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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 89


(a) What does Rebbi Akiva learn from the Pasuk "ve'Chol ha'Am Yishme'u ve'Yira'u"?

(b) Where did Beis-Din ha'Gadol sit during the last forty years prior to the Churban Bayis Sheini?

(c) What would they do if the Zaken Mamrei initially came before the Beis-Din in the Lishkas ha'Gazis, and by the time he had returned to his town and continued rebelling against Beis-Din, they had already moved to Yavneh?

(d) Rebbi Yehudah disagrees with his Rebbe.
What would the Sanhedrin in Yavneh do, according to him?

(a) On what grounds does Rebbi Yehudah argue with Rebbi Akiva? How does he interpret Rebbi Akiva's Pasuk?

(b) Besides Zaken Mamrei and Meisis, which other two people require 'Hachrazah' (announcing) see Rashash.

(c) We learn this because by most of them the Torah uses an expression of "ve'Chol ha'Am Yishme'u" or "ve'Chol Yisrael Yishme'u".
Why does the Torah change there to "ve'ha'Nish'arim Yishme'u"?

(a) Which two 'prophets' does our Mishnah list under the category of a Navi Sheker, who are punished at the hand of Beis-Din?

(b) Which third category of Navi belongs in this list?

(c) What punishment does a Navi who withholds his prophesy receive?

(d) Which two other cases connected with prophesy receive Miysah bi'Yedei Shamayim?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim "Anochi Edrosh me'Imo"?

(b) Will someone who prophesies in the name of an idol, receives Chenek even if he presents Torah Halachos in its name?

(c) We also included in the list of the Chayvei Chenek, someone who commits adultery with a married woman.
Will this apply even with a woman whose marriage was not yet consumated? How would we know that anyway?

(d) What is the only case where a man and woman receive different punishments for commiting an act of Intimacy for which they are Chayav Miysah?

(a) Rav Yehudah presents the Pasuk "Ach ha'Navi Asher Yazid Le'daber Davar bi'Shemi", as the source for a Navi who speaks what he has not been told.
What does he learn from the Pasuk "va'Asher Lo Tzivisiv"?

(b) From where does he then learn the Din of someone who prophesies in the name of other gods?

(c) How do we know that all of these receive specifically Chenek?

(d) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav also quotes the Pasuk "ve'ha'Ish Asher Lo Yishma el Divrei ha'Navi Anochi Edrosh me'Imo", implying whoever disobeys the words of a Navi.
Which two other D'rashos does he make from the word "Yishma"?

(a) Which sin did Tzidkiyah ben Cana'anah transgress?

(b) On what grounds do we query his guilt?

(c) We resolve the problem by citing Rebbi Yitzchak.
What does Rebbi Yitzchak say about prophesies and prophets, that answers our Kashya and renders Tzidkiyah ben Cana'anah guilty?

(d) How does Rebbi Yitzchak explain the similar prophesies of Ovadyah and Yirmiyah (who prophesied during the same period), who said "Z'don Libcha Hishi'echa", and "Tiflatzt'cha Hishi Osach Z'don Libecha" (respectively)?

(a) Why was Hashem looking for a spirit? Whose spirit volunteered?

(b) After the spirit of Navos volunteered, Hashem said "Tefateh ve'Gam Tuchal. Tzei va'Asei Kein".
How does Rav Yehudah explain the word "Tzei"?

(c) To answer the Kashya that perhaps Tzidkiyah was not conversant with Rebbi Yitzchak's ruling, we cite Yehoshafat King of Yehudah, who was present.
What did ...

  1. ... Tzidkiyah reply when Yehoshafat asked whether there was no Navi present?
  2. ... Yeshoshafat reply to that?
(a) Which of the sins listed in our Mishnah did Chananyah ben Ezor (a former prophet) transgress?

(b) What did ...

  1. ... Yirmiyah prophesy in the upper Shuk?
  2. ... Chananyah prophesy in the lower Shuk simultaneously?
(c) How can refer to this as the same prophesy?

(d) What example do we give of ...

