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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 113

SANHEDRIN 113 (28 Teves) - sponsored by Reb Uri Sondhelm, to honor the fiftieth Yahrzeit of his father, Reb Asher ben Uri Shraga Sondhelm Z"L.


(a) We just established 'Ma'aser Sheini ... Yiganezu' ( in our Mishnah) by food that was purchased with Ma'aser Sheini money and that entered Yerushalayim from an Ir ha'Nidachas and became Tamei. We query this however, from the Mishnah in Ma'aser Sheini.
What does the Tana Kama of the Mishnah there rule, with regard to redeeming what is purchased with Ma'aser Sheini money if it became Tamei?

(b) And we answer that the author of our Mishnah is Rebbi Yehudah.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

(c) What problem do we have with establishing the Mishnah by Ma'aser Sheini Tamei according to Rebbi Yehudah?

(d) So we establish it by Ma'aser Tahor and even according to the Rabbanan, like Rava.
What distinction does Rava draw between Yerushalayim when there are no Mechitzos (walls) with regard to eating Ma'aser there, and the prohibition of subsequently redeeming it once it has entered ('Mechitzos Lik'lot')?

(e) How does this explain 'Ma'aser Sheini Yiganezu' in our Mishnah?

(a) We establish our Mishnah which rules 'Kisvei ha'Kodesh Yiganezu' not like Rebbi Eliezer.
Why is that? What does Rebbi Eliezer say about an Ir ha'Nidachas that has even one Mezuzah in it?

(b) What is Rebbi Eliezer's reason?

(a) What does Rebbi Avin Amar Rebbi Ila'i say about a 'K'lal ba'Asei and a P'rat be'Lo Sa'aseh'?

(b) Assuming that the Machlokes in our Mishnah, as to whether one is permitted to turn an Ir ha'Nidachas into gardens and orchards (Rebbi Akiva) or not (Rebbi Yossi Hagelili), is connected with Rebbi Avin's principle, how will we explain the Pasuk "ve'Haysah Teil Olam, Lo Sibaneh Od" ...

  1. ... according to Rebbi Yossi Hagelili?
  2. ... according to Rebbi Akiva?
(c) If, as we conclude, both Tana'im hold of Rebbi Avin Amar Rebbi Ila'i's principle, then what will be the basis of their Machlokes? On what grounds will Rebbi Akiva then permit it?
(a) On what grounds does the Beraisa permit the attached trees of an Ir Miklat?

(b) What is the Tana referring to when he adds 'shel Ir Acheres, Bein Telushin Bein Mechubarin Asur'? How does Rav Chisda interpret 'Ir Acheres'?

(a) On what basis is Yericho forbidden to be rebuilt?

(b) What did Yehoshua declare would happen to whoever rebuilt it?

(c) In connection with whom was this pronouncement fulfilled?

(d) Who were Aviram and Seguv?

(a) Would it have made any difference if someone had rebuilt Yericho, but renamed it?

(b) Was it Yericho itself that Chi'el rebuilt?

(c) How do we initially interpret the Beraisa 'ba'Aviram B'no Lo Hayah Lo Lil'mod, bi'Seguv Tze'iro Hayah Lo Lil'mod' (see Agados Maharsha)?

(d) For lack of evidence that Aviram was deserving of the title 'Rasha', how do we amend the Beraisa?

(e) And what do we learn from the fact that the Torah found it necessary to mention that S'guv was Chi'el's youngest son, when in fact, it is obvious?

(a) What was Chi'el's connection with King Achav?

(b) Achav and Eliyahu met at the Bei Timya of Chi'el.
What is 'Bei Timya'?

(c) Why do some people refer to it is 'Bei Ta'ama'?

(a) What did Achav ask Eliyahu on that occasion? Why was he surprised that Yehoshua's curse materialized so precisely?

(b) How did Eliyahu respond?

(c) How did he ensure that his oath would stand?

(d) Why did Hashem instruct Eliyahu to travel eastwards to the River K'ris?

(a) What did the ravens feed Eliyahu each morning and evening?

(b) From where did they obtain it?

(c) When did Hashem instruct Eliyahu to go to the town Tzorfas?

(d) How did Hashem then force Eliyahu to return the key of rain?

(e) Chazal list three keys that Hashem usually keeps under his own jurisdiction.
Which is the third?

(a) What did that Galile'an mean when in front of Rav Chisda, he compared the above to someone who locked the door and lost the key?

(b) Why did Eliyahu not visit Rebbi Yossi in Tzipori for three days?

(c) How did Rebbi Yossi prove that he was right?

Answers to questions



(a) What is the connection between the Pasuk (regarding the destruction of the Ir ha'Nidachas) "ve'Lo Yidbak be'Yadcha Me'umah" and our Mishnah's comment - 'because as long as there are Resha'im in the world, there is anger in the world'? What sort of Resha'im must the Tana be referring to?

(b) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei ...

  1. ... "be'Va Rasha Ba Gam Buz, ve'Im Kalon Cherpah"?
  2. ... "u'ba'Avod Resha'im Rinah"?
(c) What happens when a Tzadik ...
  1. ... passes away?
  2. ... comes into the world?
(d) The latter statement is based on the Pasuk in Bereishis "Zeh Yenachamenu mi'Ma'aseinu u'me'Itzvon Yadeinu".
About whom is the Torah speaking?
***** Hadran Alach 'Kol Yisrael Yesh Lahem Cheilek'
u'Selika Lah Masechet Sanhedrin *****

Answers to questions

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