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Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 110

SANHEDRIN 106-110 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the third Yahrzeit of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner), who passed away 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Talmud study serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah


(a) Korach's wife, the very antithesis of On's, encouraged Korach to 'take up arms'.
If she accused Moshe of taking the leadership for himself and designating the Kehunah Gedolah for his brother, what, according to her, did he reserve for his nephews?

(b) She also accused him of giving Terumah to the Kohanim.
But didn't the Levi'im (to which group Korach belonged) receive Ma'aser Rishon?

(c) What else did she accuse Moshe of having done to Korach and the Levi'im, besides treating them like dung?

(d) How did she explain the fact that Moshe too, was a Levi, and had therefore to cut off all his hair just like they did?

(a) And why did Korach's wife advise him to take garments made of Techeles for all his band?

(b) How does all this tie up with the Pasuk n Mishlei ...

  1. ... "Chachmos Nashim Bansah Beisah"?
  2. ... "ve'Aveles be'Yadehah Taharsenah"?
(c) The two hundred and fifty men who joined Korach were all unique individuals.
What more do we learn about them from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... "Keri'ei Mo'ed"?
  2. ... Anshei Shem"?
(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... "Vayishma Moshe Vayipol al Panav"? What did he hear that caused him to fall on his face from embarrassment, according to Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan?
  2. ... in Tehilim "Vayekan'u le'Moshe ba'Machaneh" and the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "u'Moshe Yikach es ha'Ohel Venatah Lo mi'Chutz la'Machaneh" (see Agados Maharsha)?
(a) What does ...
  1. ... Resh Lakish extrapolate from the Pasuk "Vayakam Moshe Vayeilech el Dasam va'Aviram"?
  2. ... Rav learn from the Pasuk "ve'Lo Yihyeh ke'Korach ve'cha'Adaso"?
(b) And what does Rav Ashi add to that from the Pesukim there "Moshe *Lo*" and the Pasuk in Sh'mos "Vayomer Hashem *Lo* Od Havei Yadcha be'Cheikecha*"?

(c) What, according to ...

  1. ... Rav Yosef, does anyone who quarrels with the institution of Malchus Beis David, deserve?
  2. ... Rav Chisda, do we compare someone who quarrels with his Rebbe (like Korach did)? From which Pasuk in Chukas does he learn it?
(d) And what does ...
  1. ... Rebbi Chanina bar Papa learn from the Pasuk in Beshalach "Lo Aleinu Telunoseichem Ki-im Al Hashem"? What does 'Misra'em' mean?
  2. ... Rebbi Avahu learn from the Pasuk in Chukas "Vayedaber ha'Am b'Elokim u've'Moshe"?
(a) To whom does the Pasuk in Koheles "Osher Shamur le'Ba'alav le'Ra'aso" refer?

(b) How does Rebbi Elazar explain the Pasuk in Korach (in connection with those whom the earth swallowed up) "ve'es Kol ha'Yekum Asher be'Ragleihem"?

(c) Three hundred (i.e. many) mules were needed, according to Rebbi Levi, to carry the locks and keys of Korach's treasure houses.
Is that because they were made of metal and were therefore exceptionally heavy?

(a) From where did Korach acquire his wealth?

(b) The second of the three vast treasure-houses was found by Antoninus ben Asoirus (Rebbi's friend who later converted).
What happened to the third treasure-house?

(c) What does Rebbi Yochanan extrapolate from the Pasuk ...

  1. ... (in connection with those whom the earth swallowed up "ve'es Kol ha'Adam Asher le'Korach"?
  2. ... "ba'Achol ha'Eish es Chamishim u'Masayim Ish"?
(d) The Tana of a Beraisa disagrees however.
What does *he* say?

(e) How will Rebbi Yochanan refute the Tana's proof from the Pasuk in Pinchas "Vativla Osam ve'es Korach"?

(a) The sun and moon both moved up to Z'vul (a more elevated heaven than Raki'a, where they normally operate). What did they threaten to do, unless Hashem took the part of Moshe against Korach?

(b) Hashem responded by shooting arrows at them until they returned to Raki'a and resumed their regular beat.
Why was Hashem response to their defense of Moshe negative?

(c) What was He referring to?

(d) What is the offshoot of this episode?

(a) How does Rava explain the Pasuk "ve'Im Beri'ah Yivra Hashem u'Fatzesah ha'Adamah es Pihah"? What creation was he referring to?

(b) How could Moshe ask for a new creation, in light of the Pasuk in Koheles "Ein Kol Chadash Tachas ha'Shemesh"?

(c) What happened to Korach's sons? How did Rav explain the Pasuk "u'Venei Korach Lo Meisu"?

(a) An Arab merchant once showed Rabah bar bar Chanah two cracks in the desert from which smoke rose.
What did that signify?

(b) What did the Arab then do with the piece of wool that he placed at the tip of his sword? What happened next?

