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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 93


(a) What does Rebbi Yochanan extrapolate from the sequence in the Pasuk, which describes the 'three' men walking unscathed in the burning furnace and the fourth figure resembling an angel?

(b) Rebbi Tanchum bar Chanila'i explains how all the nations of the world came and tapped Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah on the face.
Why did they do that? What did they say?

(c) What did Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah respond?

(d) How does Rebbi Yonasan explain the Pasuk in Shir ha'Shirim ...

  1. ... "Amarti E'eleh be'Tamar"?
  2. ... "Ochzah le'Sansinav"?
(e) Why is Yisrael compared to a palm-tree?
(a) In the Pasuk in Zecharyah, what is meant by ...
  1. ... "Ra'isi ha'Laylah"?
  2. ... "Ish Rochev al Sus"?
  3. ... "Sus Adom"?
  4. ... "ve'Hu Omed Bein ha'Hadasim"?
  5. ... "Asher ba'Metzulah"?
  6. ... "Susim ... Levanim"?
(b) What does Rav Papa extrapolate from this final D'rashah?

(c) According to Rav, after Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah were saved from the furnace, they died from an Ayin ha'Ra, whereas according to Shmuel, they drowned in spit .
Which spit (see Margalis ha'Yam)?

(d) What does Rebbi Yochanan say?

(a) A similar Machlokes Tana'im is cited in the Beraisa between Rebbi Eliezer, Rebbi Yehoshua and the Chachamim, respectively.
What proof do the Chachamim bring from the Pasuk in Zecharyah "Sh'ma Na Yehoshua ha'Kohen ha'Gadol Atah ve'Rei'echa ... ki Anshei Mofes Heimah"?

(b) What problem do we have with Daniel in respect of the episode with Chananyah, Mishael and Azrayah?

(c) According to Rav, he went to dig a river in Teverya (or in Har ha'Melech), and according to Shmuel, the king sent him to bring Aspasta seeds. According to Rebbi Yochanan, he sent him to Egypt.
What for?

(d) How do we reconcile this with Todos the doctor, who states in a Beraisa that every cow or sow that left Egypt had to have its womb removed, to avoid breeding it with their own males?

(a) What does the Beraisa mean when it states 'Sheloshah Hayu be'Osah Eitzah'?

(b) Why did Hashem want Daniel out of the way when Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah were cast into the furnace?

(c) How did Nevuchadnetzar view Daniel?

(d) How does that explain the interest that ...

  1. ... Daniel himself had, to be out of the way?
  2. ... Nevuchadnetzar had, to remove him from the scene?
(a) Who were Achav ben Kulyah and Tzidkiyah ben Ma'aseyah?

(b) After portraying them as a public curse, the Pasuk writes about them "Asher Kalam Melech Bavel".
How does Rebbi Yochanan in the name of Rebbi Shimon ben Yochai explain the Lashon "Kalam" (rather than 'Sarfam')?

(c) What disgusting thing did they do?

(d) How did Nevuchadnetzar react when his daughter reported their visit to him?

(a) What did they reply when Nevuchadnetzar told them that ...
  1. ... Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah had informed him that what they planned to do was prohibited?
  2. ... he wished to put them to the test by throwing them into furnace, to see whether they would too, survive, like the three Tzadikim had?
(b) When Nevuchadnetzar then gave his consent to pick anyone they wished to make up the threesome, whom did they choose? What did they expect to happen?

(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Zecharyah "ha'Lo Zeh Ud Mutzal me'Eish"? Who was the "Ud Mutzal me'Eish"?

(d) How did he explain to Nevuchadnetzer the fact that his clothes were burned, whereas the clothes of ...

  1. ... Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah were not?
  2. ... Avraham Avinu were not?
(e) What adage emerges from this in connection with two dry logs and wet one?
(a) In spite of what we just explained, Rav Papa presents a legitimate reason for Yehoshua Kohen Gadol's punishment.
What was it?

(b) How is this hinted in the Pasuk? What does the Navi describe Yehoshua Kohen Gadol as wearing?

Answers to questions



(a) Rebbi Tanchum cites bar Kapara in Tzipori, who discusses the Pasuk in Rus "Sheish Se'orim ha'Eileh Nasan Li Bo'az".
What problem does bar Kapara have with explaining the six barleys to mean ...
  1. ... literally six grains of barley?
  2. ... six Sa'in of barley (1 Sa'ah = 144 egg-volumes)?
(b) Why can the Pasuk not be referring to six Kabin or six Lugin (1 Lug = 6 egg-volumes [which *is* feasible for a woman to carry])?

(c) So what does the Pasuk mean? How much *did* Bo'az give Rus?

(d) Three of the Tzadikim hinted there were David, Mashi'ach and Daniel.
Who were the other three?

