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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 82


(a) What was Rav's initial response, when Rav Kahana asked him what punishment was due to a Bo'el es ha'Kutis (often referred to as 'Bo'el Aramis') who was not killed by a zealous person?

(b) He remembered, following a dream that Rav Kahana related to him, based on a Pasuk in Mal'achi. "Bagdah Yehudah" he said, referred to Avodah-Zarah. How did he interpret ...

  1. ... "ve'So'evah Ne'es'sah be'Yisrael ... "?
  2. ... "Ki Chilel Yehudah es K'dosh Hashem"?
  3. ... "u'Ba'al Bas Keil Neichar"?
(c) And the Pasuk concludes "Yachris Hashem la'Ish Asher Ya'asenah ... ".
How did Rav interpret the words ...
  1. ... "Er ve'Onah be'Ohalei Ya'akov"?
  2. ... "u'Magish Minchah la'Hashem Tzevakos"?
(a) What does Rebbi Chiya bar Avuyah ...
  1. ... extrapolate from the Pasuk "u'Ba'al bas Keil Neichar"?
  2. ... say was written about the skull of Yehoyakim? Where was it lying and what was written on it?
(b) What happened to it when Rebbi P'reida's grandfather once came across it? What did he conclude?

(c) What prompted ...

  1. ... him to wrap it in silks and place it in a box?
  2. ... his wife to burn it?
(d) Why were Rebbi P'reida's grandfather's final words on the subject?
(a) When Rav Dimi arrived from Eretz Yisrael, he stated that it was the Beis-Din of the Chashmona'im who decreed on 'Nashga'.
What is 'Nashga' the acronym of?

(b) How, in this context, must we interpret ...

  1. ... 'Nidah"?
  2. ... 'Shifchah'?
  3. ... 'Eishes Ish'?
(c) And when Ravin arrived, he presented it as 'Nashgaz'.
What does the 'Zayin' stand for?

(d) Why did ...

  1. ... Ravin reject Rav Dimi's version?
  2. ... Rav Dimi reject Ravin's?
(a) What does Rav Chisda say about someone who asks a Rav whether he may go ahead and kill a Bo'el Aramis?

(b) Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan says the same as Rav Chisda Amar Rav.
What does he also say might have been if Zimri ...

  1. ... had separated from Kozbi?
  2. ... had turned round and killed Pinchas?
(c) What prompted Zimri to do what he did?

(d) So how did he oblige?

(a) How did Kozbi react when Zimri accosted her?

(b) And what was Zimri's response to Kozbi's comment?

(c) What did he then do?

(d) How did Moshe and the men who were with him react? Why did he not do what Pinchas did?

(a) If Moshe forgot the Halachah, how does Rav explain the Pasuk "va'Yar Pinchas ben Elazar?

(b) What did he remind Moshe that he had taught them when he came down from Har Sinai?

(c) Whom did he mean when he referred to 'Achi Avi Aba'?

(d) And what was Moshe's famous reply?

(a) What does Shmuel mean when, to explain "va'Yar Pinchas", he quotes the dictum 'Ein Chochmah, ve'Ein Tevunah ve'Eitzah Neged Hashem'? How does that explain his subsequent actions?

(b) According to Rebbi Yitzchak Amar Rebbi Elazar, he saw a Mal'ach.
What was the Ma'l'ach doing, and what did he about it? Why did he then remove the metal from the tip of the wooden spear?

(c) What do we learn from the words "va'Yikach Romach be'Yado"?

(d) What did he say to the B'nei Shimon to gain entry into the tent where Zimri and Kozbi were?

(e) What was the B'nei Shimon's response?

Answers to questions



(a) How many miracles occurred with Pinchas?

(b) The first miracle was that Zimri did not separate from Kozbi (which would have forbidden Pinchas to take any action).
What else might Zimri have done, but miraculously did not?

(c) If the third miracle was that Pinchas (who was not an experienced swordsman) pierced Zimri and Kozbi in exactly the right spot, which fourth miracle happened as he then picked them up with his sword?

(d) Which miracle occurred ...

  1. ... as he carried them through the tent entrance?
  2. ... after that? Why did the B'nei Shimon not kill him for having killed their Nasi?
(a) What did Pinchas say as he deposited them in front of Hashem?

(b) Why, according to Rebbi Elazar, does the Pasuk in Tehilim write "va'Ya'amod Pinchas va'Yefalel", and not va'Yispalel"?

(c) How, as a result of his prayers, did ...

  1. ... Hashem answer the Angels, who wanted to kill him for his brazenness?
  2. ... the Torah answer the tribes, who accused him of acting brashly because he was the son of a daughter of 'Puti'? Who was 'Puti'? What did the tribes mean?
(d) What reward did Pinchas receive for having atoned for K'lal Yisrael?
(a) How does Rav Nachman Amar Rav explain the significance of the four hundred and twenty four Be'ilos that Zimri made with Kozbi? What does this have to do with the Pasuk "Zarzir Mosnayim O Tayash"?

(b) And what does the continuation "u'Melech Alkom Imo" mean?

(c) The Beraisa disagrees.
How many Be'ilos did Zimri have with Kozbi according to the Tana?

(d) What does the Tana mean when he says 'Ad she'Na'aseh ke'Beitzah (or ke'Beitzim) ha'Muzeres'?

(e) What else does he describe him as?

(a) Rav Kahana decribes the place where they lay as being sixty Amos. How does Rav Yosef quoting a Beraisa, describe her womb?

(b) If, as Rav Sheishes says, Kozbi's real name was Sh'vilna'i, why does the Torah call her Kozbi?

(c) Others say that Kozbi is the acronym of 'Kus Bi Am Zeh'.
What does this mean?

(d) And what is the meaning of ...

  1. ... the saying 'What is Sh'vilna'i doing between the canes and the willows', or 'among the canes'?
  2. ... 'Gafsah le'Imah'?
(a) Zimri actually had five names. We have already explained that his real name was 'Sh'lumiel ... ' and 'Zimri' because 'she'Na'aseh ke'Beitzah ha'Muzeres'.
Why was he called 'ben Salu'?

(b) He was also called 'Shaul' because he lent himself out for sin.
Why was he called 'ben ha'Cana'anis'?

(a) What did Rav Sheishes reply, when Rav Acha bar Huna asked him whether a Kohen who served be'Tum'ah is Chayav Miysah or not? How did the former resolve the She'eilah from our Mishnah?

(b) How do we counter this argument by bringing the exact opposite argument?

(c) How do we reconcile this theory with our Mishnah which rules ...

  1. ... 'Mi she'Lakah ve'Shanah, Beis-Din Machnisin Oso le'Kipah' (even though no Chiyuv Miysah is mentioned here)?
  2. ... 'Gonev es ha'Kisva'?
  3. ... 'ha'Mekalel es ha'Kosem'?
  4. ... 'Bo'el es ha'Kutis'?
Answers to questions

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