(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Sanhedrin 108

SANHEDRIN 106-110 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the third Yahrzeit of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner), who passed away 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Talmud study serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah


(a) How does our Mishnah Darshen the Pasuk in ...
  1. ... Bereishis (in connection with the Dor ha'Mabul) "Lo *Yadon Ruchi* ba'Adam Le'olam"?
  2. ... in No'ach (in connection with the Dor Haflagah) "Vayafetz Hashem Osam ... u'mi'Sham Hefitzam Hashem"?
  3. ... in Lech-Lecha "ve'Anshei S'dom Ra'im ve'Chata'im la'Hashem Me'od"?
(b) In the opinion of the Tana Kama, in what way will the people of S'dom differ from those of the generation of the Mabul (see Rashash)?
(a) In the Pasuk in Tehilim "al-Kein Lo Yakumu Resha'im ba'Mishpat, va'Chata'im ba'Adas Tzadikim", who is meant by ...
  1. ... "Resha'im"?
  2. ... "Chata'im"?
(b) What does Rebbi Nechemyah now extrapolate from this Pasuk?

(c) What do the Chachamim retort?

(d) How does Rebbi Akiva Darshen the Pasuk in ...

  1. ... Sh'lach-Lecha (in connection with the Dor ha'Midbar) "Bamidbar ha'Zeh Yitamu, ve'Sham Yamusu"?
  2. ... Korach (in connection with the congregation of Korach) "Vatechas Aleihem ha'Aretz, va'Yovdu mi'Toch ha'Kahal"?
(e) What does Rebbi Eliezer learn from the Pasuk in ...
  1. ... Tehilim (in connection with the Dor ha'Midbar) "Isfu Li Chasidai Korsei B'risi Alei Zevach"?
  2. ... Shmuel (in connection with the congregation of Korach) "Hashem Meimis u'Mechayeh, Morid She'ol va'Ya'al"?
(a) Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira in a Beraisa interprets the Pasuk in Bereishis "Lo Yadon Ruchi ba'Adam Le'olam" like we learned in our Mishnah. How does Rebbi Akiva interpret the Pasuk in No'ach "Vayimach es Kol ha'Yekum ... Vayimachu min ha'Aretz"?

(b) How else might we interpret "Lo Yadon Ruchi ... "?

(c) And what does Rebbi Menachem b'Rebbi Yossi say about the Neshamos of the Dor ha'Mabul at the time of Techi'as ha'Meisim?

(a) To what does the Beraisa attribute the Dor ha'Mabul's arrogance?

(b) What did this cause them to say to Hashem?

(c) Why did they claim not to need Hashem for His rain?

(d) What was Hashem's response?

(a) What had the Dor ha'Mabul done, according to Rebbi Yossi, that caused Hashem to punish them with water?

(b) And why, according to Rebbi Yochanan, does the Pasuk use the expression "Kol Ma'aynos Tehom *Rabah*"?

(c) Three of the hot springs that Hashem used to punish the Dor ha'Mabul remain; two of them are Belu'ah of Geder and the large springs of Biram. Where is the third one situated? What is it known as?

(d) How does Rebbi Yochanan explain the Pasuk "Ki Hishchis Kol Basar es Darko al ha'Aretz"?

(e) What does Rebbi Aba bar Kahana say about the Sushalmi bird?

(a) The Dor ha'Mabul perpetrated every conceivable sin.
What does Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk in No'ach "Vayomer Hashem le'No'ach Ketz Kol Basar Ba Lefanai Ki Mal'ah ha'Aretz Chamas mi'Panai"?

(b) What did 'Chamas' itself stand erect and announce before Hashem?

(c) What does Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael learn from the Pasuk "Nichamti Ki Asisim ve'No'ach Matza Chein be'Einei Hashem"?

(a) What is the Pasuk in Bereishis referring to when it writes "Vayinachem Hashem *Ki Asah es ha'Adam ba'Aretz"*?

(b) When Rav Dimi arrived in Bavel, how did he now interpret the entire Pasuk, based on the Pasuk in Vayechi "va'Yanchem Osam Vayedaber al Libam"?

(c) And how did others interpret it, based on the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "Vayinachem Hashem al ha'Ra'ah Asher Diber La'asos le'Amo"?

(a) Rebbi Yochanan interprets "No'ach Ish Tzadik be'Dorosav" to mean that he was only considered a Tzadik in his generation, but not in any other.
What does Resh Lakish say?

(b) What analogy does ...

  1. ... Rebbi Chanina draw between Rebbi Yochanan's interpretation and a barrel of wine?
  2. ... Rebbi Oshaya draw between Resh Lakish's interpretation and a bottle of P'laiton (a type of strong perfume)?
(c) It is at first difficult to understand why Hashem destroyed the entire world, even the innocent animals, because of man's sins.
What Mashal does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah give to a wedding feast to explain it?

(d) What do we infer from the Pasuk "mi'Kol Asher be'Charavah Meisu"?

