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Sanhedrin 92

SANHEDRIN 92 (7 Teves) - Dedicated by Josh Daniel of Efrat, Israel, in memory of his brother, Yitzchok Yisroel [ben Refael Noach Yosef] Daniel, on his Yahrzeit (7 Teves).


(a) What does Rav Sheishes say about someone who teaches Torah in this world?

(b) He learns this from the Pasuk in Mishlei "u'Marveh Gam Hu Yoreh".
What are the two possible meanings of this phrase?

(c) Rava learns Techi'as ha'Meisim from the Pasuk in Vayechi.
What does Ravina learn from the Pasuk in Daniel "ve'Rabim mi'Yeshenei Admas Afar Yakitzu, Eileh le'Chayei Olam ve'Eileh la'Charafos ... "?, and Rav Ashi from the Pasuk there "ve'Atah Lech le'Keitz, ve'Tanu'ach ve'Ta'amod le'Goralcha le'Keitz Yamin"?

(a) What does Rebbi Elazar say ...
  1. ... about a leader who leads the community in a gentle manner in this world?
  2. ... the greatness of "De'ah (Da'as)"?
  3. ... the greatness of the Beis-Hamikdash"?
(b) What did Rebbi Elazar reply when Rav Ada Karchina'ah queried him from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Keil Nekamos Hashem ... " (and what is so great about vengeance?)?

(c) How does Ula explain the Pasuk "Keil Nekamos Hashem, Keil Nekamos Hofi'a" (as if "Hofi'a" was written twice, once with each Nekamah)?

(d) And what does Rebbi Elazar say, based on the fact that both De'ah and the Beis-Hamikdash are placed between two names of Hashem?

(a) What does Rebbi Elazar learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei "u've'Da'as Chadarim Yimle'u Kol Hon Yakar ve'Na'im"?

(b) And what did he say about someone who ...

  1. ... does not have De'ah?
  2. ... gives of his bread to someone who does not have De'ah?
(c) What does Rebbi Elazar say will happen to someone who does not ...
  1. ... have De'ah?
  2. ... study Torah at night-time (see Agados Maharsha)?
  3. ... benefit Talmidei-Chachamim with his money?
  4. ... leave bread on the table after eating?
(d) How do we reconcile this with Rebbi Elazar's own statement that if someone leaves bread on the table, it is as if he had served idols? What is the reason for that?
(a) When Rivka ordered Ya'akov to go into Yitzchok for the B'rachos, he initially declined on the grounds that his father would discover his real identity "ve'Hayisi be'Einav ki'Mesa'te'a" (Toldos).
Based on the Pasuk in Yirmiyah "Heel Heimah, Ma'aseh Ta'atu'im", what does Rebbi Elazar extrapolate from "ve'Hayisi be'Einav ki'Mesa'te'a"?

(b) And he says 'Kol ha'Mistakel be'Ervah, Kashto Nin'arah'. He might be referring to someone who looks at a woman's Ervah.
What else might he mean?

(c) According to the first explanation, 'Kashto Nin'arah' means that his Eiver Tashmish will become weak, and he will not be able to have children.
What does it mean, according to the second explanation?

(d) What good advice was Rebbi Elazar giving when he said 'Le'olam Hevei K'veil, ve'Kayam'?

(e) Rebbi Zeira substantiated this with a Mishnah in Nega'im.
What does the Tana there say about examining Tzara'as in a dark room? What is the source for this Halachah?

(a) The Pasuk in Mishlei lists the grave, the womb and the earth.
What do these three have in common?

(b) What deeper connection does Rebbi Tavi Amar Rebbi Yashiyah discover between the grave and the womb? What does he prove with this?

(c) What 'Kal va'Chomer does he Darshen in this connection? What does this have to do with the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Yitaka be'Shofar Gadol"?

Answers to questions



(a) How does Tana de'Bei Eliyahu explain the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'Hayah ha'Nish'ar be'Tziyon ve'ha'Nosar bi'Yerushalayim Kadosh Ye'amar Lo"? What are the connotations of the word "Kadosh" (see Rif in Ein Ya'akov)?

(b) On the other hand, what do we learn from the Pasuk there "ve'Nisgav Hashem Levado ba'Yom ha'Hu"?

(c) What will then happen to the Tzadikim who will remain alive at that time?

(d) Does this mean that they will suffer in the process?

(a) What do we mean when we ask why not learn from the dead whom Yechezkel brought back to life?

(b) What do we answer?

(c) During which period did Yechezkel prophesy? Where was he the Navi?

(d) According to Rebbi Eliezer in that Beraisa, they sang 'Hashem Meimis be'Tzedek, u'Mechayeh be'Rachamim', whereas according to Rebbi Yehoshua, they sang part of Shiras Chanah.
What did they sing?

(e) What did Rebbi Yehudah really mean when he said about the episode with Yechezkel 'Emes Mashal Hayah'?

(a) The most interesting explanation of all is that of Rebbi Eliezer the son of Rebbi Yossi Hagelili.
What does he say? What did those who came back to life do following their revival?

(b) What did Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira stand up and declare when he heard this?

(c) According to Rav, the dead that Yechezkel brought back to life were the B'nei Ephrayim.
Which B'nei Ephrayim?

(d) Who mourned for them for a long time?

(a) Shmuel is of the opinion that the dead that Yechezkel revived were people who had not believed in Techi'as ha'Meisim, and who said "Yavshu Atzmoseinu ... ".
What does Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba, based on the Pasuk "ha'Atzamos ha'Yeveishos Shim'u D'var Hashem", say?

(b) Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha explains that they were people who had filled the Heichal with Shekatzim u'Remasim (vermin and insects). The final opinion is that of Rebbi Yochanan.
What does *he* say?

(c) What special feature marked those young men who had been killed in the valley of Dura?

(d) Why did Nevuchadnetzar ...

  1. ... kill them?
  2. ... trample them after they were already dead?
(a) When exactly, according to the Beraisa, did Hashem instruct Yechezkel to revive the dead of Bik'as Dura?

(b) The first thing the bones did was to tap Nevuchadnetzar on his face.
How does the other version put it?

(c) What did they tell Nevuchadnetar when he asked what was going on?

(d) Why do we refer to Nevuchadnetzar as 'Shachik Tamya'?

(a) What did an angel come and do, when Nevuchadnetzar began relating Hashem's miracles and praising His Kingdom?

(b) What does Rebbi Yitzchak say Nevuchadnetzar would he have done if the angel had not stopped him?

(c) The Beraisa lists six miracles that occurred on that day. The first of them was that the sunken furnace floated to the surface, and the last, Yechezkel's revival of the dead. Besides the breaching of the furnace's walls and the depleted pride of Nevuchadnetzar, which other two miracles occurred?

(a) How else might we read and interpret 'Humak Suro' (the depletion of Nevuchadnetzar's pride)?

(b) What was the purpose of ...

  1. ... the breaching of the walls of the furnace?
  2. ... the lime melting?
(c) How many kings were burned together with their retinue? How do we know that?

(d) What do we learn from the way Chananel, Mishael and Azaryah dressed before being cast into the furnace?

Answers to questions

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