(a) The six B'rachos of David are contained in the Pasuk in Shmuel "va'Ya'an Echad me'ha'Ne'arim va'Yomer Hinei Ra'isi ben le'Yishai Beis-ha'Lachmi ... ". In what context did the 'lad' say this?

(b) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav explains the six B'rachos.
If by "Yode'a Nagein" Do'eg meant that David knew how to ask Kashyos, what did he mean by "ve'Gibor Chayil"?

(c) And what did the 'lad' mean when he said ...

  1. ..."ve'Ish Milchamah"?
  2. ... "ve'Navon Davar"?
(d) "ve'Ish To'ar" meant that he could prove his point down to the Halachah. What did "va'Hashem Imo" mean?
(a) What was Shaul's response to this? What did he say about his son Yonasan?

(b) What is the significance of the Pasuk in Shmuel ...

  1. ... (in connection with Shaul) "u've'Chol Asher Yifneh Yarshi'a"?
  2. ... (in connection with David) "u've'Chol Asher Yifneh Yatzli'ach" (the true quotation is "be'Chol Derachav Maskil")?
(c) What was the name of the 'lad' who told Shaul about David? What does "Abir ha'Ro'im mean" (see Rashi in Shmuel)?

(d) Why does Rav Yehudah refer to his statement as Lashon ha'Ra?

(a) To whom does the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'Nachah Alav Ru'ach Hashem, Ru'ach Chochmah u'Vinah, Ru'ach Eitzah u'Gevurah" pertain? What are the two remaining B'rachos?

(b) Rebbi Alexandri explains the Pasuk there "ve'Hericho be'Yir'as Hashem" to mean that he is loaded with Mitzvos and suffering.
How does Rava explain it, based on the Pasuk there "ve'Lo le'Mar'eh Einav Yishpot ... "?

(c) Who was ben Kuziba? How long did he rule?

(d) Why did the Chachamim kill him?

(a) About whom is the following Pasuk in Daniel written "Asher Ein Bahem Kol Me'um, ve'Tuvei Mar'eh, u'Maskilim be'Chol Chochmah, ve'Yod'ei Da'as, u'Mevinei Mada, va'Asher Ko'ach Bahem La'amod be'Heichal ha'Melech ... "?

(b) What is the meaning of ...

  1. ... "Asher Ein Bahem Me'um?
  2. ... "va'Asher Ko'ach Bahem La'amod be'Heichal ha'Melech"? Which two things did they have to do for the long hours that they stood before Nevuchadnetzar, besides holding back their laughter and not talking, according to Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina?
(c) According to Rebbi Elazar, all four above-mentioned Tzadikim were from Yehudah.
What does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni say? How will he then explain the six Tzadikim that would descend from Rus?

(d) The Navi Yeshayah told Chizkiyah ha'Melech that some of his descendants (Daniel, Chananya, Mishael and Azaryah) would be "Sarisim", which means eunuchs, according to Rav.
Why did they do that to them?

(a) How does Rebbi Chanina interpret "Sarisim"?

(b) How will Rav explain the Pasuk ...

  1. ... that we quoted earlier "Asher Ein Bahem Kol Me'um"?
  2. ... "ve'Chaval Lo Isai Behon" (which means that they were not wounded)?
  3. ... "ve'Rei'ach Nur Lo Adas Behon"?
(c) The Pasuk in Yeshayah writes (in reference to the above Tzadikim) "Koh Amar Hashem la'Sarisim Asher Yishmeru es Shabsosai ... ".
How will Rav explain this Pasuk? Is it the way of Pesukim to refer to Tzadikim derogatively?

(d) And how will Rebbi Chanina (who does not hold that they were eunuchs) explain the Pasuk there "be'Veisi u've'Chomosai Yad va'Shem Tov mi'Banim u'mi'Banos" (implying that they could not have children)?

(e) And how does Rebbe Tanchum quoting bar Kapara in Tzipori, explain the end of that Pasuk "Shem Olam Eten Lo Asher Lo Yikares"?

(a) What does Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba learn from the Pasuk in Nechemyah "Zachrah Li Elokai le'Tovah"? What is he coming to explain with that?

(b) But did David not also say "Zachreini Hashem bi'Retzon Amecha"?

(c) Rav Yosef (due to the previous Kashya) disagrees.
Why, according to him, was Nechemyah punished in this way? Who is included in "ve'ha'Pachos ha'Rishonim Asher Lefanai"?

(d) We know that Daniel was greater than Nechemyah from the fact that he saw a vision, which the men who were with him were unable to see.
Who were the men who were with him, according to Rebbi Yirmiyah (or Rebbi Chiya bar Aba)?

(a) Daniel was greater than Chagai, Zacharyah and Malachi in that he saw the vision, whereas they did not.
In which way were they greater than him?

(b) When did Daniel and Nechemyah respectively, live?

Answers to questions

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