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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Sanhedrin 81

SANHEDRIN 81 - Sponsored in honor of the 40th anniversary of David and Zahava Rubner; may they continue together with Bracha and Hatzlacha 'til 120 and always have much Nachat from their children! Warm Mazel Tov wishes from Eli & Jeri Turkel and David & Gerti Kornfeld.


(a) What does our Mishnah say about someone who is Chayav two Miysos?

(b) According to the Tana Kama, the same applies to someone who transgressed a sin which carries two death-sentences.
What does Rebbi Yossi say?

(c) What is an example of a sin for which one is Chayav two death-sentences?

(d) Why is the Mishnah's first ruling not obvious? How does Rava establish the Mishnah for there to be a Chidush?

(a) Rabah bar Nasan cited the source to Rav Yosef's brother of our Mishnah's first ruling (that someone who is Chayav two Miysos receives the more stringent death) as the Pasuk in Yechezkel "ve'Holid ben Paritz Shofech Dam ... ".
Which death is the Pasuk referring due when it writes ...
  1. ... "Shofech Dam"?
  2. ... "ve'es Eishes Re'ehu Timei"?
  3. ... "ve'el Gallium Nasa Evan"?
(b) How did he prove it from the conclusion of the Pasuk "Mos Yumas Damav Bo"?

(c) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak queried the proof. Perhaps he asked, all three cases are referring to Chayvei Sekilah.
How is it possible for "ben Paritz Shofech Dam" and "ve'es Eishes Re'eihu Timei" to be sentenced to Sekilah?

(d) On what ground do we refute ...

  1. ... Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak's suggestion?
  2. ... the suggestion that perhaps Yechezkel was merely repeating some of the Torah's principle Dinim?
(a) Yechezkel then goes on to describe the antitheses of the above sinners, concluding with the words 'Tzadik Hu Chayoh Yichyeh".
How does Rav Acha b'Rebbi Chanina explain the Navi's opening words "el he'Harim Lo Achal"? Who is meant by "Harim"?

(b) If he defines "ve'Einav Lo Nasa el Gilulei Beis Yisrael" to mean that he did not walk 'proud and tall' (a mark of conceit), how did he define ...

  1. ... "ve'es Eishes Re'ehu Lo Timei"?
  2. ... "ve'el Ishah Nidah Lo Karav"?
(c) Why did Raban Gamliel weep when he arrived at this Pasuk?

(d) Rebbi Akiva quoted the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "Al Titam'u be'Chol Eileh".
What did he prove from there?

(a) On which principle does Rebbi Yossi base his statement 'Nidon be'Zikah ha'Rishonah she'Ba'ah Alav'?

(b) What is the case of ...

  1. ... 'Chamoso ve'Na'asis Eishes Ish'? What punishment will they receive should he then have relations with her?
  2. ... 'Eishes Ish ve'Na'asis Chamoso? What punishment would they then receive?
(c) Rebbi Yossi concedes that someone who committed two sins receives two punishments, if the second sin is an Isur Mosif.
What makes 'Chamoso ve'Na'asis Eishes Ish' an Isur Mosif?

(d) What did Rava reply when Rav Ada bar Ahavah asked why Rebbi Yossi then says 'Nidon ba'Chamoso', and not 'Nidon *Af* ba'Chamoso' (inasmuch as he would then need to bring two Chata'os, were he to transgress be'Shogeg)?

Answers to questions



(a) What does our Mishnah say about someone who received Malkos for sins that he transgressed on two occasions?

(b) How does Rebbi Yirmiyah Amar Resh Lakish establish our Mishnah to explain how Beis-Din put someone to death when he has only transgressed Chayvei La'avin?

(c) Why is that?

(d) How did Rebbi Ya'akov qualify this ruling still further, to Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Tachlifa, and why?

(a) We establish our Mishnah ('Mi she'Lakah ve'Shanah ... ') not like Raban Shimon ben Gamliel.
What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say about a woman who lost two husbands?

(b) How does Ravina reconcile Raban Shimon ben Gamliel with our Mishnah?

(a) According to the Tana Kama in a Beraisa, the third time a person transgresses a sin which carries with it Malkos, Beis-Din place him in a Kipah.
What does Aba Shaul say?

(b) What do we initially assume to be the reason of the Tana Kama?

(c) Why is this a Kashya on Ravina?

(d) How do we establish the Machlokes Tana'im to reconcile him with the Beraisa?

(a) How must a sinner respond to a warning before he can actually receive Malkos?

(b) What does the Tana Kama say in another Beraisa in a case where a person sinned twice after being warned, but where he responded to each warning with silence or with nodding his head? What happens to him when he sins the third time?

(c) What does Aba Shaul say?

(d) Since in this case, there were no Malkiyos, what is the basis of their Machlokes? Why does Aba Shaul not sentence the sinner to Kipah until the fourth time?

(a) How does Rav Yehudah describe 'Kipah"?

(b) What is the real source of Kipah?

(c) What does Resh Lakish extrapolate from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Temoses Rasha Ra'ah"? What does he prove from there?

(d) He also explains the Pasuk in Koheles "Ki Gam Lo Yeida ha'Adam es Ito, ke'Dagim she'Ne'echazim bi'Metzudah Ra'ah" as 'Chakeh', a hook with which one catches fish.
What is the significance of that?

(a) What is the meaning of ...
  1. ... 'Gonev es ha'Sisvah'? What is a 'Sisvah'?
  2. ... 'Mekalel be'Kosem'?
(b) What do these have in common with someone who has relations with a Nochris?

(c) What do the young Kohanim do with a fellow Kohen whom they catch serving in the Beis-Hamikdash when he is Tamei?

(d) According to Rebbi Akiva, a Zar (a non-Kohen) who serves in the Beis-Hamikdash receives Chenek.
What do the Chachamim say?

(a) What does Rav Yehudah prove from the Pasuk in Bamidbar "ve'es Kesos ha'Nasech"?

(b) How does the Pasuk there "ve'Lo Yavo'u Lir'os ke'Vala es ha'Kodesh va'Meisu" hint at the Din in our Mishnah 'ha'Gonev es ha'Kisva'?

(c) What is the Pasuk really talking about?

(a) There is a Machlokes how to explain 'ha'Mekalel be'Kosem'.
What does the Tana of the Beraisa quoted by Rav Yosef mean when he explains 'Yakeh Kosem es Kosmo'?

(b) And what do the Rabbanan or Rabah bar Mari mean when they say 'Yakeihu Kosem Lo u'le'Kono u'le'Makno'?

Answers to questions

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