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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 109

SANHEDRIN 106-110 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the third Yahrzeit of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner), who passed away 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Talmud study serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah


(a) Why was Nachum called by the title 'Ish Gamzu'?

(b) Why did the Chachamim decide to send specifically Nachum Ish Gamzu to present the Emperor with a gift?

(c) What did he tell the innkeeper of the inn where they stayed overnight upon arrival in Rome, when he asked him what was in the box?

(d) How come that the delegation arrived at the Emperor's palace with a box of earth, and not with the jewels and precious stones with which he had set out?

(a) When the Emperor found the box to contain nothing but earth, he had Nachum Ish Gamzu arrested and taken out to be executed.
What happened next? How did Nachum escape the gallows?

(b) What did Nachum tell the surprised innkeeper on his return journey, when he asked him what he had brought to the Emperor?

(c) What happened to the innkeeper and his family?

(a) How did de'Bei Rebbi Shilo initially explain the sin of the Dor Haflagah?

(b) On what grounds did the B'nei Eretz Yisrael laugh at de'Bei Rebbi Shilo?

(c) According to Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Elazar, they were divided into three groups. If one of them wanted to establish a community in heaven, and the second wanted to set up an Avodah-Zarah, what did the third group plan to do?

(d) Hashem scattered the group that wanted to live in heaven.
How did He punish the group that ...

  1. ... planned to serve idols?
  2. ... intended to wage war with Him?
(a) How does Rebbi Nasan in a Beraisa, explain the Pasuk in No'ach (in connection with the Dor Haflagah) "ve'Na'aseh Lanu *Shem*", based on the Pasuk in Mishpatim "ve'*Shem* Elohim Acherim Lo Sazkiru"?

(b) According to Rebbi Yochanan, one third of the Tower was burned.
What happened to the other two thirds?

(c) What does Rav say about the air of the Tower of Bavel?

(d) How did that curse manifest itself already at that time?

(a) What did Rav Yosef mean when he said that Bavel and Bursif are a bad sign for Torah?

(b) What is Bursif the acronym of?

(c) And why is Bavel then called by this name?

(d) Based on our Mishnah, how does the Beraisa interpret the Pasuk "ve'Anshei S'dom Ra'im ve'Chata'im?

(a) According to Rav Yehudah, "Ra'im" means with their bodies, "va'Chata'im", with their money, and "la'Hashem", refers to Birchas Hashem. What does 'with their bodies' mean?

(b) How does he interpret "Me'od"?

(c) And the Beraisa explains the first three in the same way, only the Tana reverses the first two, interretating "Ra'im" as with their money, and "ve'Chata'im" as with their bodies. How does the Tana explain "Me'od", based on the Pasuk in Melachim "Gam Dam Naki Shafach Menasheh Harbeh Me'od"?

(d) What was the cause of the people of S'dom's arrogance?

(e) What did they in their arrogance, decide to do?

(a) How does Rava describe the deeds of the men of S'dom, based on the Pasuk ... ... in Tehilim "ad Anah Tehos'su al Ish Teratzchu Kulchem ke'Kir Natuy ke'Gefer ha'Dechuyah"?
  1. ... in Iyov "Chasar ba'Choshech Batim Yomam Chasmu Lamo Lo Yad'u Or", and
  2. the Pasuk in Tehilim "Yashuvu la'Erev Yehemu ka'Kelev u'Va'u vi'Yesovevu Ir ... "?
(b) What happened on the day that Rebbi Yossi Darshened this Pasuk in Tzipori?

(c) What happened to Rebbi Yossi on account of that? How did he vindicate himself?

(d) What did the drains of Tzipori do when Rebbi Yossi died?

(a) The laws of S'dom defied all logic. Someone who owned an ox had to look after the town's oxen for one day.
What did they say about someone who did not own an ox at all?

(b) What did a certain orphan, the son of a widow, do, when his turn arrived to look after the town's oxen?

(c) What reason did he give to explain what he had done?

Answers to questions



(a) By the same method of logic, if the charge for crossing the river by ferry was one Zuz, how much did someone have to pay if he crossed by other means?

(b) And what happened to a Sodomite who made himself a row of bricks or who spread out garlic or onions to dry?

(c) Their judicial system was extraordinary.
Two of their judges were called Shikra'i and Shakrura'i (little liar and big liar). What were the names of the other two?

(d) What would they rule in a case where a man ...

  1. ... struck a pregnant woman and killed her babies?
  2. ... cut off an ear from his friend's donkey?
  3. ... struck his friend and drew blood?
(a) If someone crossed the river by ferry, he had to pay four Zuz.
How much would he have to pay for wading across (see Rashash)?

(b) What did the court charge the laudryman who waded across the river and was then struck by a policeman for refusing to pay the wading fee?

(c) What did Eliezer do when he arrived in S'dom and someone struck him and demanded payment for having drawn blood?

(a) What was the role of the special guest bed?

(b) What did Eliezer reply when they offered him a night on the house?

(c) Why was the Dinar that each native of S'dom would give a guest who arrived in town, useless?

(d) What happened after he starved to death?

(a) What penalty did one have to pay for inviting a guest to a party?

(b) How did Eliezer exploit this law to his advantage?

(c) What did the Sodomites do to a girl who gave some bread to a poor man?

(d) How had she tried to hide what she was doing from the people of S'dom?

(e) How does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav connect this with the Pasuk in Vayeira (with regard to the destruction of S'dom) "Vayomer Hashem Za'akas S'dom va'Amorah Ki *Rabah*?

(a) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... in Sh'lach Lecha "*Vayamusu* ha'Anashim Motzi'ei Dibas ha'Aretz Ra'ah *ba'Mageifah* Lifnei Hashem"?
  2. ... in Korach "Vatechas Aleihem ha'Aretz, va'Yovdu mi'Toch ha'Kahal"?
(b) This is the opinion of Rebbi Akiva (as we learned earlier).
What does ...
  1. ... Rebbi Eliezer say?
  2. ... Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim (in connection with the Adas Korach [see Agados Maharsha]) "Ta'isi ke'Seh Oveid Bakesh Avdecha ... "?
(c) How does Resh Lakish explain ...
  1. ... the Pasuk "Vayikach Korach"? What did he take?
  2. ... the name "Korach"?
(d) He Darshens "ben Yitzhar" to mean 'a son who heated up the world (stirred up Machlokes) like the sun at midday'.
How does he Darshen ''ben Kehas"?
(a) How does Resh Lakish Darshen "ben Levi"?

(b) How would he have Darshened 'ben Ya'akov', had it been written?

(c) What reason does Rav Shmuel bar Rav Yitzchak give for the Torah's omission of Ya'akov's name ...

  1. ... by the Meraglim?
  2. ... by the Adas Korach?
(a) And Resh Lakish Darshens "Dasan" as 'she'Avar al Das' (he transgressed the law).
How does he then explain ...
  1. ..."Aviram"?
  2. ... "*On" and "ben Peles?
  3. ... "B'nei Reuven"?
(b) What did On reply when his righteous wife pointed out that he had nothing to gain in joining the rebellion?

(c) What did she mean when she said "Ki Chol ha'Eidah Kulam Kedoshim"?

(d) And what did she subsequently do that saved his life?

Answers to questions

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