a Mil, the difference will be 2 minutes

2a) [line 2] V'CHILUFAH B'CHALASA - and [the rulings of Rabah and Rav Yosef] are switched in the case of a large cylindrical bee hive or basket. Whereas in the case of Bein ha'Shemashos, Rabah states the longer time (3) and Rav Yosef the shorter (2), in the bee hive or basket, Rav Yosef states the larger size (3) and Rabah the smaller (2).
b) [line 3] BAS TEREI KUREI - able to hold two Kur (sixty Se'ah)

3) [line 8] KAVERES HA'KASH - straw basket or bee hive
4) [line 8] KAVERES HA'KANIM - wicker basket or bee hive
5) [line 9] U'BOR SEFINAH ALEKSANDERIS - and the large barrel used for taking fresh water on an ocean voyage

6) [line 10] SHULAYIM - bottom
7) [line 10] SHE'HEN KURAYIM B'YAVESH - which can hold two Kur (sixty Se'ah) of dry measure

8) [line 11] HAI GUDSHA, TILSA HEVI - the heaping measure (that which sticks out above the rim of the utensil) is equal to a *third* [of the ensuing total] (i.e. it adds another *half* of the volume of the utensil when measuring dry things)

9) [line 12] D'KA DAVI L'MA'ARAV - that he was looking out towards the western sky

*10*) [line 14] PANIM HA'MA'ADIMIN ES HA'MIZRACH - The side of the sky that makes the eastern horizon red. [That is, the arrival of Shabbos can be discerned on *both* sides of the horizon (RITVA). The words "Penei Mizrach" in the Mishnah, however, mean "Ma'arav" (which faces Mizrach). Although the eastern side also turns red, the clearer sign is the western redness (RITVA, see also MAHARAM).

11) [line 17] V'SIMANICH KAVSA - and it is comparable to (lit. its sign is) a window

*12*) [line 19] HA'ROTZEH LEIDA SHI'URO SHEL REBBI NECHEMYAH - That is, although Rebbi Nechemyah gives a very clear Shiur in the Mishnah, the Gemara wants to describe the Shiur in terms of the time it takes to perform a Tevilah, so that people will be able to time their Tevilah to finish before Bein ha'Shemashos (TOSFOS -- according to this explanation, the Gemara is easier to understand if the *end* of the Tevilah coincides with the *beginning* of Bein ha'Shemashos, as Tosfos indeed explains. RASHI explains the Gemara according to its simple reading, though, that the end of the Tevilah coincides with the *end* of Bein ha'Shemashos, and its beginning coincides with the beginning of Bein ha'Shemashos. Nevertheless, the Gemara may be describing the Shiur of Rebbi Nechemyah in terms of Tevilah, for those that want to time their Tevilah to finish *before* Bein ha'Shemashos begins -- M.Kornfeld)

*13*) [line 19] YANI'ACH CHAMAH B'ROSH HA'KARMEL - (The name "Karmel" in this Sugya clearly does not refer to the Har ha'Karmel which lies along the Haifa coast, since the person in our Sugya appears to be watching the sun set to the West of Karmel, and then going to the Mikvah to the *East* of the mountain. Rather, it is a mountain to the west of Teveryah, from which one can see Lake Kineret to the East, as Rabeinu Chananel explains. This is equally evident from the fact that the well of Miriam if visible from the top of the Karmel, since we know that the well of Miriam is hidden in Lake Kineret.)

14) [line 23] KEMIN KEVARAH - like a sieve
15) [line 24] MA'AYAN HA'MITALTEL - a movable spring
16) [line 29] MEISHACH SHAYICH BED'REBBI YEHUDAH - is included within the period of time of Bein ha'Shemashos of Rebbi Yehudah

17) [line 40] D'SHALIM - finishes


18) [line 10] SHAM'EI - his attendant
19) [line 10] D'LO KIM LECHU - who are not well-versed in [the Rabbinical times, i.e. Bein ha'Shemashos]

20) [line 11] ADE'SHIMSHA A'REISH DIKLEI - while the sun is at the top of the palm trees

21) [line 11] ITLU SHERAGA - light the Shabbos candles
22) [line 12] B'MASA, CHAZI TARNEGOLA - in the city, see when the chickens sit on the beams of wood

23) [line 12] B'DABRA, URVEI - in the field, see when the ravens sit on the beams of wood

24) [line 13] ADANEI - (O.F. malve) mallows, a plant with a hairy stem and purple flowers whose leaves always face the sun

25) [line 14] L'HAVTIL ES HA'AM MI'MELACHAH SHEBA'SADOS - to cause the people to cease from work in the fields

26) [line 21] V'SHOVSIM MI'TOCH MERI'IN - and they stop work at the sound of a Teru'ah (many short Shofar blasts), not like Eretz Yisrael, where they stop work after the sound of a Tekiyah (a long Shofar blast)

27) [line 30] LA'ADOR - to hoe
28) [line 33] TERISIN MUNACHIN - the portable boxes of wares are still open in the marketplace

29) [line 42] CHAZAN HA'KENESES - the emissary of the community (appointed to blow the Shofar)

30) [line 45] CHATZOTZROS - trumpets
31) [last line] L'GAME'A BO MAYIM - to drink (lit. swallow) water with it

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