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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 94


(a) If Chagai, Zecharyah and Malachi did not see the vision, why were they afraid?

(b) If, as Ravina learns from there, a person is sometimes afraid of something that he cannot see, but his Mazel can, what two options does he have to protect himself?

(c) When does he have the alternative option of reciting the incantation 'Iza de'Bei Tavcha Sh'meina Mina'i'? What does this statement imply?

(a) What is strange about the word "*le'Marbeh* ha'Misrah u'le'Shalom Ein Keitz"?

(b) If Chizkiyah ha'Melech had become Mashi'ach, who would have been Gog u'Magog?

(c) Why did this not happen?

(d) Which miracles is this referring to?

(e) How did bar Kapara now Darshen the 'Mem S'tumah' in Tzipori?

(a) Who sang Shirah instead of Chizkiyahu? What request did the replacement make?

(b) What did the Sar ha'Olam (Matatron) then request?

(c) Hashem however, did not accept their request for reasons that He kept secret ('Razi Li, Razi Li'). In reply to the Navi's question, how long it would now take for Mashi'ach to come, a bas-Kol announced "Bogdim Bagdu u'Bagad, Bogdim Bagdu" (Yeshayah).
How does Rava (or Rebbi Yitzchak) explain this?

(a) Masa Dumah Eilai Korei mi'Seir; Shomer Mah mi'Laylah, Shomer Mah mi'Layil".
Who is ...
  1. ... "Dumah"?
  2. ... "Shomer"?
  3. ... "Laylah"?
(b) What did the spirits ask Dumah?

(c) He answered that the Ge'ulah will come, but only after a protracted Galus.
What else might he have meant?

(d) On which two conditions will we merit the Ge'ulah?

(a) Rebbi Papayas in a Beraisa described Chizkiyah's failure to sing Shirah before the earth came and did it, as shameful.
What similar comment did he make based on the Pasuk in Yisro "va'Yomer Yisro, Baruch Hashem Asher Hitzil Eschem ... "?

(b) Rav interprets "va'Yichad Yisro" to mean that he passed a sharp sword (Cherev *Chadah*) over his flesh (when he circumcised).
How does Shmuel interpret it?

(c) What does Rav Papa learn from there with regard to denigrating a Nochri in the presence of a Ger?

(d) Not all the soldiers of Sancheriv were fat (Agados Maharsha).
How do we therefore explain the Pasuk "Lachein, Yeshalach ha'Adon Hashem Tzevakos *be'Mishmanav* Razon"?

(a) In the list of names of ...
  1. ... Chizkiyahu, why is 'Chizkiyahu' omitted?
  2. ... Sancheriv, why is 'Sancheriv' omitted?
(b) Three of Sancheriv's names were Asanpar, Rabah and Yakira (all with connotions of greatness).
What did he do to deserve such honorable names?

(c) Rav and Shmuel actually argue over whether Sancheriv's statement was wise or foolish.
On what grounds does one of them consider it ...

  1. ... wise?
  2. ... foolish?
(d) Mar Zutra and Rebbi Chanina argue over where he exiled the ten tribes to. One of them says he exiled them to Harei S'lug.
What does the other one say?
(a) Yisrael did not behave like Sancheriv. When the exiles arrived in a place called Sus, they compared it to their own land.
What did they say when they arrived in a place called ...
  1. ... Almin?
  2. ... T'rein Sos?
(b) The Pasuk in Yeshayah, describing the death of Sancheriv, writes "ve'Sachas Kevodo, Yeikad Yekod ki'Yekod Eish".
What does Rebbi Yochanan mean when he explains "ve'Sachas Kevodo", 've'Lo Kevodo Mamash'?

(c) What does Rebbi Elazar say?

(d) Why did Hashem punish Par'oh Himself ("va'Yena'er Hashem es Mitzrayim"), but Sancheriv, through a Sheli'ach ("va'Yeitzei Malach Hashem va'Yach be'Machaneh Ashur")?

