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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 107

SANHEDRIN 106-110 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the third Yahrzeit of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner), who passed away 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Talmud study serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah


(a) What reason does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav give for not asking Hashem for a Nisayon (trial)?

(b) What caused David to do so?

(c) What advantage did David receive over the Avos?

(d) What did David do to counter the impending Nisayon? What was his mistake?

(a) When David went up on the roof, bas-Sheva (Achitofel's granddaughter) was washing her hair, but was covered by a beehive-shaped contraption.
How could David have seen her revealed?

(b) When David inquired after bas-Sheva, who did she turn out to be?

(c) How did David know that she was not a Nidah, when he was intimate with her?

(d) Following this episode, what did David have to say about himself?

(e) What did he subsequently wish?

(a) How does Rava explain the Pasuk in Tehilim ...
  1. ... "la'Menatze'ach le'David Becha Hashem Chasisi Eich Tomri le'Nafshi Nudi Harchem Tzipor"?
  2. ... "Lecha Levadcha Chatasi ... Lema'an Titzdak be'Dovrecha Tizkeh be'Shoftecha"?
(b) Rava, supported by Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael, also states that bas-Sheva bas Eliam was fit for David since the six days of the creation.
What does ...
  1. ... he then mean when he adds 'Ela she'Ba'ah Alav be'Mach'ov'?
  2. ... Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael mean, when he adds 'Ela she'Achlah Pagah'?
(a) David describes in Tehilim how his enemies rejoiced when he sinned with bas-Sheva.
What does he mean when he then adds ...
  1. ... "Ne'esfu Alai Neichim"?
  2. ... "ve'Lo Yada'ti"?
  3. ... "Kar'u ve'Lo Damu"?
(b) And what did he answer them when they asked him surreptitiously what happens to someone who commits adultery?

(c) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav mean when he says that, even during David's illness, he kept eighteen Onos?

(a) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav mean when he says that David Hamelech wanted to worship Avodah-Zarah? How is such a thing possible?

(b) Who stopped him from carrying out his plan?

(c) In what state did Chushai ha'Arki come out to meet David as he fled from Yerushalayim?

(a) What did David answer when Chushai asked him why he married a Yefas-To'ar (from whom Avshalom was born)?

(b) What did Chushai retort to that?

(c) Why did Chushai bring up the question of a Yefas-To'ar? What was he trying to prove?

(a) Hashem agreed to forgive every aspect of David's sin, the Shogeg, the Meizid, both what was hidden and what was revealed, and He even agreed to stop the Rabbanan from speaking about him. Which is the only request of David that Hashem refused to accept?

(b) What precedent did Hashem bring from one of the letters of Sarai's name?

(c) What eventually happened to it?

(d) What did Shlomoh Hamelech say about someone who 'carries fire in his bosom or who walks on coals'?

(a) On what condition did Hashem agree to pardon David for his sin?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim ...

  1. ... "Techat'eni be'Eizov ve'Et'har" (to which punishment does this hint)?
  2. ... Hashivah Li S'son Yish'echa, ve'Ru'ach Nedivah Sismecheni"?
(c) What was David's third punishment?

(d) From where do we learn that he had to suffer for six months until his sin was forgiven?

Answers to questions



(a) What was David Hamelech referring to when he said the Pasuk in Tehilim "Asei Imi Os le'Tovah ve'Yir'u Son'ai ve'Yevoshu Ki Atah Hashem Azartani ve'Nichamtani"? When did he say it?

(b) What was Hashem's reply?

(a) Shlomoh said twenty-four Renanos without achieving his objective. What is meant by twenty-four Renanos?

(b) What was Shlomoh's objective?

(c) If the gates of the Beis-Hamikdash refused to open in spite of all the praises contained in the Kapitel of "le'David Mozmor", when did they open?

(d) What did this prove? How did David's enemies react to this phenomenon?

(a) The last of the Hedyotos who, according to our Mishnah, will not receive a portion in Olam ha'Ba was Gechazi.
Where was Gechazi living when Elisha went to bring him back?

(b) On what grounds did he refuse?

(c) There are two versions of Gechazi's sin, assuming it was connected to Yeravam's Avodah-Zarah. According to one of them, he raised it into the air by means of a gigantic magnet.
What do others say?

(d) We can infer a different account of his sin from the Pasuk in Melachim "ve'Amru B'nei ha'Nevi'im el Elisha Hinei Na ha'Makom Asher Anachnu Yoshvim Sham Lefanecha Tzar Mimenu".
What does that teach us?

(a) What mistake did Elisha make regarding Gechazi? What ought he have taken care to do?

(b) After Na'aman, the Syrian general, had left, what did Gechazi claim to have done, when Elisha asked him where he had been?

(c) But he seemed to have forgotten that he was dealing with a Navi.
What did Elisha tell him?

(d) Before giving him what he asked for, Na'aman said to Gechazi "Ho'el ve'Kach".
What does that mean?

(a) What did Gechazi actually receive from Na'aman?

(b) Then why did Elisha add olive-trees, vines, sheep, cattle, slaves and maidservants? What was he hinting by listing eight things (see Agados Maharsha)?

(c) How did Na'aman, who was stricken with leprosy, find out about Elisha in the first place?

(d) What was his reaction when the Navi instructed him to bathe in the River Yarden seven times?

(e) What made him change his mind?

(a) What decree did Elisha issue against Gechazi before the latter took his leave from him?

(b) What gave him the incentive to do that?

(c) Who were the four Metzora'im at the entrance of the gates of Shomron?

(d) Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar in a Beraisa lists three 'people' that one should push away with the left hand but draw close with the right. Two of them are the Yeitzer ha'Ra and a child.
Who is the third?

(e) Why is it necessary to bring close ...

  1. ... a child and a woman (even when they deserve to be chastized)?
  2. ... the Yetzer-ha'Ra, and why does he need to be pushed away?
(a) Elisha suffered three illnesses, the Beraisa informs us. The final one was the one that led to his death.
What were the other two for?

(b) The first person to look old was Avraham and the first person to become ill before his death was Ya'akov.
Why did ...

  1. ... Avraham ask for old age?
  2. ... Ya'akov ask to become ill before dying?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Melachim 've'Elisha Chalah es Cholyo Asher Yamus Bo"?
Answers to questions

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