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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 95


(a) How does Rav Huna interpret the Pasuk "Od ha'Yom be'Nov La'amod"? What has the town of Nov got to do with Sancheriv?

(b) What did the Caldean soothsayers tell him?

(c) After miraculously arriving on the outskirts of Yerushalayim on the same day, why did he decline to attack it immediately, even when his generals suggested that he should? What made him decide to wait until tomorrow?

(d) How did he manage to see the whole of Yerushalayim despite its high walls?

(a) What final instructions did he leave his soldiers for the next day?

(b) What did he discover when he arose the following morning?

(c) What did Rav Papa mean when he connected this to the saying 'Bas Diyna, Bateil Diyna'?

(a) Who was Yishbi be'Nov? What was the name of his mother?

(b) Why was he called Yishbi *be'Nov*?

(c) He was wearing a new battle suit (see Rashi in Shmuel).
How much did his sword weigh?

(d) David was held (indirectly) responsible for that episode.
Besides the killing of all the inhabitants of Nov (at the hand of Shaul), what happened as a result of it to ...

  1. ... Do'eg ha'Edomi?
  2. ... Shaul and his three sons?
(a) What did David choose when given the choice of being delivered into the hands of his enemy (Yishbi be'Nov) or of his line of descendants terminating?

(b) How did Yishbi be'Nov find David?

(c) What did he say when he saw him?

(d) What did he do with David after trussing him up?

(a) How was David miraculously saved from being squashed to death?

(b) What was Avishai ben Tzeruyah (brother of Yo'av, David's general) doing when he discovered that David was in distress?

(c) How did he find out about it? What led him to realize that it was David who was in trouble?

(d) What did he do when he discovered that David was not at home?

(e) By what right did he use the king's mule?

(a) Seeing as it was Erev Shabbos (and David's life was in danger), how did he manage to arrive in Peleshes so quickly?

(b) What happened when he met Orpah on the way? What did ...

  1. ... she try to do to him?
  2. ... he do to her?
(c) What did Yishbi be'Nov do when he saw Avishai and realized that there were now two against one?

(d) Avishai uttered the Name of Hashem, and David remained suspended in the air.
Why did David not do so himself?

(a) What did Avishai say to David that gave rise to the adage 'bar B'rich Kiyra Lizbun, ve'At Al Titzta'er' ('Let your grandson sell wax, but you should not suffer')?

(b) How does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav explain the Pasuk in Shmuel "va'Ya'azor Lo Avishai ben Tzeruyah"? In what way did he help him?

(c) After Avishai had brought David down to earth with the Name of Hashem and they were running away, and they arrived at ...

  1. ... Kubi (a town between Peleshes and Yisrael), what did they? Why was the town called by that name?
  2. ... 'Bei T'rei' (which means 'between two'), what did they say?
(d) How did they manage to kill him? What did they do to weaken him?

(e) What did David's men swear following this incident?

(a) Having just taught us that Avishai ben Tzeruyah had Kefitzas ha'Derech, what does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Chayei-Sarah (in connection with Eliezer) "va'Avo ha'Yom el ha'Ayin"?

(b) Who was the third person to experience 'Kefitzas ha'Derech'?

(c) What problem do we have with the Pasuk in Vayeitzei "Vayeitzei Ya'akov mi'Be'er Sheva Vayeilech Charanah ... va'Yifga ba'Makom ... "?

(d) What is the answer? How do we interpret "va'Yifga ba'Makom"?

Answers to questions



(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk (still in connection with Ya'akov Avinu) ...
  1. ... (there) "va'Yalen Sham ki Va ha'Shemesh"?
  2. ... (in Vayishlach) "va'Yizrach Lo ha'Shemesh"?
(b) Under whose auspices were David's descendants destroyed?

(c) How come that one (Yo'ash) was saved?

(a) Of the 185,000 men in Sancheriv's army, 45,000 were princes riding in golden chariots.
Who accompanied them in the chariots?

(b) 80,000 were warriors who wore chain-mail.
In what capacity did the remaining 60,000 fight?

(c) The same number fought with the four kings against Avraham.
On what occasion will these numbers be repeated?

(d) A Beraisa gives the size of Sancheriv's camp as four hundred Parsah wide and the combined width of his horses necks as forty Parsah.
What was the sum total of soldiers plus one?

(e) What She'eilah did Abaye have, concerning the 'minus one'? What is the outcome of his She'eilah?

(a) If the first batch of troops that crossed the Jordan River with their horses, had to swim across, how did ...
  1. ... the second batch cross? Why was that?
  2. ... the third batch cross?
(b) So what did the last batch drink?

(c) How does Rebbi Avahu reconcile the number of troops presented by the Beraisa, with the 185,000 listed in the Pasuk?

(d) What does Rav Ashi prove from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "be'Mishmanav Razon", and Ravina from the Pasuk there "va'Yishlach Hashem Mal'ach va'Yachecheid Kol Gibor Chayil ve'Nagid ve'Sar be'Machaneh Melech Ashur"?

(a) What does the Beraisa extrapolate from the Pasuk in ...
  1. ... Beshalach "va'Yar Yisrael es *ha'Yad ha'Gedolah*" (rather than "*Yad ha'Gedolah*" [Rebbi Eliezer])?
  2. ... Va'eira "Etzba Elokim Hi" (Rebbi Yehoshua)?
(b) According to Rebbi Yossi Hagelili, Hashem instructed the Angel Gavriel to sharpen his scythe to kill Sancheriv's army.
What did Gavriel reply?

(c) What did Rav Papa learn from Rebbi Shimon, who added that Gavriel was sent on his mission at the time of year which happened to coincide with the time when the fruit ripens? What does that have to do with Gavriel?

(d) Others say that Hashem killed them by blowing into their nostrils. What does Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba learn from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "ve'Gam Ani Akeh Kapi el Kapi, va'Hanichosi Chamasi"?

(e) The final opinion is that of Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha.
What does he say?

(a) Following the question as to how many of Sancheriv's army survived, Rav quotes the Pasuk in Yeshayah (in that connection) "ve'Na'ar Yichtevem".
What does that indicate?

(b) Shmuel, quoting the Pasuk there "ve'Nish'ar Bo Olelos ke'Nokef Zayis, Shenayim, Sheloshah ... Arba'ah va'Chamishah", learns from the last two numbers that there were nine.
What does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi, who derives his opinion from the same Pasuk, say?

(c) According to Rebbi Yochanan, there were five survivors, starting with Sancheriv and his two sons.
Who were the other two?

(d) According to Rebbi Yochanan, Nevuzraden was traditionally one of the five.
Given that he subscribes to the opinion that it was Gavriel who killed Sancheriv's army, how does that prove that Nevuchadnetzar was the fifth?

(a) Who was ...
  1. ... 'Nisroch'?
  2. ... 'Adarmelech and Sharetzer'?
(b) What incredible act did Hashem perform with Sancheriv?

(c) What was Sancheriv's response when Hashem, disguised as an Old Man, pointed out to him that the kings of the east might not be too happy with him for taking their sons to war and returning without them?

(d) So what did 'the Old Man' advise him to do?

Answers to questions

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