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Sanhedrin 102

SANHEDRIN 101-103 (18 Teves) - dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the third Yahrzeit of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner). May the merit of supporting and advancing Talmud study serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah


(a) The Navi Hoshe'a writes "ve'Shachatah Seitim He'emiku va'Ani Musar le'Kulam".
What does "ve'Shachatah Seitim" mean?

(b) Interpreting the word "He'emiku", what does Rebbi Yochanan mean when he says 'Heim He'emiku mu'Sheli'? In what way was Yeravam more stringent than Hashem Himself?

(c) And what did Hashem mean when He said "va'Ani Musar le'Kulam" mean?

(d) What happened when Achyah ha'Shiloni met Yeravam as he left Yerushalayim (after rebuking Shlomoh)? Why does the Beraisa quoting Rebbi Yossi, refer to that as a time for punishment?

(a) What does Rebbi Yossi learn from the Pasuk in ...
  1. ... Yirmiyah (in connection to the destruction of idols) "be'Eis Pekudasam Yovedu"?
  2. ... Yeshayah "be'Eis Ratzon Anisicha"?
(b) What does Rebbi Yossi mean when he makes a similar comment with regard to the Pasuk ...
  1. ... in Ki Sisa "u've'Yom Pokdi u'Fakadti Aleihem Chatasam"?
  2. ... Vayehi ba'Eis ha'Hi Vayered Yehudah me'es Echav"?
(c) And what did Rebbi Yossi say about the Pasuk "Vayeilech Rechavam Shechemah"? Which three punishments occurred in Sh'chem?

(d) How does Rebbi Chanina bar Papa explain the Pasuk in Melachim "Vayetzei Yeravam mi'Yerushalayim"?

(a) According to Rav Nachman, the Navi refers to the new cloak that Yeravam was wearing, to teach us that, like a new cloak, the Torah of Yeravam was without a flaw.
How do others explain it?

(b) According to Rev Yehudah Amar Rav, the phrase "ve'Heim Levadam ba'Sadeh" teaches us that all the Chachamim before Achiyah ha'Shiloni and Yeravam were compared to the grass of the field (see Agados Maharsha).
How do others interpret it?

(a) What complaint did the Heavenly Voice issue when they crowned Yeravam, according to Rebbi Chanina bar Papa?

(b) And what punishment would they receive for that?

(c) And what does Rebbi Chanina bar Papa say about someone who eats without reciting a B'rachah?

(d) To whom does the Pasuk in Mishlei (written in connection with this Halachah) refer, when it concludes "Chaver Hu le'Ish Mashchis"? Who is the Ish Mashchis"?

(a) Based on the Pasuk "va'Yidach Yeravam es Yisrael me'Acharei Hashem ve'Hechti'am Chata'ah Gedolah", what Mashal does Rebbi Chanin give to two sticks?

(b) How do de'Bei Rebbi Yanai explain the Pasuk "ve'Di Zahav" (in connection with the Golden Calf that they worshipped in the Desert)?

(c) And what Mashal do they give to a roaring lion?

(d) Until now, they had to suffer for the sin of one calf, from now on, it was two and even three.
How does Rebbi Oshaya put it?

(a) What does Rebbi Yitzchak say, based on the Pasuk in Ki Sisa "u've'Yom Pokdi u'Fakadti Aleihem Chatasam"?

(b) After how many generations from the Eigel does the Navi Yechezkel write "Vayikra be'Ozni Kol Gadol Leimor Kirvu Pekudos ha'Ir ve'Ish K'lei Mashchaso be'Yado"? What is the significance of the word "Pekudos" in this context?

(c) In fact, there were twenty-*seven* generations from the time of the Eigel? Why does Rebbi Yitzchak omit Yehoyakim, Yehoyachin and Tzidkiyahu from the list?

(d) The Pasuk in Melachim writes "Achar ha'Davar ha'Zeh, Lo Shav Yeravam mi'Darko ha'Ra'ah".
How does Rebbi Aba interpret "Achar ha'Davar ha'Zeh"? To which episode does it refer?

(e) On what grounds did he refuse the offer?

