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Shabbos 32

1) [line 5] NAFAL TORA - if an ox falls to the ground
2) [line 6] CHADED L'SAKINA - sharpen the knife
3) [line 6] TAFISH TIROS AMSA - when the offenses of the maidservant increase
4) [line 7] B'CHAD MECHATRA LEHEVEI - one beating will take care of all of them [(O.F. batedure) act of striking]

5) [line 8] SHAVKEI L'RAVYA - leave a drunk alone
6) [line 8] DEMI'NAFSHEI NAFIL - because he will fall on his own
7) [line 9] RA'AYA CHAGRA - a lame shepherd
8) [line 9] V'IZEI RIHATAN - and light-footed goats that run away from him
9) [line 9] A'BAV CHUTRA MILEI - by the gate of the corral he will lash out at them
10) [line 10] V'A'BEI DAREI CHUSHBENA - and by the gate of the pen he will settle his accounts with them

11) [line 10] A'BAV CHENVASA - by the door of shops
12) [line 11] NEFISHEI ACHEI U'MERACHAMEI - there are many brothers and friends
13) [line 11] A'BAV BIZYUNEI - at the gate of prisons
14) [line 11] V'GAVREI HEICHA MIVDEKEI - when are the actions of men checked?
15) [line 13] MAVRA - a ferry
16) [line 13] MIFKID LEI DINA ALEI - the non-Jew will be judged for his sins
17) [line 15] BI'TREI UMEI - over two nations
18) [line 15] BADIK - check the boat
19) [line 17] MENAKIN - they deduct
20) [line 18] YOMA D'SHUSA - a day with a very strong southern wind
21) [line 20] "KI YIPOL HA'NOFEL MIMENU" - "[When you build a new house, you must make a guardrail for your roof ...] because the falling person will fall from it]" (Devarim 22:8)

22) [line 23] MEGALGELIN ZECHUS AL YEDEI ZAKAI V'CHOVAH AL YEDEI CHAYAV - a meritorious act is brought about from heaven through a meritorious person and a liable act through a guilty person

23) [line 24] HISVADEH - confess
24) [line 25] SERADYOT - Roman or Greek officer
25) [line 25] KOLAR - [Roman] prisoner's band or chain around the neck
26) [line 25] ALAH LA'MITAH V'NAFAL - if he went to bed and fell sick
27) [line 26] GARDOM - [Roman] executioner's scaffold
28) [line 27] PERAKLITIN GEDOLIM - advocates, defenders

29) [line 29] "IM YESH ALAV ... ME'REDES SHACHAS, MATZASI CHOFER" - "If he has an angel who defends him, one among a thousand, to declare his righteousness. Then He is gracious to him, and says, 'Deliver him from going down to the pit of destruction; I have found a ransom'" (Iyov 33:23-24) The phrase, "One among a thousand" can refer to one angel among one thousand angels or one plea out of one thousand claims of one angel.

30) [line 35] ARNA - "the chest"
31) [line 36] BEIS AM - meeting house of the people
32) [line 37] BIDKEI MISAH - Three actions of a woman are *checked* when her life is in danger. If she is found lacking in the laws of Nidah, Chalah or lighting Shabbos candles, she may die.

33) [line 38] DIVKEI MISAH - Three actions of a woman which bring death upon (lit. *attach* death to) her before her time

*34*) [last line] HILCHOS ... TERUMOS - (The word Terumos includes Chalah - which is why this statement is mentioned in our Sugya - see Rashi)


35) [line 5] "AL TITEN ES PICHA LA'CHATI ..." - "Do not let your mouth bring sin upon your flesh (your sons), and do not say before the messenger (the treasurer of Hekdesh) that it was a mistake; why should the Almighty be angry at your voice (your vow) and destroy the work of your hands?" (Koheles 5:5)

36) [line 13] "LA'SHAV HIKEISI ES BENEICHEM?! MUSAR LO LAKACHU" - "Have I smitten your sons for no reason?! [It is because] *you* did not learn discipline (the ways of the Torah) (Yirmeyahu 2:30, according to Rashi and Metzudas David ibid.)

37) [line 27] "GAM BI'CHNAFAYICH NIMTZE'U, DAM NAFSHOS EVYONIM NEKIYIM" - "Also because of the corners of your garments (upon which you did not put Tzitzis), the blood of the innocent poor (young children) was found among you (Yirmeyahu 2:34)

38) [line 29] SHE'ASU PESACHIM K'MACHTERES - that they made their doorways like tunnels (which are exempt from the Mitzvah of Mezuzah since they do not have door-frames), even though the doorways had door-frames

39) [line 32] SIMAN SANE CHALAH TERUMAH NIGZELES DINA SHEVU'AH SHIFUCHTA GILUYA V'NAVLUSA - This Siman (sign) is a memory device which hints at the next nine Sugyos that appear in the Gemara

40) [line 34] MAPELES NEFALIM - miscarries
41) [line 35] MECHUNAS - the storehouses of wine and oil
42) [line 35] ME'ERAH MISHTALACHAS BA'SHE'ARIM - the prices of wine and oil will go up (lit. a curse will be sent in the price rates)

43) [line 36] "AF ANI ..." - "Even I will do the same to you; I will diminish you with feelings of sudden terror, along with consumption and fever, destroying your outlook and making life hopeless. You will plant your crop in vain, because your enemies will eat it" (Vayikra 26:16) "I will diminish you" refers to the depletion of the storehouses of wine and oil. "Behalah" (feelings of sudden terror) is read "b'Chalah" - because of the sin of not separating Chalah or not giving it to the Kohen. "Destroying your outlook and making life hopeless" refers to the price rates of produce, which will be hit with run-away inflation.

44) [line 40] VEHA'YOKER HAVAH - and scarcity is permanent
45) [line 41] "TZIYAH GAM CHOM YIGZELU MEIMEI SHELEG, SHE'OL CHATA'U" - lit., "Drought and heat consume the snow waters; so does Gehinom consume those who have sinned" (Iyov 24:19); allegorically, "The commandments (Tziyah is related to Tzivuy - commandment) which apply when it is hot (Terumos and Ma'asros, which were not kept), steal the snow waters ..."

46) [line 44] "HAVI'U ES KOL HA'MA'ASER ..." (Malachi 3:10) - "Bring all the tithes into the storehouse so that there may be food in My house, and please test Me with it, ... if I will not open for you the windows of heaven, and pour out for you blessing with no end"

47) [line 46] AD SHE'YIVLU SIFSOSEICHEM MI'LOMAR DAI - until your lips will wear out and weary from saying "enough"

48) [line 47] GOVAI - locusts
49) [line 48] "SHIM'U HA'DAVAR HA'ZEH PAROS HA'BASHAN ASHER B'HAR SHOMRON, HA'OSHKOS DALIM, HA'ROTZETZOS EVYONIM" - "Hear this word, you cows of Bashan, that are in the mountain of Shomron, who oppress the poor, who crush the needy" (Amos 4:1) The "cows of Bashan" refer to: (a) the fat, wealthy upper class (TARGUM YONASAN); (b) the fat wives of government officials (RASHI)

50) [last line] NASHEI DI'MECHUZA - women of Mechuza

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