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Sanhedrin 103

SANHEDRIN 101-103 (18 Teves) - dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the third Yahrzeit of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner). May the merit of supporting and advancing Talmud study serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah


(a) What did Rebbi Yochanan, based on a Beraisa, say about anyone who says that Menasheh has no portion in Olam ha'Ba?

(b) The Tana informs us that Menasheh was twelve when he ascended the throne.
How many years did he continue to reign after he did Teshuvah?

(c) How do we learn this from the Pasuk "va'Ya'as Asheirah Ka'asher Asah Achav"?

(d) And what does Rebbi Yochanan quoting Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai learn from the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim (in connection with Menasheh) "Vayishma Eilav ve'Ye'chaser Lo" (instead of "Vaye'aser" [although our version of the Pasuk *reads* "Vaye'aser"])?

(a) What problem does Rebbi Yochanan quoting Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai have with the Pesukim in Yirmiyah "Bereishis Mamleches Yehoyakim ben Yoshiyahu" and "Bereishis Mamleches Tzidkiyah"?

(b) How does he explain the word "Bereishis" in both cases?

(c) So how does he then explain ...

  1. ... "Bereishis Mamleches Yehoyakim ben Yoshiyahu"? What prevented this from happening?
  2. ... "Bereishis Mamleches Tzidkiyah"?
(d) How do we reconcile this latter statement with the Pasuk (in connection with Tzidkiyahu) "Vaya'as ha'Ra be'Einei Hashem"?
(a) What did Rebbi Yochanan quoting Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai say about ...
  1. ... Achaz (Chizkiyahu's father)? What did he do when he fell in battle to the Damascans (the Syrians)? Why did he do that?
  2. ... Amatzyah? What did he do after defeating Edom?
(b) How does this explain the Pasuk in Mishlei "Ish Chacham Nishpat es Ish Evil ve'Ragaz, Sichak ve'Ein Nachas"?

(c) What adage did Rav Papa cite that conforms with this Pasuk?

(a) In the Pasuk in Yirmiyah "Vayavo'u Kol Sarei Melech Bavel Vayeshvu be'Sha'ar ha'Tavech", how does Rebbi Yochanan quoting Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai explain the words "Sha'ar ha'Tavech"?

(b) What adage did Rav Papa quote about the warrior and the base shepherd?

(a) Rav Chisda Amar Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba explains the Pasuk in Mishlei. The lazy man whose field Shlomoh passed, refers to Achaz.
Why is that?
What did Achaz negate?

(b) And why does ...

  1. ... the "Adam Chasar-Leiv", whose vineyard had been neglected refer to Menasheh? Which evil deeds does this reflect?
  2. ... the thorns that overran the vineyard refer to Amon? What did he bring on the Mizbe'ach?
  3. ... the nettles that grew there in abundance refer to Yehoyakim? What wicked deed did he perform?
(c) And to whom does he attribute the phrase "ve'Geder Avanim Nehersah"?
(a) Rav Chisda Amar Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba lists four groups who will not receive the Shechinah. Two of them are the group of Leitzim (the mockers) and that of Shakranim.
What are the other two?

(b) Discussing the Pasuk in Tehilim "Lo Se'uneh Eilecha Ra'ah, ve'Nega Lo Yikrav be'Ohalecha", Rav Chisda explains the first phrase to mean that the Yetzer-ha'Ra will not have power over us.
What does the second phrase then mean? What is the connotation of "be'Ohalecha"?

(c) Why does Rav Chisda refer to a Safek Nidah rather than to a Vaday Nidah?

(a) According to the second explanation, "Lo Se'uneh Eilecha Ra'ah" means - that he will not be beset by bad dreams and evil thoughts.
What does "ve'Nega Lo Yikrav be'Ohalecha" then mean?

(b) What makes us assume that the B'rachos until here refer to those issued to Shlomoh by his father David?

(c) Who issued the B'rachos from ...

