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Shabbos 25

1) [line 12] L'HASIKAH TACHAS TAVSHILCHA - to use it as fuel to cook your food
2) [line 14] "V'LO VI'ARTI MIMENU B'TAMEI" - "I have not consumed any of it (Ma'aser Sheni) while Tamei" (Devarim 26:14)

3) [line 22] U'MA RA'ISA - what did you see that made you decide to interpret the Pesukim in this manner, and not the opposite way?

4) [line 23] PIGUL
(a) A sacrifice that was slaughtered with the intention of eating it or offering it after its allotted time becomes disqualified. Such a Korban is forbidden to be eaten as stated in Vayikra (7:18) "v'Im He'achol Ye'achel mi'Bsar Zevach Shelamav ba'Yom ha'Shelishi Lo Yeratzeh, ha'Makriv Oso Lo Yechashev Lo, *Pigul* Yiheyeh, veha'Nefesh ha'Ocheles Mimenu Avonah Yisa." ("[If the person bringing the offering plans] to eat it on the third day, [the sacrifice] will not be accepted. It is considered *putrid* (disgusting, rejected) and it will not be counted in his favor. Any person who eats it will bear his guilt.")

(b) If a person eats Pigul intentionally he is Chayav Kares; if he eats it unintentionally he must bring a Korban Chatas. (Sefer ha'Chinuch Mitzvah 144)

5) [line 23] NOSAR
(a) If any meat of an animal of Kodshim remains after the time that was allotted for it to be eaten, it must be burned, as stated in Vayikra (19:6,8) "b'Yom Zivchachem Ye'achel umi'Macharas, *v'ha'Nosar* Ad Yom ha'Shelishi ba'Esh Yisaref. ... v'Ochlav Avono Yisa ... v'Nichresah ha'Nefesh ha'Hi me'Ameha."

(b) If someone eats Nosar intentionally he is Chayav Kares; if he eats it unintentionally, he must bring a Korban Chatas. (Sefer ha'Chinuch Mitzvah 215)

6) [line 24] ME'ILAH
(a) It is forbidden to derive personal benefit from anything that is Hekdesh. This is learned from the prohibition of "Lo Suchal le'Echol bi'Sha'arecha ... u'Ndarecha Asher Tidor" ("You may not eat in your settlements, ... and your pledges that you will pledge" - Devarim 12:17). The minimum amount for which one transgresses this prohibition is a Perutah's worth of benefit.

(b) If someone benefited from Hekdesh intentionally, he receives lashes and must pay to Hekdesh the amount that he benefited. However, the object from which he benefited remains Hekdesh.

(c) If someone benefited from Hekdesh unintentionally, the object loses its Kedushah. He must therefore bring a Korban Me'ilah and repay Hekdesh the value of his benefit plus an additional *fifth* (of the ensuing total, or a *quarter* of the original value). This is true of any object that has Kedushas Damim (i.e. it's value is consecrated to Hekdesh). An object that has Kedushas ha'Guf (i.e. an object with intrinsic Kedushah, such as the vessels used in the Beis ha'Mikdash or a live Korban) does not lose its Kedushah under any circumstances. (see Rashi Me'ilah 8a DH Chatas ha'Of)

7) [line 24] ONEN - a mourner during the time between death and burial

8) [last line] MISAH
The punishment that a non-Kohen and a Kohen who is Tamei receive for eating Terumah Tehorah is Misah bi'Ydei Shamayim. The Tif'eres Yisrael to Sanhedrin 9:6 lists three differences between Misah bi'Ydei Shamayim and Kares:

1) death before age 60 (according to the Yerushalmi Bikurim 2: before age 50) death after age 60
2) children may die at the time of the transgression (according to Riva, only for those sins where the Torah states the word "Aririm") children do not die because of the transgression (according to Kesef Mishnah, the sinner's animals may die)
3) there is a form where the soul is also cut off from the souls of the Jewish people the soul is untouched

9) [last line] CHOMESH
(a) After a crop is harvested, and brought to the owner's house or yard, he must separate Terumah from the crop, which he gives to a Kohen. Kohanim and members of their households are allowed to eat Terumah, as long as they are Tehorim.

(b) If a non-Kohen eats or benefits from Terumah in a normal fashion, he must pay the amount that he benefited to the Kohen who owns the Terumah, plus an additional *fifth* (of the ensuing total, or a *quarter* of the original value), which is given to any Kohen (Terumos, 6:2). The payment for the original amount must be made in the form of a food which can itself become Terumah (i.e., it is not already Ma'aser etc.)

(c) If he benefited in an abnormal fashion, such as drinking olive oil, he only pays the value of the object destroyed (i.e., the normal Halachah of damages applies to him.).


10) [line 1] HANACH NEFISHAN - these properties are greater in number
11) [line 3] "[REISHIS DEGANCHA TIROSHCHA V'YITZHARECHA ...] TITEN LO" - "[The first portion of your grain, wine and oil ...] give him (the Kohen)" (Devarim 18:4)

12) [line 14] AREIVAH - a basin
13) [line 16] SADININ HA'METZUYATZIN - a linen cloak with woolen Tzitzis
14) [line 17] MECHABIN MIMENU - hide from him
15) [line 21] GEZEIRAH MISHUM KESUS LAILAH - the Chachamim decreed not to put woolen Tzitzis on linen garments because he might put them on a garment that is only used at night which is not obligated in Tzitzis, thereby violating the prohibition of Kil'ayim

16) [line 21] "VA'TIZNACH MI'SHALOM NAFSHI, NASHISI TOVAH" - "My soul has loathed seeking peace, I have forgotten that which is good" (Eichah 3:17)

17) [line 26] KEILIM NA'IM SHE'ALEHA - the pleasant bedspreads and linens that are upon it

18) [line 27] MITAH MUTZA'AS - a bed that is laid out with its bedding
19) [line 28] NACHAS RU'ACH - pleasure, satisfaction
20) [line 35] TZARI - the sap of the balsam tree, Commiphora Opobalsamum, which grows wild in Yemen and around Mecca

21) [line 36] REICHO NODEF - its fragrance wafts into the air

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