(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Sanhedrin 91


(a) What problem did the Emperor of Rome have with Techi'as ha'Meisim? Why did he consider it impossible (see Agados Maharsha)?

(b) Who answered his question? How did she get her father to answer the question himself (based on two hypothetical potters)?

(c) What was the gist of her answer?

(d) How did Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael answer the Kashya, based on a 'Kal va'Chomer' from glass vessels?

(a) How did Rebbi Ami answer the same Kashya posed to him by a heretic, based on a hypothetical story of servants of a king, who once built him large palaces where there was no water and no earth?

(b) What practical proof did Rebbi Ami bring from a species of squirrel?

(c) How did he dismiss the argument that this is a slow process, that might take a week or two (whereas Techi'as ha'Meisim will take only a moment)?
Where do we find immediate bulk creation that resembles Techi'as ha'Meisim?

(a) What did Gevihah ben Pesisa answer a heretic who queried the institution of Techi'as ha'Meisim, on the grounds that if those who are alive, die, what sense does it make to bring those who have already died, back to life?

(b) Why did he speak to him aggressively, using the words 'Woe to you wicked ones, who claim that the dead do not come back to life'?

(c) What did he respond when the heretic, angry at being called a Rasha, threatened to beat the hunchback out of him?

(a) On the twenty-fourth of Nisan, the 'Dimusnai' were eliminated.
Who were the Dimusnai?

(b) What argument did Gevihah ben Pesisa present to the Sanhedrin (with each and every claimant) when requesting to act as Yisrael's spokesman?

(c) What was the name of the judge that set up the international court?

(d) After Gevihah ben Pesisa obtained permission, what did he ask each nation before giving his answer?

(a) With what argument did he vanquish ...
  1. ... the Africans (descendants of the Cana'anim [see Agados Maharsha]) who claimed that Eretz Cana'an belonged to them?
  2. ... the Egyptians, who claimed that Yisrael had never returned the numerous vessels (and clothes) that they had 'borrowed' from them before leaving Egypt?
(b) What year did that year happen to be?

(c) Alexander Mokdon allowed both the Africans and the Egyptians three days to prepare their replies.
What happened then?

(d) What claim did the B'nei Yishmael and the B'nei Keturah present to Alexander Mokdon?

(a) How did Gevihah ben Pesisa vanquish the B'nei Yishmael and the B'nei Keturah too? What does 'Av she'Nasan Agin le'Banav mean?

(b) What gift did Avraham give to the B'nei Keturah and possibly to Yishmael (see Agados Maharsha)?

(c) On what grounds did Antoninus, King of Rome, suggest that both the body and the Soul might avoid being punished in Gehinom?

(d) What did Rebbi reply? What parable did he give of a king who had an orchard containing luscious figs?

Answers to questions



(a) What was Rebbi's initial reaction to Anoninus' question why the sun rises in the east and sets in the west?

(b) So how did Antoninus re-phrase it?

(c) What did Rebbi mean when he replied with the Pasuk in Tehilim "u'Tzeva ha'Shamayim Lecha Mishtachavim"?

(d) And what did he reply when Antoninus asked him further why it does not then stop in the middle of the sky and retreat (as is customary before kings)?

(a) What objection did Antoninus raise when, in reply to his question, Rebbi stated ...
  1. ... that the Neshamah enters the body only with the baby's birth?
  2. ... that the Yeitzer-ha'Ra joins a person already when he is formed?
(b) What did Rebbi subsequently prove from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... in Iyov "u'Fekudascha Shamrah Ruchi"?
  2. ... in Bereishis "la'Pesach Chatas Rovetz"? What does "Chatas" mean?
(c) What did Rebbi comment after each of the two episodes, even having substantiated Antoninus' opinion?
(a) How does Resh Lakish resolve the apparent discrepancy between the Pasuk in Yirmiyah (in connection with Techi'as ha'Meisim) "Bam Iver u'Pise'ach" and the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Az Yedaleg ke'Ayal Pise'ach, ve'Taron Leshon Ileim"?

(b) And how does Ula resolve the apparent discrepancy between the two Pesukim in Yeshayah (in connection with Techi'as ha'Meisim) "Bila ha'Maves la'Netzach u'Machah Hashem Dim'ah me'Al Kol Panim" and "Ki ha'Na'ar ben Me'ah Shanah Yamus ... "?

(c) What does the latter Pasuk mean?

(d) We just explained that Nochrim will continue to die after Techi'as ha'Meisim (albeit at a ripe old age), and we query the presence of Nochrim in Olam ha'Ba.
What is the answer?

(a) How does Rav Chisda resolve the apparent discrepancy between the Pesukim in Yeshayah "ve'Chafrah ha'Levanah u'Voshah ha'Chamah, Ki Malach Hashem Tzevakos" and "ve'Hayah Or ha'Levanah ke'Or ha'Chamah, ve'Or ha'Chamah Yiheyeh Shiv'asayim ke'Or Shiv'as ha'Yamim"?

(b) And how will we resolve the discrepancy according to Shmuel, who confines any difference between nowadays and the days of Mashi'ach to our freedom from the yoke of the nations exclusively?

(c) How does Rava resolve the apparent discrepancy between the Pesukim in Ha'azinu "Ani Amis va'Achayeh" (implying with the blemishes with which he died) and "Machatzti va'Ani Erpa"?

(d) On what basis does the Tana of a Beraisa conclude that "Ani Amis va'Achayeh" pertains to the same person (a further proof for Techi'as ha'Meisim)?

(a) What does Rebbi Meir in a Beraisa learn from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... in Beshalach "Az Yashir Moshe ... " and from the Pasuk in Yehoshua "Az Yivneh Yehoshua Mizbe'ach la'Hashem"?
  2. ... in Melachim "Az Yivneh Sh'lomoh Bamah li'Chemosh Shikutz Mo'av ... "?
(b) Besides a further proof for Techi'as ha'Meisim min ha'Torah, what does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Ashrei Yoshvei Veisecha, Od *Yehalelucha* Selah"? What should the Navi otherwise have said?

(c) And what does Rebbi Chiya bar Aba Amar Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Kol Tzofayich Nas'u Kol, Yachdav *Yeraneinu*"? What should the Navi otherwise have said?

(d) What else does he extrapolate from the Pasuk?

(a) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav learn from the Pasuk in ve'Zos ha'Berachah "Torah Tzivah Lanu Moshe *Morashah* Kehilas Ya'akov"?

(b) How does he connect Torah to Morashah?

(c) In the Pesukim "u'le'Om mi'le'Om Ye'ematz" (Toldos, in connection with Ya'akov and Eisav), and "Mah Ekov Lo Kaboh Keil" (Balak, in connection with Bil'am's B'rachos), what do the words "Om" and "Kaboh" (respectively) mean?

(d) Given that, based on a Pasuk in Tehilim, "Bar" means Torah, how does Rav Chana bar Bizna Amar Rebbi Shimon Chasida now interpret the Pasuk in Mishlei "Mone'a Bar Yekabohu le'Om"?

(a) Based on the Pasuk in Melachim "*va'Yikov* Chor be'Dalto" (in connection with the collecting boxes in the Beis-Hamikdash), what punishment does Ula bar Yishmael ascribe to someone who fails to impart Torah to a Talmid?

(b) 'Like an Uchla de'Katzri', says Abaye.
What is an 'Uchla de'Katzri'?

(c) Someone who does learn with a Talmid on the other hand, will receive B'rachos, as the Pasuk writes there in Mishlei "u'B'rachah le'Rosh Mashbir". Who is meant by 'Mashbir' (the sustainer)?

Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,