Answers to questions



(a) How many of Sancheriv's soldiers died overnight?

(b) In Yeshayah, Sancheriv is quoted as referring to "Merom Kitzo", in Melachim, to "Melon Kitzo".
How does Rebbi Chanina bar Papa reconcile this discrepancy? What was Sancheriv threatening to do?

(c) What did Sancheriv mean when he claimed that Hashem had sent him to destroy Yerushalayim?

(d) Rav Yosef cites Targum Yonasan to explain the Pasuk in Yeshayah.
How does Targum interpret the 'Mei ha'Shilo'ach which they rejected? What does that have to do with R'tzin (King of Aram) and (Pekach) ben Remalyahu (king of Yisrael).

(a) In describing the modest ways of Malchus Beis David, what distinction does Rebbi Yochanan draw between Pekach ben Remelyahu and Chizkiyahu (based on a Pasuk in Mishlei)?

(b) To whom does the Navi then refer when he writes "ve'Lachein Hinei Ma'aleh Aleihem es Mei ha'Nahar ha'Atzumim ve'ha'Rabim ... "?

(c) Seeing as the Navi had indeed called Sancheriv to attack Yisrael, why was the latter then punished?

(d) How does Rebbi Elazar bar Berechyah interpret the Pasuk ...

  1. ... "Ki Lo Mu'af la'Asher Mutzak Lah"?
  2. ... "ka'Eis ha'Rishon Heikal Artzah Zevulun ve'Artzah Naftali"?
  3. ... "ve'ha'Acharon Hichbid"?
  4. ... "Derech ha'Yam Eiver ha'Yarden"?
(a) What demand did Hashem therefore make of Sancheriv?

(b) And what would happen to him if he refused?

(c) What problem do we have with the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim (with reference to the Torah that Chizkiyah and the people studied) "Acharei ha'Devarim ve'Emes ha'Eilah Ba Sancheriv Melech Ashur va'Yichan al Yehudah ... "?

(d) How does Ravina therefore explain the Pasuk? Why did Hashem not send Chizkiyah to destroy Sancheriv's army?

(e) And how does he now explain "ve'ha'Emes"?

(a) How does Rebbi Yochanan explain the Pasuk ...
  1. ... "ve'Al Harai Avusenu"?, and Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha, the Pasuk ...
  2. ... "ve'Chuval Ol Mipnei Shemen" (meaning that the yoke of Sancheriv will be broken because of the oil of Chizkiyahu)? Which oil?
(b) Why did Chizkiyah stick a sword in the Beis-Hamedrash?

(c) What did the inspectors discover from Geives to Antipras?

(d) What is the significance of the Pasuk (describing the generation of Chizkiyah) "ve'Hayah ba'Yom ha'Hu Yihyeh ... Elef Gefen be'Elef Kesef, le'Shamir u'le'Shayis Yihyeh"?

(a) When Yeshayah invited the B'nei Yehudah to take the loot of Sancheriv, they asked him whether it needed to be distributed or whether each person could help himself (see Agados Maharsha).
What did he reply?

(b) On what grounds did they initially decline the offer?

(c) What did Yeshayah mean when he responded "ke'Meshek Geivim Shokek Bo"?

(a) How many journeys did Sancheriv make on the day that he besieged Yerushalayim?

(b) The Pasuk then lists twelve stops. To resolve this discrepancy, we interpret the last three places in a different context.
How do we explain ...

  1. ... "Tzahali Kolech bas-Galim"?
  2. ... "Hakshivah Layshah"?
  3. ... "Aniyah Anasos"?
(c) Why do we then need to say that Avru and Ma'abarah are two different places?
(a) What is the connection between Nevuchadnetzar (whom Yirmiyah referred to as "Alah *Aryeh* mi'Subko"), and "Layish"?

(b) Anasos was situated in the portion of Binyamin.
To which tribe did Yirmiyah belong?

Answers to questions

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