(c) He instructed Rabah bar bar Chanah to place his ear near the ground and listen.
What did he hear?

(d) How often did they have to do this?

Answers to questions



(a) Rebbi Akiva's second proof that the Dor ha'Midbar will receive no portion in Olam ha'Ba is from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Asher Nishba'ti be'Api Im Yavo'un el Menuchasi". We have already cited Rebbi Eliezer, who disagrees on the basis of the Pasuk there "Isfu Li Chasidai Korsei B'risi Alei Zevach".
How does he know that this Pasuk refers to the Dor ha'Midbar?

(b) And how does he counter Rebbi Akiva's second proof?

(c) According to Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah, the Pasuk "Isfu Li Chasidai" refers to future generations. If "Korsei B'risi" refers to Chananyah, Misha'el and Azaryah, to whom does "Alei Zevach" refer?

(d) And based on the Pasuk in Yeshayah "u'Feduyei Hashem Yeshuvun u'Va'u Tzi'on be'Rinah", Rebbi Shimon ben Menasyah sides with Rebbi Eliezer, granting the Dor ha'Midbar Olam ha'Ba.
How does he know that this Pasuk refers to the Dor ha'Midbar?

(a) What does Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan extrapolate from the Pasuk in Yirmiyah "Haloch Vekarasa be'Oznei Yerushalayim Leimor. Zacharti Lach Chesed Ne'urayich ... Lechtech Acharai ba'Midbar be'Eretz Lo Zaru'ah"?

(b) How does he criticize Rebbi Akiva, based on this Pasuk?

(c) What does Rebbi Akiva in our Mishnah learn from the Pasuk (in connection with the ten tribes) "Vayashlichem el Eretz Acheres ka'Yom ha'Zeh"?

(d) Rebbi Eliezer disagrees.
How does he interpret "ka'Yom ha'Zeh"?

(a) How does Rebbi Akiva in a Beraisa explain the Pasuk in Nitzavim (in connection with the ten tribes) ...
  1. ... "Vayitshem Hashem me'Al Admasam be'Af u've'Cheimah u've'Ketzef Gadol"?
  2. ...Vayashlichem el Eretz Acheres ka'Yom ha'Zeh"?
(b) What does ...
  1. ... Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah Ish K'far Acco quoting Rebbi Shimon learn from "ka'Yom ha'Zeh"?
  2. ... Rebbi learn from "ba'Yom ha'Hu Yitaka be'Shofar Gadol ... u'Va'u ha'Ovdim me'Eretz Ashur"?
(c) How do some commentaries interpret 'Olam ha'Ba' in this context?

(d) To whom does the continuation of the Pasuk ''ve'ha'Nidachim me'Eretz Mitzrayim'' refer?

(a) Rabah bar bar Chanah ... quotes here a different Pasuk in his criticism of Rebbi Akiva "Haloch ve'Karasa ... Tzafonah ve'Amarta Shuvah Meshuvah ('Return, you naughty one')". How does he prove his point from here?

(b) Raban Gamliel in a Beraisa quotes the Pasuk in Zechari'ah "Ki Hinei ha'Yom Ba Bo'er ka'Tanur, Vehayah Kol Zeidim ve'Chol Osei Rish'ah Kash ... ". How does he explain the conclusion of the Pasuk "Asher Lo Ya'azov Lahem *Shoresh va'Anaf"* (with regard to 'Ketanei B'nei Rish'ei Yisrael')?

(c) Why does he not refer to the Rish'ei Yisrael themselves?

(a) Rebbi Akiva disagrees.
How does he interpret the Pasuk ...
  1. ... in Tehilim "Shomer Pesayim Hashem"? What does "Pesayim" mean, according to him?
  2. ... in Daniel "Gudu Ilna ve'Chablohi" as additional proof?
(b) And how will he explain the Pasuk "Asher Lo Ya'azov Lahem *Shoresh va'Anaf*" (which serves as Raban Gamliel's proof)?

(c) Why did we cite this Machlokes in the first place?

(a) Alternatively, Rebbi Akiva interprets "Shoresh" as the Neshamah, and "Anaf", as the body.
What do both Tana'im learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'Te'aved Kol Zachar"?

(b) Why do we refer specifically to the *'Rish'ei* Ovdei-Kochavim'?

(c) Rebbi Chiya and Rebbi bar Rebbi argue over which stage a Katan receives a portion in Olam ha'Ba. One says from the moment he is born.
What does the other one hold?

(d) According to Ravina, he already receives a portion from the time he is conceived.
How does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Oni Ani ve'Gove'a mi'No'ar, Nasasi Eimecha Afunah" that the criterion is the B'ris Milah?

(a) And what does Rebbi Meir say, based on the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Pischu She'arim Veyavo Goy Tzadik Shomer Emunim"? How does he interpret "Shomer Emunim"?

(b) What is 'Amen' the acronym of, according to Rebbi Chanina?

Answers to questions

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