  1. ... "Ki Malachav Yetzaveh Lach" until "Al Shachal va'Fesen Tidroch ... "?
  2. ... there until the end of the Kapitel ("Ki Vi Chashak va'Afaltehu ... Orech Yamim Asbi'ehu ve'Areihu bi'Yeshu'asi"?
(d) On what basis do we divide the last two sections between David's mother and Hashem respectively?
Answers to questions



(a) What reason does Resh Lakish give for the hanging 'Ayin' in the word "Vayimna *me'Resha'im* Oram ... " (Iyov)? What are the ramifications of 'Rashim'?

(b) Then why not just omit the 'Ayin' altogether? Which two Tzadikim do Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Elazar (between them) cite who are exceptions to the rule?

(c) Who were the enemies of Nechemyah?

(d) How many times did Menasheh learn Toras Kohanim in depth?

(e) Achav learned it eighty-five times.
How many times did Yeravam learn it?

(a) What does ...
  1. ... Rebbi Meir in a Beraisa say about Avshalom, based on the Pasuk in Shmuel "Vayaku es Avshalom, Vayemisuhu"?
  2. ... Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar say about Achaz, Achazyah and all the kings of Yisrael about whom the Pasuk writes "Vaya'as ha'Ra be'Einei Hashem"?
(b) Does this also extend to Amon and Yehoyakim, who (like the previous two) were wicked kings of Yehudah?

(c) According to the Chachmei Bavel, the innocent blood that Menasheh spilt in Yerushalayim, filling it from one end to the other, was that of Yeshayah. According to the Chachmei Yerushalayim, it pertains to the thousand men that he killed each day.
How did he do that?

(d) The Bavli's interpretation bears out a statement of Rabah bar bar Chanah.
What did Rabah bar bar Chanah say about the Neshamah of a Tzadik?

(a) Menasheh's image initially had only one face.
Why did he change it to four?

(b) Achaz (his grandfather, who it seems, originally built it) placed the image in one of the attics of the Beis-Hamikdash.
Where did first Menasheh, then King Amon, move it to.

(c) How does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan explain the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Ki Katzar ha'Matza mi'Le'histarer", given that "ha'Matza" (which means 'a sheet' [referring to the husband/wife relationship between Hashem and Yisrael]) pertains to the Beis-Hamikdash?

(d) Why did Rebbi Yonasan burst out crying when he read the continuation of the Pasuk "ve'ha'Masechah Tzarah"?

(a) Achaz permitted adultery, Menasheh committed incest with his sister.
What did Amon do?

(b) What did Amon answer his mother, when she expressed surprise at the fact that he derived any pleasure from 'the place from which he was born'?

(c) When Yehoyakim arrived, he decided to outdo all his predecessors, so he set about replacing the sun with Zahav Parvayim (and asking Hashem to please remove His sun, which they did not need).
What did the people mean when they cited the Pasuk in Chagai "Li ha'Kesef ve'Li ha'Zahav, Ne'um Hashem Tzevakos"?

(d) What was Yehoyakim's reply?

(a) What problem did Rava have with Yehoyakim?

(b) Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Elazar argue over Yehoyakim's specialty. One of them says that he engraved the name of an Avodah-Zarah on his Makom ha'Milah.
Why did he do that?

(c) What does the other one say? Why did he do that?

(d) What did Rabah bar Mari reply when Rava asked him his Kashya?

(e) He had however, heard an explanation as to why the Tana omitted Michah from the list of Hedyotos.
What was it?

(a) How did Michah obtain the golden plate containing the Name of Hashem with which he made the Eigel?

(b) This might have been the "Tzarah" referred to in the Pasuk in Zecharyah "ve'Avar ba'Yam Tzarah".
What else might the Pasuk be referring to?

(c) The image of Michah was later set up in Garav.
How far was Garav from Shiloh (where the Mishkan was situated)?

(d) How did Hashem respond when the smoke from Michah's sacrifices mingled with the smoke from the Mizbe'ach, and the angels came to kill him, as Rebbi Nasan relates in a Beraisa?

(a) What happened initially, to the rest of the tribes when they came to fight with Binyamin by 'Pilegesh be'Givah'?

(b) Why were they punished, bearing in mind that they were in the right?

(c) What did Rebbi Yochanan quoting Rebbi Yossi ben Kisma, say about 'Legimah' (offering guests a bite to eat? Which two nations were rejected for failing to do so)?

(d) What exactly did Amon and Moav do wrong?

Answers to questions

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