Answers to questions



(a) Why did Rebbi Avahu undertake to cease Darshening the Sugya of the three kings who receive no portion in Olam ha'Ba?

(b) How did he explain the fact that he resumed his D'rashos after he recovered?

(c) King Menasheh appeared to Rav Ashi in a dream.
Why was he cross with him?

(d) What She'eilah did he ask him about the B'rachah of 'ha'Motzi' to prove his superiority in learning?

(a) What did Rav Ashi promise he would do if he would teach him the Halachah?

(b) What did Menasheh teach him?

(c) What did Menasheh reply when Rav Ashi asked him how, if he was so advanced in learning, he could possibly have served Avodah-Zarah?

(d) How did he refer to the three Kings on the following day?

(a) How do we Darshen the name 'Achav'?

(b) What is the significance of 'Av la'Avodah-Zarah'? From which Pasuk in Melachim do we learn the depth of a father's love for a son?

(c) Who was the bigger Rasha, Achav or Yeravam?

(d) Then why does the Pasuk constantly refer to Yeravam as the epitome of evil ("like the sins of Yeravam who sinned and who made Yisrael sin")?

(a) What does Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk in Hoshe'a (in connection with Achav) "Gam Mizbechosam ke'Galim al Talmei Sadai"?

(b) And what do we learn from the Pasuk in Melachim "ve'Hichrati le'Achav Mashtin ba'Kir *ve'Atzur ve'Azuv* be'Yisrael"?

(c) What did a. Omri, b. Achav, do to merit sitting on the throne of Yisrael? How long did the latter reign?

(d) What was the name of the city that Omri purchased from Shemer for two Kikar of silver?

(a) What did ben Hadad, King of Syria, demand of Achav? What did he mean by "Kol Machmad Einecha"?

(b) What was Achav's reply?

(c) "Kol Machmad Einecha" cannot have referred to Achav's idols, we explain, because the Pasuk describes how all the elders and all the people encouraged him to refuse. And we ask that perhaps ''the elders" referred to here were Resha'im.
Where do we find a precedent for this?

(d) What do we answer?

(e) How many Tzadikim do we know of in Yisrael at that time?

(a) What does Rav Nachman learn from the Pasuk (in connection with finding a spirit to entice Achav to go to war in Ramos Gilad, where he would be killed) "Vayomer Zeh be'Choh, ve'Zeh Omer be'Choh"?

(b) What does Rav Yosef ask on Rav Nachman? Who was largely responsible for Achav's evil ways?

(c) How do we answer Rav Yosef's Kashya? What did Achav do that made him a Beinoni?

(d) We already discussed the spirit of Navos ha'Yizre'eli in 'Eilu Hein ha'Nechenakin'.
How did he succeed in luring Achav to the battlefield? Why did specifically the spirit of Navos volunteer to do so?

(e) Rav Papa cites the adage based on Navos' act and punishment (that he was ordered to leave Hashem's presence for lying) 'de'Para Kineih Machriv Beiseih'.
What does this mean?

(a) The Pasuk in Melachim records that Achav sinned more than all the previous kings.
What, according to Rebbi Yochanan, did he write on the gates of Shomron? What does this demonstrate?

(b) King Achazyahu too, ranks among the worst kings.
What would he do with the Sifrei-Torah?

(c) 'Menasheh' is the acronym of 'she'Nashah Kah'.
What does 'she'Nashah Kah' mean?

(d) What does the Tana Kama of our Mishnah learn from the Pasuk (in connection with Menasheh) "Va'ya'as Asheirah Ka'asher Asah Achav"?

(a) According to Rebbi Yochanan, the Tana Kama and Rebbi Yehudah (who holds that Menasheh does have a portion in Olam ha'Ba) learn their respective opinions from the same Pasuk "u'Nesatim le'Za'avah le'Chol Mamlechos ha'Aretz bi'Gelal Menasheh ben Chizkiyahu". What is the Pasuk talking about?

(b) How does ...

  1. ... Rebbi Yehudah interpret "bi'Gelal Menasheh"?
  2. ... the Tana Kama interpret it?
Answers to questions

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