REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 111
(a) How does Resh Lakish interpet the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Lachen Hirchivah She'ol
Nafshah, u"Pa'arah Pihah li'Veli Chok"?
(b) On what grounds does Rebbi Yochanan object?
(c) So how does Rebbi Yochanan interpret "li'Veli Chok"?
(a) Considering that Shem was the third son of No'ach, and Arpachshad, the third son
of Shem, how does Resh Lakish explain the Pasuk in Zechari'ah, which states that, in
the days of Mashi'ach, only one third of the sons of the people of the world will
(b) Based on the same objection as in the previous case, how does Rebbi Yochanan
explain the Pasuk?
(c) What exactly does this imply? Who exactly will survive, according to Rebbi
(d) According to the second interpretation, Resh Lakish explains 'Shelishis' to mean
a third of Yisrael, who is the third of Arpachshad, who is the third of Shem.
does Rebbi Yochanan say?
(a) In similar style, if Resh Lakish interprets the Pasuk in Yirmiyah "Ki Anochi
Ba'alti Bachem Velakachti Eschem Echad me'Ir, u'Shenayim mi'Mishpachah" literally,
how will Rebbi Yochanan interpret it?
(b) Rav objected (just as Rebbi Yochanan did), when Rav Kahana interpreted the Pasuk
like Resh Lakish.
On what occasion did he once quote the Pasuk "ve'Lo Simatzei
be'Eretz ha'Chayim" to Rav Kahana?
(c) What did he reply when Rav Kahana asked him why he was cursing him?
(a) How many of the six hundred thousand Jews between the ages of twenty and sixty
who left Egypt, entered Eretz Yisrael?
(b) Based on this fact, how does Rebbi Sima'i in a Beraisa, extrapolate from the
comparison between leaving Egypt and arriving in Eretz Yisrael (contained in the
Pasuk in Va'eira "ve'Lakachti Eschem Li le'Am, ve'Heveisi Eschem es ha'Aretz")?
(c) What happened to the remaining hundred and eighty thousand million Jews?
(d) What does Rava comment on this, based on the Pasuk in Hoshe'a "ve'Ansah Shamah
ki'Yemei Ne'urehah u'che'Yom Alosah me'Eretz Mitzrayim"?
(a) Which three atrocities did an elderly Egyptian once show Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi
Yossi (presumably in an ancient script, Agados Maharsha) in Alexandria, that his
fathers did to the Tana's?
(b) What do these have to do with Moshe Rabeinu's punishment?
(c) To which punishment are we referring?
(a) Who was Hashem referring to when He complained about those who were gone, and
were no longer to be found?
(b) What doubts might one have expected coming from ...
(c) What else did they not ask Hashem, which Moshe did (even earlier)?
- ... Avraham?
- ... Yitzchak?
- ... Ya'akov?
(a) Moshe prostrated himself (as a mark of thanks) when he stood on Har Sinai, after
the Chet ha'Eigel, and perceived the Midah of "Erech Apayim" (denoting temporary
forgiveness, and a chance to make good).
Answers to questions
What do the Rabbanan say?
(b) Which opinion has the support of a Beraisa?
(c) The Tana records the dialogue that took place between Hashem and Moshe when Moshe
ascended Har Sinai and found Him writing "Erech Apayim".
What did Hashem retort when
Moshe suggested ...
(d) And what did Moshe retort, when after Yisrael sinned by the Golden Calf, and
Moshe was Davening on their behalf, Hashem reminded him how he himself had
specifically asked for 'Erech Apayim la'Tzadikim'?
- ... 'Erech Apayim la'Tzadikim'?
- ... that the Resha'im deserve to perish?
(e) Which Pasuk in Ki Sisa did Moshe subsequently cite?
(a) What was Rebbi Chaga doing when he heard a child, who quoted the Pasuk in Tehilim
"Tefilah le'Moshe" immediately after that of "Edosecha Ne'emnu Me'od ... Hashem
(b) What did he extrapolate from there?