  1. ... someone who prophesies in the name of idolatry?
  2. ... someone who withholds his prophesy?
Answers to questions



(a) The example of someone who refuses to obey the command of a Navi is the 'friend' of Michayhu ben Yimla.
What did he refuse to do when ordered by the Navi?

(b) This was symbolical of what had happened the same day with Achav.
Why had Michayhu prophesied that Achav would fall to ben Hadad of Syria?

(c) Ido ha'Navi is the example of a Navi who disregarded his own prophesy. What had Hashem ordered him not to do after having prophesied what would happen to the Mizbe'ach of Yeravam ben Nevat in Beis-Eil, in the days of Yoshiyahu?

(d) What caused him to change his mind and eat after having at first declined the false prophet's invitation to eat with him?

(e) What was his punishment?

(a) A Beraisa-expert quoted a Beraisa in front of Rav Chisda.
What did the Tana there say with regard to someone who withholds his prophesy?

(b) What did Rav Chisda mean when he asked 'Tamri be'Arbeila Laki? Why ought he not to be subject to Malkos?

(c) Abaye answered that his fellow-prophets warned him. How would they know that ...

  1. ... he had received a prophesy that he had quashed?
  2. ... the Navi did not quash his prophesy because Beis-Din shel Ma'alah had retracted from the evil decree (in which case, they would not have the right to give him Malkos)?
(d) What do we try to prove from Yonah?

(e) How do we refute that proof?

(a) Why is one Chayav for disobeying a Navi? How is one to know that the person who issued him with instructions is indeed a Navi?

(b) In that case, seeing as Michayhu ben Yimlah did not give a sign, why was his 'friend' Chayav for disobeying him?

(c) From which two famous Nevi'im do we prove that someone who is Muchzak as a Navi does not need to substantiate his instructions with a sign?

(a) The Torah writes by the Akeidah "va'Yehi Achar ha'Devarim ha'Eileh". According To Rebbi Yochanan Amar Rebbi Yossi ben Zimra this means after the words of the Satan.
What did ...
  1. ... the Satan say?
  2. ... Hashem reply (giving rise to the test of the Akeidah)?
(b) How does Rebbi Shimon bar Aba explain the significance of "Kach *Na* es Bincha"? What parable does he give to a king and his champion?

(c) What did Avraham reply when Hashem told him to take ...

  1. ... his son?
  2. ... his only son?
  3. ... whom he loved?
(d) Why did Hashem choose to speak to him like that?
(a) On the way to the Akeidah, what did the Satan say to Avraham ...
  1. ... initially, to induce him to change his mind?
  2. ... after Avraham replied 'Ani be'Tumi Eilech'?
(b) And what did Avraham reply when the Satan told him that he had heard from behind the curtain that it was not Yitzchak that was about to be sacrificed, but a lamb?

(c) According to Rebbi Levi, "Achar ha'Devarim ha'Eileh" refers to the conversation between Yishmael and Yitzchak.
In what way did Yishmael boast that he was greater than Yitzchak?

(d) What did Yitzchak reply (giving rise to the test of the Akeidah)?

(a) We learned in a Beraisa 'Navi she'Hidi'ach bi'Sekilah; Madichei Ir ha'Nidachas bi'Sekilah'.
What does Rebbi Shimon say in both cases?

(b) The Rabbanan's source for the former ruling is the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Hadachah" "Hadachah" from Meisis. Rebbi Shimon did not receive this 'Gezeirah-Shavah' from his Rebbes.
On what grounds does he say 'Navi she'Hidi'ach be'Chenek'?

(c) What is the Rabbanan's source for the latter ruling 'Madichei Ir ha'Nidachas bi'Sekilah'?

(a) Rebbi Shimon now learns the Gezeirah-Shavah "Hadachah" "Hadachah" (which he did receive from his Rebbes with regard to Madichei Ir ha'Nidachas) from Navi she'Hidi'ach.
Why does Rebbi Shimon prefer to learn the Gezeirah-Shavah from Navi she'Hidi'ach than from Meisis?

(b) How do we counter this argument? Why might we learn Madichei Ir ha'Nidachas from Meisis than from Navi she'Hidi'ach?

(c) Why does Rebbi Shimon not hold of this argument?

Answers to questions

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