(a) According to Rebbi Yossi from Caesaria, what warning did No'ach ha'Tzadik issue to the people?

(b) What did he answer them, when they asked him that, seeing as the hundred and twenty years grace was over, why Hashem did not get on with it?

(c) What did they reply to that?

(d) When, during the hundred and twenty years No'ach rebuked the people with words that struck like flashes of lightning, what was their reaction?

Answers to questions



(a) When No'ach informed the people of the impending flood, on what grounds did they mockingly dismiss the danger, assuming it was a flood of ...
  1. ... fire?
  2. ... water from the underground fountains?
  3. ... water in the form of rain from the sky?
(b) What did No'ach mean when he replied that Hashem would bring a flood 'mi'Bein Ikvei Ragleichem'?

(c) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Iyov "Nachon le'Mo'adei Regel" (besides the previous D'rashah)?

(d) Why did Hashem punish them with boiling water?

(a) What does Rav learn from the seven days grace that the Dor ha'Mabul received following Mesushelach's death?

(b) According to others "Vayehi le'Shiv'as ha'Yamim" implies that Hashem changed the laws of nature.
How did He do that?

(c) How do others again, explain the seven day extension by simple logic?

(d) According to still other opinions, Hashem utilized those seven days to give the Dor ha'Mabul a taste of Olam ha'Ba.
Why did He do that?

(a) Why is there no such thing as Ishus with regard to animals?

(b) Then why does the Torah write 'mi'Kol ha'Beheimah ha'Tehorah Tikach Lecha Shiv'ah Shiv'ah Ish ve'Ishto'?

(c) According to Rav Chisda, No'ach knew which animals had cleaved only to their own species, because the Teivah let them in.
What does Rebbi Avahu say?

(d) Rav Ada Amri de'Bei Rav Shilo and Amri Lah argue over whether "Atzei Gofer" (with which No'ach built the Teivah) was Mavliga or Gulmish.
How does Rebbi Yochanan explain the Pasuk "Tzohar Ta'aseh la'Teivah"? What was the source of light in the Teivah?

(a) Why did ...
  1. ... the roof of the Teivah have to taper off at one Amah on top?
  2. ... the Teivah itself have three floors?
(b) According to Resh Lakish, what valid argument did the raven present to No'ach? Why did he maintain that he was hated ...
  1. ... by Hashem?
  2. ... by No'ach, too?
(c) What did No'ach answer him, when he suggested that he was perhaps interested in his mate?

(d) How does Rebbi Yochanan explain the change of order between the Pasuk "u'Vasa el ha'Teivah Atah, u'Vanecha, ve'Isht'cha u'Neshei Vanecha Itach", and the Pasuk "Tzei min ha'Teivah Atah, ve'Isht'cha, u'Vanecha u'Neshei Vanecha Itach"?

(a) The raven and the dog both performed Tashmish in the Teivah.
Who was the third culprit?

(b) What punishment did each one receive?

(c) How does Rebbi Yirmiyah extrapolate from the Pasuk "va'Yeshalach es ha'Yonah me'Ito" that Tahor birds dwell with the Tzadikim? What does he mean by that?

(d) And what does Rebbi Elazar learn from the fact that the dove brought back specifically an olive-leaf in its beak?

(e) How does he imply this from the word "Taraf" which would otherwise be translated as 'torn off'? What does "be'Fihah" then mean?

(a) What does Rebbi Yochanan mean when he says (with regard to the "le'Mihpechoseihem Yatz'u min ha'Teivah" 'le'Mishpechosam", 've'Lo Heim' (see Maharatz Chayos)?

(b) Based on the assumption that "le'Mishpechoseihem" also pertains to the fact that each species was fed individually in the Teivah, what did Shem (No'ach's son) reply when Eliezer Eved Avraham asked him how they managed?

(c) How did No'ach find out what the Zekisa (an unspecified species of animal) ate? What *did* the Zekisa eat?

(d) What did No'ach feed it from then on?

(a) What did the lion eat? How come that it did not kill other animals, as it usually does?

(b) How long does a fever dispel the need to eat, according to Rav?

(c) What else might Rav mean when he refers to 'Shita' and 'T'reisar'?

(d) What did the Chol (a kind of bird) reply, when No'ach once found it asleep in its cubicle, and asked it whether it does need to eat?

(e) What was No'ach's reaction to the Chol's answer?

(a) Rav Chanah bar Liva'i quotes a dialogue between Shem and Eliezer.
What did Shem ask Eliezer about his battle against the four kings?

(b) What did Eliezer reply, based on the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Mi He'ir mi'Mizrach ... Yiten Lefanav Goyim ... Yiten ke'Afar Charbo ke'Kash Nidaf Kashto"?

(c) Based on the Pasuk in Tehilim "Mizmor le'David, Ne'um Hashem la'Adoni Shev li'Yemini ad Ashis Oyvecha Hadom le'Raglecha", from where did they obtain the magical earth and straw?

Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,