(a) Based on the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ba'Yom ha'Hu Yiheyeh Hashem Tzevakos la'Ateres
Tzvi ... ", what does Rebbi Elazar Amar Rebbi Chanina say will happen to those who
'do the will of Hashem and hope for His Glory'?
(b) And what does he learn from the words there "le'She'ar Amo"?
(c) If "u'le'Ru'ach Mishpat" refers to those who overcome their Yetzer-ha'Ra and do
Teshuvah on their sins, what does the Navi mean when he adds ...
(d) What did Hashem answer the Midas ha'Din, when it asked what it was that caused
those who are precluded from attaining these levels?
- ... "u'le'Yoshev al ha'Mishpat"?
- ... "ve'li'Gevurah"?
- ... "Meshivei Milchamah"?
(e) Their end is hinted in the words "Paku Peliliyah".
What do they mean?
(a) What does our Mishnah extrapolate from the Pasuk in Re'ei (in connection with the
Ir ha'Nidachas) "Yatz'u Anashim B'nei Beliya'al *mi'Kirbecha*"?
(b) What specifications (besides the fact that they must be residents of the town and
members of that tribe) must the Madichin (those who talk the residents into sinning)
fulfill, for the town to become an Ir ha'Nidachas?
(c) What happens to a town where only a minority were talked into worshipping
Avodah-Zarah or if the Madichin were non-residents?
(d) What are the ramifications of this Halachah?
(a) What is the Din of an Ir ha'Nidachas with regard to witnesses and warning?
(b) Under which circumstances will a passing caravan be deemed "Yoshvei ha'Ir
(c) In which regard will they then save the town?
(d) Seeing as they would also cause the town's money to be destroyed, should they
turn the minority who did sin into the majority, why does the Tana present
specifically the case where they save?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk "Hacharem Osah ve'es *Kol* Asher Bah"?
(b) Does this mean that all the property of the Tzadikim must be burned together with
that of the Resha'im?
(c) How are the animals in an Ir ha'Nidachas killed?
(d) "ve'es Kol Shelalah Tikbotz el Toch Rechovah".
What does one do if the town
- ... has no town-square?
- ... square is situated outside the town?
(a) Our Mishnah also learns "Shelalah", 've'Lo Sh'lal Shamayim'.
What are the
ramifications of this ruling with regard to ...
(b) What does Rebbi Shimon learn from "Kalil la'Hashem Elokecha"?
- ... Hekdesh?
- ... Terumah?
- ... Ma'aser Sheini and Sefarim"? Why can the former not be burned (seeing as it can normally be eaten even by Yisre'elim)?
(c) Rebbi Yossi Hagelili interprets "Vehaysah Teil Olam" literally. Rebbi Akiva
What does Rebbi Akiva learn from "Lo Sibaneh Od"?
(a) What does the Beraisa learn from the word ...
(b) According to Rebbi Yochanan, it is possible for one city to have been divided
among two tribes.
- ... "Yatz'u"?
- ... "Anashim" (besides 've'Lo Nashim, ve'Lo Ketanim')?
- ... "B'nei Beliya'al"?
- ... "mi'Kirbecha"?
- ... "Yoshvei Iram"?
- ... "Leimor"?
What does Resh Lakish say?
(c) How does Rebbi Yochanan prove his opinion from our Mishnah 'ad she'Yehei
Madichehah me'Osah Ir u'me'Oso Sheivet'?
(d) How does Resh Lakish refute Rebbi Yochanan's proof?
(a) What do we assume the Pasuk means when it describes how two of the tribes gave
nine towns of refuge, to ask from there on Resh Lakish?
(b) On what grounds to we query the answer that one of the tribes provide five, and
the other, four?
(c) What does the Lashon 'Kashya' imply?
(a) We ask what the Din will be if the residents of the Ir ha'Nidachas talked
themselves in to serving Avodah-Zarah.
Answers to questions
How do we try to resolve the She'eilah via
our Mishnah, which precludes a town whose Madichin are women or children from the Din
of Ir ha'Nidachas?
(b) On what grounds do we refute this proof?
(c) What does the word 'Hanach Basar Nafshaihu *Gridi*' mean?
(d) How does it differ from the word 'G'riri'?