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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 101

SANHEDRIN 101-103 (18 Teves) - dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the third Yahrzeit of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner). May the merit of supporting and advancing Talmud study serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah


(a) What does the Beraisa say about someone who reads a Pasuk of Shir Hashirim as a song (in any tune other than its special notes) or who reads a Pasuk out of turn during festivities in order to jest with it?

(b) When this happens, the Torah puts on sack-cloth (so to speak).
What complaint does it present before Hashem?

(c) What did the Torah reply when Hashem asked it what Yisrael should then do whilst they are eating, assuming they are ...

  1. ... Ba'alei Mikra?
  2. ... Ba'alei Mishnah?
  3. ... Ba'alei Gemara?
(d) And what does Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar in the name of Rebbi Yehoshua ben Chananyah say about someone who reads the right Pasuk at the right time? Which Pasuk in Mishlei does he quote?
(a) Rebbi Akiva in our Mishnah includes 'Lochesh al ha'Makah' among the things for which one loses one's portion in Olam ha'Ba.
How does Rebbi Yochanan qualify this? Why is it then forbidden?

(b) What is then the Chidush of 'Afilu ...

  1. ... "Nega Tzara'as" ' (Rav)?
  2. ... "Vayikra el Mosheh" (Rebbi Chanina)"
(c) The Beraisa permits the anointing of oil on one's stomach and rubbing it in on Shabbos.
Why is this not considered healing, which is forbidden on Shabbos?

(d) What does the Tana say about reciting an incantation to gather snakes and scorpions to one spot on Shabbos, to prevent them from causing damage? What is the Chidush?

(a) The Tana also permits passing a vessel over the eye on Shabbos (to cool it down or to encircle it with a ring when it hurts).
How does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel qualify this? What sort of vessel is permitted?

(b) He forbids however, consulting the demons to help him find his lost article.
Why is that?

(c) Rebbi Yossi, like whom Rav Huna rules, forbids it even on a weekday. Why is that?

(d) To illustrate what Rebbi Yossi means, we cite an incident that took place with Rav Yitzchak bar Yosef.
What happened to him when he consulted a demon?

(a) Under what condition does the Tana permit anointing and rubbing in oil on Shabbos?

(b) Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina requires that one first anoints and then rubs (the reverse order of how one would do it during the week).
What does Rebbi Yochanan say?

(c) Who are the 'Sarei Shemen" and the 'Sarei Beitzim'?

(d) If it is permitted to consult them, why did they stop doing so?

(a) One is permitted to rub in oil from the hand but not from a vessel.
Why is that?

(b) What happened to Rav Shmuel bar Yitzchak bar Marsa, when he once took some oil from a jar that they gave him in an inn and anointed his face with it?

(c) What happened in the market-place?

(d) Rebbi Aba asked Rabah why, after stating "Kol ha'Machalah Asher Samti be'Mitzrayim Lo Asim Alecha", the Pasuk in Beshalach needs to conclude "Ki Ani Hashem Rof'echa".
What reply did he give, quoting Rebbi Yochanan?

(a) When Rebbi Eliezer's Talmidim visited him, Rabah bar bar Chanah informs us, he told them that there was burning anger in the world.
What did he mean? With whom was Hashem angry?

(b) Why did ...

  1. ... the other Talmidim begin to weep?
  2. ... Rebbi Akiva begin to laugh?
(c) What did Rebbi Akiva reply when Rebbi Eliezer then asked him what sin he had performed, that required Kaparah?

(d) Which four Talmidim went to visit Rebbi Eliezer in another incident related by the Beraisa?

(a) The first three Talmidim all gave Rebbi Eliezer precedence over the most important things in the world; Rebbi Tarfon over rain, Rebbi Yehoshua over the planet sun, and Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah over a father and mother.
What was their common message? What gave Rebbi Eliezer precedence over all these things?

(b) Rebbi Eliezer seemed to have been more intrigued by the two words of Rebbi Akiva.
What did Rebbi Akiva say?

(c) In fact, he derived this from King Menasheh, son of Chizkiyahu Hamelech.
What do we know about the age that Menasheh, a wicked king (as we learned in our Mishnah) ascended the throne, and how long he ruled?

(a) Who wrote 'Mishlei'?

(b) If Chizkiyah went to such lengths to teach everybody else Torah (see Maharsha), how come that his son was such a Rasha? Does this mean that he excluded him from his efforts to spread Torah?

(c) Menasheh remained cold to both his father's teachings and Hashem's words of encouragement.
What was it that brought him back?

(d) What sort of Yisurin did Menasheh suffer?

Answers to questions



(a) The Beraisa states 'Sheloshah Ba'u ba'Alilah'.
Who were the other two besides Menasheh?

(b) What does 'Sheloshah Ba'u ba'Alilah' mean?

(c) And wWhat did Kayin mean when he said "Gadol Avoni mi'Neso"?

(d) What argument does the Tana ascribe to ...

  1. ... Eisav?
  2. ... Menasheh"?
(a) Aba Shaul in our Mishnah includes someone who pronounces the Name of Hashem in the list of those who their portion in Olam ha'Ba.
Which Name is the Tana referring to?

(b) What does the Beraisa mean when it says 'u'vi'Gevulin'?

(c) And what does the Tana mean when he adds 'u've'Lashon Agah'? What does 'Agah' mean?

(d) Will this punishment apply to someone who pronounces the Name of Hashem ...

  1. ... distinctly, outside the Beis-Hamikdash?
  2. ... in broken Lashon ha'Kodesh inside the Beis-Hamkdash?
(a) The Beraisa ascribes three possible meanings to 'Yeravam'.
What is the meaning of the acronym ...
  1. ... 'she'Riva Am'?
  2. ... 'she'Asah Merivah ba'Am'?
(b) What is the third acronym contained in 'Yeravam'?

(c) How does the Tana explain 'ben Nevat'?

(d) Nevat was alias Michah and Sheva ben Bichri.
If his real name was Sheva ben Bichri, why was he called Michah?

(a) Both Sheva ben Bichri and Achitofel backed Avshalom in his uprising against his father David. What Siman symbolizing Malchus, did ...
  1. ... Nevat see that caused him to err?
  2. ... Achitofel see that caused to err?
(b) What was ...
  1. ... Nevat's mistake? What did the Si'man really signify?
  2. ... Achitofel's mistake?
(c) What did Sheva ben Bichri (and presumably Achitofel) expect to achieve by joining Avshalom?

(d) Based on the Pasuk "Heimah Mei Merivah ... ", who was the third party to misinterpret what they saw? How does Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina interpret that Pasuk?

(e) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Melachim (in connection with Yeravam) "Vayehi be'Davar ha'Zeh le'Chatas Beis Yeravam, *u'le'Hach'chid u'le'Hashmid* me'Al P'nei ha'Adamah"?

Answers to questions

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