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Shabbos 24

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 24a [line 11]:
The words "Amar Lehu *Rav Sheshes*, ki'Tefilah"
should be "Amar Lehu *Rava*, ki'Tefilah"
(since this incident took place in Rava's house. This is the way it appears
in the Rif and Rishonim. See the notes to the Dikdukei Sofrim #40, however,
that in some texts a different incident that happened in the house of the
Reish Galusa is also related, in which Rav Sheshes said his words.)

1) [line 26] TA'ANIYOS
When a community suffered because of lack of rain or other troubles, the Beis Din enacted public fasts to cause the people to repent so that the divine decree would be rescinded. In all, thirteen fasts were enacted in groups of three, three and seven, respectively. The groups of three took place in a pattern of Monday-Thursday-Monday. During the last seven, which followed the pattern M-T-M-T-M-T-M, the Chazan would pray a special Shemoneh Esrei prayer which consisted of twenty-four Berachos, as specified in Maseches Ta'anis 15a. The six extra Berachos were inserted in between the seventh and eighth Berachos of the regular Shemoneh Esrei prayer.

2) [line 26] MA'AMADOS
(a) The Mishnah in Ta'anis 26a states that the early prophets divided Benei Yisrael into twenty-four groups or Ma'amados. Each Ma'amad consisted of Kohanim, Leviyim and Yisraelim, and it was their duty to make sure that the Korbanos were sacrificed properly. The Ma'amados worked in a rotation, and were responsible for two weeks each year.

(b) When the turn of a certain Ma'amad came, the Kohanim and Leviyim would travel to the Beis ha'Mikdash to do the divine service. Some of the Yisraelim traveled to Yerushalayim, also, but most of them stayed in their own cities. It was their job to pray that the weeks Korbanos should be accepted by HaSh-m. They gathered together to fast, read special portions of the Torah and recite the special Shemoneh Esrei of Ta'aniyos mentioned above, #1.

*3*) [line 33] SHEL CHANUKAH B'MUSAFIN - That is, on Shabbos and Rosh Chodesh that come out during Chanukah, when one says Tefilas Musaf, should he mention Al ha'Nisim?


4) [line 12] MISHUM SAKANAH - because of danger.
The Chachamim ordained the Magen Avos prayer for Friday night in order to lengthen the services so that the people who came late would not be left alone in Shul (which was located in the fields).

5) [line 15] D'RAV BRUNA AMAR RAV - when one adds oil that is fit for lighting to melted Chelev or liquefied fish intestines, Rav Bruna cites Rav's opinion that they may be used to light Neros Shabbos (Daf 21a)

6) [line 15] V'LO MESAIMEI - it is not clear who holds which opinion
7) [line 17] ITRAN - the oil that flows from a pine tree after the pitch is removed
8) [line 19] SHEMEN SHUMSHEMIN - sesame oil
9) [line 20] SHEMEN TZENONOS - radish-seed oil
10) [line 20] SHEMEN PAKU'OS - oil of the desert gourd
11) [line 21] NEFT - naphtha
12) [line 27] LITEN LO BOKER SHENI LI'SREIFASO - to teach us that it is only burned on the second morning of Pesach (which is Chol ha'Moed)

13) [line 31] MACHSHIRIN - preliminary actions that must be done in preparation for the Mitzvah, e.g. making a knife for Milah and building an oven to roast the Pesach sacrifice

14) [line 31] MILAH SHE'LO BI'ZMANAH - Milah which is performed after the eighth day

15) [last line] D'ASYA B'KAL VA'CHOMER - that would otherwise have been permitted, since it may be learned through a Kal va'Chomer

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